Japan and North and South Korea. South Korea. Japan. North Korea. Physical Geography.
Japan is an archipelagomade-up of over 4,000 islands of volcanic origin. The 4 main islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. Honshu is the largest and contains 80% of Japan’s population. Both North and South Korea are located on the Korean Peninsula, separated by the 38th Parallel.
Japan is very mountainous. Located within the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” Japan has around 170 volcanoes, of which 75 are active. Mt. Fuji (12,388’), a landmark and symbol of Japan, is classified as an active volcano with a low risk of eruption.
Plate tectonic activity contributes to around 7,500 earthquakes yearly in Japan, more than any other country in the world. Earthquakes occurring offshore sometimes cause giant waves, or tsunamis.
Japan’s government prepares the people for earthquakes. Despite this some have been devastating, such as the 1995 Kobe quake, which killed over 5,500, and the 1923 Tokyo quake, which leveled the city and killed over 105,000.
Monsoons (seasonal shifts in winds) affect seasons in Japan., develop over the Pacific Ocean from late summer tTropical hurricanes, or typhoonso early fall. Typhoon winds can reach over 140mph and cause enormous damage. In 1281, the “divine winds” (kamikaze) of a typhoon devastated the ships of Kublai Khan’s Mongol fleet as they prepared to invade Japan.
Damage from a typhoon.
Emperor’s Palace, Kyoto
Japan’s emperors have reigned over Japan in differing capacities for 1500 years. The Samurai were the military, or warrior class. Japan, isolated from Europe until Portugal arrived in 1543, was forced open to trade by the U.S in 1853.
Commodore Perry and his “Black Ships”
Battleship The U.S.S. Arizona
The Arizona Memorial
Lack of natural resources, particularly oil and iron ore, contributed to Japan seeking them elsewhere. Japan developed a mighty military(militarism) and began claiming territories outside Japan (imperialism). When WWII began, Japan sided with the Axis Powers, including Nazi Germany. On Dec. 7, 1941 (“A date which will live in infamy”), Japan attacked the U.S. at PearlHarbor, in Hawaii. The surprise attack crippled the U.S. Naval fleet early in the war.
Two U.S. atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August of 1945 led the Japanese to surrender, ending WWII.
From 1945-1952, the U.S. army occupied Japan. Japan became a democracy, the emperor’s and the military’s powers were reduced, and the country and the economy were rebuilt.
Was the United States of America justified in dropping the two atomic bombs on Japan?
Following WWII, Japan rapidly grew into one of the wealthiest and most developed countries in the world. Japan’s economy is based heavily on foreign trade. Japan specializes in high-tech industries, such as computers and automobiles. In the past, the government has acted to protect Japanese industries by imposing tariffs (import taxes) and quotas (fixed limits) on import goods.
Over 127 million people live in Japan, a country with the land size of California. Japan’s population density is 830 per sq. mi. (CA. is 217). Japan has a very homogenous (uniform) society, where around 99% are of Japanese ancestry. About 80% of the people live on the island of Honshu. Most live in large, crowded cities, like Tokyo (capital), Yokohama, Osaka, and Nagoya.
The most common faiths in Japan are Buddhism and Shinto. Buddhism, adapted from China, teaches people to seek spiritual enlightenment by overcoming selfishness and living modestly. Early Japanese inhabitants followed Shinto, which worshipped the forces of nature and the spirits of dead ancestors. Japan also has been influenced by Confucianism, including respect and loyalty to elders and those in authority, and benefiting the common good.
NorthKorea has a population of 23 million and a population density of 497 per sq. mi.
South Korea has a population of 49 million and a population density of 1,274 per sq. mi. Seoul, the capital city, has over 10 million people. South Korea is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
North Korea dictator Kim Jong-il….is DEAD!
Son is BMOC
Kim Jung Un
South Korea’s type of government is a republic. The leaders of the country are elected by the population.
North Korea is a communist dictatorship with Kim Jong- Un as the totalitarian dictator. He took over leadership of the country when his father died in 2011.
Between 1950-1953, a war was fought between North Korea and South Korea. The Korean War ended in a cease-fire. The line separating the two countries is the 38th Parallel.
IN NORTH KOREA CBS
CBS 60 MINUTES N. KOREA
WIRED SOUTH KOREA