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Planning Essays. Common structures used in essays : Time organization structure. Common structures used in essays : Comparison organization structure. Common structures used in essays : For and Against organization structure. Example.

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common structures used in essays comparison organization structure
Commonstructuresused in essays:Comparisonorganizationstructure
common structures used in essays for and against organization structure
Commonstructuresused in essays:ForandAgainstorganizationstructure
example
Example
  • Outlinethedevelopment of the modern touristindustry:
  • A) Introduction: Currentsituation: growingproblems, e.g. Pollution
  • B) Main Body
    • i) masstourismbegan in 1960s withdevelopment of jet aircraft
    • İi) packageholidayshelpedtopopularizeforeigntravel
    • İi) constantdemandfornewdestinationsandnewtypes of holiday
    • İii) danger of damagingenvironmentthroughgrowth of visitors

c) Conclusion

Industry has grownrapidlybut facesvariety of threats

which structure would be the most suitable for the following titles
Whichstructurewould be themostsuitableforthefollowingtitles?
  • A) Prisonsmakecriminalsworse, andshould be abolished.Discuss.
  • B) Inthe UK, radio is gainingaudiencewhile TV is losingviewers. Considerpossiblereasons.
  • C) Tracethedevelopment of massproductionandevaluateits main benefits.
  • D) Examinations can never be fair: Towhatextent is thistrue?
  • E) The internet willmakebooksredundant in twentyyears. Discuss.
which structure would be the most suitable for the following titles1
Whichstructurewould be themostsuitableforthefollowingtitles?
  • A) Prisonsmakecriminalsworse, andshould be abolished.Discuss.
    • Forandagainst
  • B) Inthe UK, radio is gainingaudiencewhile TV is losingviewers. Considerpossiblereasons.
    • Comparison
  • C) Tracethedevelopment of massproductionandevaluateits main benefits.
    • Time
  • D) Examinations can never be fair: Towhatextent is thistrue?
    • Forandagainst
  • E) The internet willmakebooksredundant in twentyyears. Discuss.
    • Comparison
exercise 7 planning longer essays
Exercise 7: Planning longeressays
  • Task: Usethenotestowrite a plan forthetitle:
  • Title: Studentnumbers in highereducationarerising in mostcountries. Is it desirabletokeepincreasingthenumbers of youngpeopletotake a degree?
possible answer
Possibleanswer
  • Introduction
  • In 1985 12% of youngpeoplewenttouniversity in the UK. Nowthefigure is over 30%. Similargrowth has beenexperienced in manycountries, developedanddeveloping.
  • Outline of essay: benefitsanddrawbacks of expansion
possible answer1
Possibleanswer
  • Main Body
  • 1. Benefits of expansion
  • Modern economiesarebased on knowledge. Thereforeeverycountryneedstoeducateitsworkforce as highly as possibletocompetewithothereconomies.
  • Universityeducationmayhelpstudentsfrompoorercountriestomoveinto a highersocialposition.
possible answer2
Possibleanswer
  • Main Body
  • 2. Drawbacks of expansion
  • As studentnumbersrise, standardsfall. Classroomsbecomemorecrowded, andoverworkedteachersarelessabletogivestudentspersonalattention.
  • Becauseincreasingnumbers of youngpeoplearegaining a firstdegree, theirdegreesareworthless. It is nownecessarytohave a seconddegreetocompete in thelabour market.
  • Recentresearchshowsthatremployersarelookingforpersonalskillsratherthaneducationalqualifications.
  • Theaveragestudents in Britain nowleavesuniversitywithdebts of £15,000.
possible answer3
Possibleanswer
  • Discussion
  • Highereducationdoes not benefiteveryone. Advantageshaveto be balancedagainst time andmoneyinvested.
  • Conclusion
  • Not clearthatnumbers in highereducation can be expandedindefinitely.
organizing paragraphs
Organizingparagraphs

Paragraphs- Buildingblocks of articles.

A colection of sentencesthatdealwithonesubject

Allparagraphscontaintopicsentences

Introductoryparagraphs – definitions

Descriptiveparagraphs – information

Othersentences – examples – reasons - restatements

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