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9-1. Transforming the Roman World. 1. What replaced the Western Roman empire by 500. A number of states fuled by German Kings. 2. Who were the Anglo-Saxons?. The Angles and the Saxons were Germanic tribes from Denmark and Northern Germany who settled in Britain in the 5th Century.

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9-1

Transforming the Roman World


1 what replaced the western roman empire by 500
1. What replaced the Western Roman empire by 500

  • A number of states fuled by German Kings


2 who were the anglo saxons
2. Who were the Anglo-Saxons?

  • The Angles and the Saxons were Germanic tribes from Denmark and Northern Germany who settled in Britain in the 5th Century


3 which of the german states on the european continent proved long lasting
3. Which of the German states on the European continent proved long lasting?

  • The Kingdom of the Franks


4 what political advantage did clovis gain when he converted to christianity
4. What political advantage did Clovis gain when he converted to Christianity?

  • His conversion gave him the support of the Catholic Church


5 describe the crucial social bond among the germanic peoples
5. Describe the crucial social bond among the Germanic peoples

  • Extended families held towns together


6 what was wergild
6. What was wergild? peoples

  • The amount paid by a wrongdoer to the family of the person who was wronged


7 explain the importance of a man known as the pope
7. Explain the importance of a man known as the pope peoples

  • Bishop of Rome and the leader of the Catholic Church


8 in what endeavor was pope gregory i especially active
8. In what endeavor was Pope Gregory I especially active? peoples

  • Converting Germanic people to Christianity


9 what good works did the christian monks in the new european civilization perform
9. What good works did the Christian monks in the new European civilization perform?

  • Provided schools, hospitals, and hospitality for travelers


10 what did the coronation of charlemagne symbolize
10. What did the coronation of Charlemagne symbolize? European civilization perform?

  • The coming together of the Roman, Christian , and Germanic worlds to make European civilization


11 why do we have manuscripts of ancient roman literary works today
11. Why do we have manuscripts of Ancient Roman literary works today?

  • They were copied by Carolingian monks


Wergild
Wergild works today?

  • The amount of money paid to a family to make up for a wrongdoing


Ordeal
Ordeal works today?

  • A physical trial to determine guilt or innocence


Bishopric
Bishopric works today?

  • A diocese or group of churches together


Pope works today?

  • The bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church


Monk works today?

  • A man who dedicates his life to God


Monasticism
Monasticism works today?

  • The practice of being a monk


Missionary
Missionary works today?

  • Someone who goes out to spread a religious message


Nun works today?

  • A woman who dedicates her life to God


Abbess
Abbess works today?

  • Head nun at a convent


Visigoth
Visigoth works today?

  • Germanic tribe that conquered Spain


Ostrogoth
Ostrogoth works today?

  • Germanic tribe that conquered Italy in the 5th century


Anglo saxon
Anglo-Saxon works today?

  • Germanic tribe that settled in Great Britain


Clovis
Clovis works today?

  • Converted to Christianity and started the first Frankish Kingdom


Gregory i
Gregory I works today?

  • Strengthened the papacy in the 6th century


Saint benedict
Saint Benedict works today?

  • Started the first monastery in the 6th century


Mayor of the palace
Mayor of the Palace works today?

  • Chief officer in the King’s household


Pepin
Pepin works today?

  • Unified the Frankish Kingdom


Charlemagne
Charlemagne works today?

  • Ruled a vast Frankish kingdom called the Carolingian Empire, crowned by the Pope as the Holy Roman Emperor


Scriptoria
Scriptoria works today?

  • Writing rooms in monasteries where monks copied books


9-4 works today?

The Byzantine Empire and the Crusades




  • 1. Historians call this smaller empire the Byzantine Empire was the rise of Islam

  • 2. The Christian church of this Empire was known as the Eastern Orthodox Church

  • 3. Because the emperor appointed the head of the Orthodox church, known as the patriarch, he exercised control over church and state





  • B. In 1187, Jerusalem fell to Muslim forces under Saladin Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • C. Richard the Lionhearted negotiated a settlement whereby Christian pilgrims had free access to Jerusalem

  • D. The first widespread attacks on Jews bean in the context of the crusades


Patriarch
Patriarch Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Head of the Eastern Orthodox Church


Schism
Schism Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Separation between two branches of Christianity


Crusades
Crusades Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Expeditions to regain the holy lands from the Muslims


Infidel
Infidel Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • A non-believer, Muslim


Justinian
Justinian Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Emperor of the Byzantine Empire


Body of civil law
Body of Civil Law Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Justinian’s laws for the Byzantine Empire (simplified from Roman Law)


Byzantine empire
Byzantine Empire Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • The Eastern half of the former Roman Empire


Macedonians
Macedonians Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Byzantine Emperors from 867-1081


Seljuk turks
Seljuk Turks Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Defeated the Byzantine Empire in East Asia


Saint bernard of clairvaux
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Called for the 2nd Crusade


Saladin
Saladin Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Great Muslim military leader who took Jerusalem from the Christians


Innocent iii
Innocent III Christians conducted military expeditions known as the crusades

  • Called for the 4th Crusade


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