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Updates on the GOFC-GOLD REDD Sourcebook. Patrick Van Laake IISD-ICRAF workshop Hanoi, 18 – 20 May 2011. www.fao.org/gtos/gofc-gold www.gofc-gold.uni-jena.de. Global Observations of Forest Cover and Land Dynamics. Variability in capacities for REDD+ monitoring. Capacity gap. Capacity gap:.

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Updates on the gofc gold redd sourcebook l.jpg

Updates on the GOFC-GOLD REDD Sourcebook

Patrick Van Laake

IISD-ICRAF workshop

Hanoi, 18 – 20 May 2011

www.fao.org/gtos/gofc-gold

www.gofc-gold.uni-jena.de

Global Observations of Forest Cover and Land Dynamics


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Variability in capacities for REDD+ monitoring

Capacity gap

Capacity gap:

Consideration of factors:

Requirements for monitoring forest carbon on national level (IPCC GPG)

Existing national capacities for national forest monitoring

Progress in national GHG inventory and engagement in REDD+

REDD+ particular characteristics: importance of forest fires, soil carbon, deforestation rate etc.

Specific technical challenges (remote sensing): cloud cover, seasonality, topography, remote sensing data availability and access procedures

Source: Herold 2009: http://princes.3cdn.net/8453c17981d0ae3cc8_q0m6vsqxd.pdf


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GOFC-GOLD REDD+ Sourcebook

A sourcebook of methods and procedures for monitoring and reporting anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and removals caused by deforestation, gains and losses of carbon stocks in forests remaining forests, and forestation

Latest version published for COP16 in Cancun

  • http://www.gofc-gold.uni-jena.de/redd


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Acknowledgement

Sponsors of the Global Terrestrial Observing System:

Sourcebook authors:

Frederic Achard, Sandra Brown, Ruth De Fries, Giacomo Grassi, Martin Herold, Danilo Mollicone, Devendra Pandey, Carlos Souza Jr., Olivier Arino, Gregory P. Asner, Luigi Boschetti, Barbara Braatz, Michael Brady, Emilio Chiuvieco, Ivan Csiszar, Michael Falkowski, Sandro Federici, Scott Goetz, Nancy Harris, Yasumasa Hirata, Hans Joosten, Chris Justice, Josef Kellndorfer, Stephen Kull, Werner Kurz, Eric Lambin, Suvi Monni, Erik Næsset, Ross Nelson, Marc Paganini, Tim Pearson, David Shoch, Florian Siegert, Margaret Skutsch, Allan Spessa, Patrick Van Laake, Michael Wulder

Support for GOFC-GOLD REDD working group :


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Sourcebook objectives

To provide transparent methods that are designed to produce estimates of changes in forest area and carbon stocks in a format that is user-friendly

To complement the IPCC GPG-LULUCF (2003) and IPCC Guidelines-AFOLU (2006) by providing additional explanations and enhanced methods

To foster technical understanding and build confidence for political discussions on specifying REDD+ MRV options and requirements

Support REDD+ early actions at national level


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Coarse outline (~ 200 pages)

1 INTRODUCTION

  • Purpose and scope of the sourcebook

  • IPCC context and requirements

  • Clarifying REDD+ elements causing forest carbon stock change

  • Emerging issues for REDD+ implementation

    2 METHODOLOGICAL SECTION

  • Monitoring of changes in forest area and degradation

  • Estimation of above ground carbon stocks

  • Estimation of soil carbon stocks

  • Methods for estimating CO2 emissions from deforestation and forest degradation

  • Methods for estimating GHG emissions from biomass burning

  • Estimation of uncertainties

  • Methods to address emerging issues for REDD+ implementation

  • Guidance on reporting

  • Status of evolving technologies

    3 PRACTICAL EXAMPLES FOR DATA COLLECTION

  • Methods used by Annex 1 countries for national LULUCF inventories

  • Overview of the existing forest area changes monitoring systems

  • From national forest inventory to national forest GHG inventories

  • Community forest monitoring

    4 COUNTRY CAPACITY BUILDING

  • Building national carbon monitoring systems for REDD+: elements and capacities

  • Capacity gaps and cost implications

  • Linking monitoring and policy development


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Some GOFC-GOLD Sourcebook impacts

Facilitate a process of cooperation and communication of technical community with political level

Multiple users addressed

Country submissions to UNFCCC on REDD+ and LULUCF (support of negotiations)

Referred to and used in country readiness activities (i.e. FCPF R-PP, GIZ, bi-laterals)

Contributions to key publications, expert meetings and projects, i.e.:

UNFCCC technical paper on REDD+ and expert meetings

FAO FRA special study on Forest Degradation & report

IPCC LULUCF expert meetings and reports


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Some key issues for updating

International activities (i.e. UNFCCC, IPCC, GEO)

Addressing new issues from negotiations:

REDD+ and need to address forest-area change, forest degradation & regrowth, and carbon stock changes

Monitoring of drivers, activities and safeguards

National and subnational monitoring

Key issues requiring further technical guidance:

Linking in-situ data, remote sensing and models

Role of evolving technologies

Biomass burning

Accuracy assessments, verification and dealing with uncertainties

Data management on national level


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Web resources

  • GOFC-GOLD:

    • http://www.fao.org/gtos/gofc-gold/

  • GOFC-GOLD land cover project office:

    • http://www.gofc-gold.uni-jena.de/

  • GOFC-GOLD REDD sourcebook:

    • http://www.gofc-gold.uni-jena.de/redd

  • IPCC background paper on use of remote sensing in LULUCF sector (GOFC-GOLD 33):

    • http://www.fao.org/gtos/gofc-gold/series.html

  • UNFCCC/SBSTA technical paper on costs of monitoring for REDD

    • http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/tp/01.pdf


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