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The Umbrella of Irony…. The Umbrella of Irony. There are a variety of tones & attitudes that fall under the “umbrella” of irony…. Parody. Sarcasm. Irony. Satire. Epithet. Sardonic Voice. Burlesque. Irony. Definition: Language that states the opposite of the intended meaning

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The Umbrella of Irony…

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The Umbrella of Irony…


The Umbrella of Irony

There are a variety of tones & attitudes that fall under the “umbrella” of irony…

Parody

Sarcasm

Irony

Satire

Epithet

Sardonic Voice

Burlesque


Irony

  • Definition:

  • Language that states the opposite of the intended meaning

  • A contradiction or incongruity between appearance or expectation and reality


Satire

  • Definition:

  • A literary genre that uses irony, wit and sometimes sarcasm to expose humanity’s vices and foibles, giving impetus to change or reform through ridicule.

  • Targets something the author wants to change/correct


Juvenalian Satire Vs. Horatian Satire

  • Juvenalian Satire

  • Harsh & bitter form

  • Speaker attacks a vice and error w/contempt…aims to produce anger

  • Horatian Satire

  • Voice is indulgent, tolerant, amused and witty

  • Speaker aims to produce a wry smile


Parody

  • Definition:

  • A form of high burlesque popular since ancient times that imitates a specific literary work or the style of an author for comic effect, usually to ridicule or criticize that work, author or style.

  • Mockery by imitation


PARODY


Parody


Sarcasm

  • Definition:

  • A cutting, often ironic remark intended to wound

  • Intentional derision, generally directed at another person and intended to hurt.

  • The terms comes from a Greek word meaning “to tear flesh like dogs” and signifies a cutting remark


Sarcasm…

He was happily married – but his wife wasn’t

If you’re one in a million, there are six thousand people exactly like you

I find television very educating. Every time somebody turns on the set, I go into the other room and read a book

I like you. People say I’ve got no taste, but I like you.


Epithet

  • Definition:

  • Name calling

  • An adjective or phrase applied to a noun to accentuate a certain characteristic


Sardonic Voice

  • Definition:

  • A scornful, cynical or derisive voice without hope (venting)

  • Scornful, mocking, cynical from the Greek Sardonios, a poisonous plant supposed to distort the face of the eater, appearing to die laughing


Burlesque

  • Definition:

  • A form of comedy characterized by ridiculous exaggeration & distortion

  • A serious subject my be treated frivolously or a frivolous subject seriously


IRONOMETER

Irony: Language which states the opposite of intended meaning

Satire

Harsher

Weaker


When identify items in the Ironometer you must learn to identify:

The TRUE OPINION of the author

The satiric voice or circumstance which the author fashions to portray THE OPPOSITE OF TRUE OPINION (creating irony)

What the author wants to CHANGE OR CORRECT


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