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Planning Essays. Common structures used in essays : Time organization structure. Common structures used in essays : Comparison organization structure. Common structures used in essays : For and Against organization structure. Example.

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Planning essays

Planning Essays


Common structures used in essays time organization structure
Commonstructuresused in essays:Time organizationstructure


Common structures used in essays comparison organization structure
Commonstructuresused in essays:Comparisonorganizationstructure


Common structures used in essays for and against organization structure
Commonstructuresused in essays:ForandAgainstorganizationstructure


Example
Example

  • Outlinethedevelopment of the modern touristindustry:

  • A) Introduction: Currentsituation: growingproblems, e.g. Pollution

  • B) Main Body

    • i) masstourismbegan in 1960s withdevelopment of jet aircraft

    • İi) packageholidayshelpedtopopularizeforeigntravel

    • İi) constantdemandfornewdestinationsandnewtypes of holiday

    • İii) danger of damagingenvironmentthroughgrowth of visitors

      c) Conclusion

      Industry has grownrapidlybut facesvariety of threats


Which structure would be the most suitable for the following titles
Whichstructurewould be themostsuitableforthefollowingtitles?

  • A) Prisonsmakecriminalsworse, andshould be abolished.Discuss.

  • B) Inthe UK, radio is gainingaudiencewhile TV is losingviewers. Considerpossiblereasons.

  • C) Tracethedevelopment of massproductionandevaluateits main benefits.

  • D) Examinations can never be fair: Towhatextent is thistrue?

  • E) The internet willmakebooksredundant in twentyyears. Discuss.


Which structure would be the most suitable for the following titles1
Whichstructurewould be themostsuitableforthefollowingtitles?

  • A) Prisonsmakecriminalsworse, andshould be abolished.Discuss.

    • Forandagainst

  • B) Inthe UK, radio is gainingaudiencewhile TV is losingviewers. Considerpossiblereasons.

    • Comparison

  • C) Tracethedevelopment of massproductionandevaluateits main benefits.

    • Time

  • D) Examinations can never be fair: Towhatextent is thistrue?

    • Forandagainst

  • E) The internet willmakebooksredundant in twentyyears. Discuss.

    • Comparison


Exercise 7 planning longer essays
Exercise 7: Planning longeressays

  • Task: Usethenotestowrite a plan forthetitle:

  • Title: Studentnumbers in highereducationarerising in mostcountries. Is it desirabletokeepincreasingthenumbers of youngpeopletotake a degree?


Possible answer
Possibleanswer

  • Introduction

  • In 1985 12% of youngpeoplewenttouniversity in the UK. Nowthefigure is over 30%. Similargrowth has beenexperienced in manycountries, developedanddeveloping.

  • Outline of essay: benefitsanddrawbacks of expansion


Possible answer1
Possibleanswer

  • Main Body

  • 1. Benefits of expansion

  • Modern economiesarebased on knowledge. Thereforeeverycountryneedstoeducateitsworkforce as highly as possibletocompetewithothereconomies.

  • Universityeducationmayhelpstudentsfrompoorercountriestomoveinto a highersocialposition.


Possible answer2
Possibleanswer

  • Main Body

  • 2. Drawbacks of expansion

  • As studentnumbersrise, standardsfall. Classroomsbecomemorecrowded, andoverworkedteachersarelessabletogivestudentspersonalattention.

  • Becauseincreasingnumbers of youngpeoplearegaining a firstdegree, theirdegreesareworthless. It is nownecessarytohave a seconddegreetocompete in thelabour market.

  • Recentresearchshowsthatremployersarelookingforpersonalskillsratherthaneducationalqualifications.

  • Theaveragestudents in Britain nowleavesuniversitywithdebts of £15,000.


Possible answer3
Possibleanswer

  • Discussion

  • Highereducationdoes not benefiteveryone. Advantageshaveto be balancedagainst time andmoneyinvested.

  • Conclusion

  • Not clearthatnumbers in highereducation can be expandedindefinitely.


Organizing paragraphs
Organizingparagraphs

Paragraphs- Buildingblocks of articles.

A colection of sentencesthatdealwithonesubject

Allparagraphscontaintopicsentences

Introductoryparagraphs – definitions

Descriptiveparagraphs – information

Othersentences – examples – reasons - restatements


Analysis of paragraphs
Analysis of paragraphs


Organizing the main body description development
Organizingthe main body:descriptiondevelopment


Organizing the main body for and against
Organizingthe main body:forandagainst


Organizing the main body for and against1
Organizingthe main body:forandagainst


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