Blood. Vojtěch Puč Petra Kovaříková. Body fluids. 42 liters of fluid in the average adult INTRACELLULAR inside of cells EXTRACELLULAR outside of cells INTERSTITIAL surrounds individual tissue cells PLASMA-liquid portion of whole blood.
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INTRACELLULAR-large amount of proteins and a different concentrations of ions
The total ionic concentrations for the fluids are identical. Must maintain isotonic conditions.
The most important functions of blood
98% of the oxygen is transported by hemoglobin in the red blood cells
Average person-15 grams of hemoglobin per 100 ml of blood
25% as a carbaminohemoglobin
70% as bicarbonate (HCO3-)
5% as CO2 dissolved in plasma
dissolved in the water-based plasma. (ions, amino acids, sugars)
bound to cellurar components. (oxygen, carbon dioxide)
travel as a suspension –colloid (lipids)
pass through the capillary wall which acts as a semipermeable membrane
enter the interstitial fluid
finally pass through the cell wall
Increaced rate and depth of breathing reduces the CO2 in blood, increases pH.
Thanks for your attention
blood – krev
fluid – tekutina
average – průměr
maintain – udržovat
condition – podmínka
lungs – plíce
pass through – projít
depth – hloubka
attention – pozornost
aplaus – potlesk