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Bell Ringer. What was the goal of the Sedition Act and what was the Supreme Court Case that upheld it?. Ending the “War to E nd A ll Wars”. …and setting the stage for WWII. “To the victor, go the spoils”. “He who wins the war writes the history”. A Plan for Peace: Wilson’s Fourteen Points.

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Bell Ringer

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Bell ringer

Bell Ringer

What was the goal of the Sedition Act and what was the Supreme Court Case that upheld it?


Ending the war to e nd a ll wars

Ending the “War to End All Wars”

…and setting the stage for WWII


To the victor go the spoils

“To the victor, go the spoils”

“He who wins the war writes the history”


A plan for peace wilson s fourteen points

A Plan for Peace: Wilson’s Fourteen Points

  • Outlined a plan for creating a “just and lasting peace”

  • Points 1-4: Ending secret treaties, freedom of the seas, free trade, and reducing national armies and navies

  • Point 5: Adjustment of colonial claims with fairness toward colonial peoples

  • Point 6-13: Specific suggestions for changing borders and creating new nations

  • Point 14: Proposed a “general association of nations” that would protect “great and small states alike”


League of nations

League of Nations

  • The League’s member nations would help preserve peace and prevent future wars by pledging to respect and protect each other’s territory and political independence.

Talk it out instead

of fighting it out


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Paris Peace Conference


The big four

The Big Four

Woodrow Wilson Vittorio Orlando

David Lloyd George Georges Clemenceau


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Where's Russia?

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: a peace treaty between the Russia and the Central Powers, marking Russia's exit from World War I.

Russia ceded land to Germany and the Ottoman Empire in return for an early exit from the war. This incited even more violence in their ongoing civil war.

Russian Civil War

1917-1921


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Hall of Mirrors


The treaty of versailles

The Treaty of Versailles

No! Their military is the REAL problem!

We should form a league of peace so this kind of thing doesn’t happen again!

We want Germany to pay for what they did to Europe!

We want our territories back!


Reparations

“Reparations”

  • The other Allied governments saw Wilson’s plan as too lenient towards the “aggressor” nations.

  • Losses for Germany:

    • Officially blamed for the war

    • Stripped of its military

    • Its territories were split up

    • Were required to pay “reparations” to the Allied countries to a total of…

33 Billion Dollars!


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How vill all dis affect de Germans?


Effects for germany

Effects for Germany

Germany experiences “hyper-inflation”: Inflation is the general rising of prices over time; hyper-inflation is an extreme increase in prices over a short period of time.

Children play with virtually worthless German money (reichsmarks)


When trouble rears its ugly head people need

When trouble rears its ugly head, people need…

A Hero?

A Hero!


American reaction to the treaty of versailles

American Reaction to the Treaty of Versailles

  • Senate must approve Treaty of Versailles for it to take effect

  • “Irreconcilables” : Senators that id not want the Treaty passed

  • Article X: required the US to help a League nation if it were attacked

    • Would entangle the US in European affairs

    • Could take away Congress’ war powers


American reaction to the treaty of versailles1

American Reaction to the Treaty of Versailles

  • Senate adds amendments to keep their power

    • Wilson ends up asking the people to vote against the Treaty

  • Treaty isn’t ratified and America doesn’t join the League of Nations

  • America retreated into isolationism.


Effects of the war

Effects of the War

Isolationism and Conflict


The red scare

The Red Scare

  • Cause: Bolshevik Revolution and Russia’s retreat from WWI

  • The Red Scare: A fear of the rise of socialism, communism, and anarchists destroying the American way of life.

    • Fearful of workers revolutions (unions) and immigrants from undemocratic countries (South and Eastern Europe).

  • Xenophobia: An irrational or unreasoned fear of anything perceived to be foreign or strange.


The palmer raids

The Palmer Raids

  • In Spring 1919, a group of Italian anarchists mailed a series of letter bombs to prominent government officials, businessmen, and law enforcement officials.

  • In June, second wave of bombings occurred, where several much larger package bombs were detonated, including one that damaged the home of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer


J edgar hoover and the fbi

On August 1, 1919, Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer put 24-year-old J. Edgar Hoover in charge of the new Bureau of Investigation, the General Intelligence Division. It would investigate the programs of radical groups and identify their members.

J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI


The palmer raids1

November 7, 1919, (the 2nd anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution)

The Palmer Raids: A series of well-publicized and violent raids on suspected anarchists and socialist sympathizers by the Bureau of Investigation.

Targeted the Union of Russian Workers.

Of 650 arrested in New York City, the government managed to have just 43 deported.

The Palmer Raids


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Postwar Labor Disputes

  • Many laborers went on strike following the end of WWI

    • Sought better wages, better conditions, and the ability to collectively bargain

  • Strikes were only mildly successful; fear of Communist revolution limited their success


Chicago race riots

Chicago Race Riots

  • Causes of racial tension: The Great Migration and the end of WWI

  • Cause of the Riots: Ayoung African American was struck by a rock and died at an informally segregated beach.

  • The riot lasted about a week. During the riot, dozens died and hundreds were injured.

  • Red Summer of 1919: A wave of violence and riots that occurred during the summer following WWI.


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