T ourettes
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T OURETTES. Tourette syndrome is an inherited neurological disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by the presence of multiple physical tics and at least one vocal tic. THE BACK STORY.

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T OURETTES

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T ourettes

TOURETTES

Tourette syndrome is an inherited neurological disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by the presence of multiple physical tics and at least one vocal tic.


The back story

THE BACK STORY

  • The first presentation of Tourette syndrome is thought to be in a 1489 book, “Witch's hammer” by JakobSprenger and Heinrich Kraemer, describing a priest whose tics were "believed to be related to possession by the devil".

  • A French doctor, JeanMarcGaspardItard, reported the first case of Tourette syndrome in 1825

  • At-risk males are more likely to have tics and at-risk females are more likely to have obsessive-compulsive symptoms.


How to diagnosis

HOW TO DIAGNOSIS

  • Doctors diagnosis patients with tourettes after verifying that the patient has had both motor and vocal tics for at least 1 year.  The existence of other neurological or psychiatric conditions can also help doctors arrive at a diagnosis. 

  • Doctors can also use neuroimaging studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging , computerized tomography (, and electroencephalogram scans, or certain blood tests may be used to rule out other conditions that might be confused with TS. 


Transmission

TRANSMISSION

  • Tourettes has been found to be an inherited trait.

  • Cases vary all the time. Sometimes children will get tourettes when no one in the whole family tree has ever had a case. It’s a very specific mixture that makes up the genes to get tourettes.

  • Even though it’s such a weird process how some people receive it, it is commonly passed down as a semi dominant or intermediate inheritance .


Symptoms

SYMPTOMS

  • Obviously, ticking. Going along with eye blinking and other vision irregularities, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, and head or shoulder jerking.

  • Vocal signs are repetitive throat-clearing, sniffing, or grunting sounds


Treatments

TREATMENTS!

  • Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine can lessen ADHD symptoms in people with TS without causing tics to become more severe. However, all these medications so far cause terrible side effects.

  • Physical therapy is a common way for people with tourettes to turn to that have it severely because it teaches them how to control their tics.

  • Psychotherapy can help the person with TS better cope with the disorder and deal with the secondary social and emotional problems that sometimes occur


Reference list

REFERENCE LIST

  • Bethesda. (n.d.). Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Retrieved May 20, 2010, from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders

  • Alsobrook. (n.d.). The Genetics of Tourette Syndrome. Tourette-Syndrome.com - Home of Tourette Syndrome Online. Retrieved May 20, 2010, from http://www.tourette-syndrome.com/ts_genetics.htm


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