Addressing Climate Change Adaptation in Eastern Ontario april 15, 2013. IPCC Definition. UNFCCC definition.
Climate change in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) usage refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g. using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. It refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity.
This usage differs from that in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), where climate change refers to a change of climate that is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and that is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.
(IPCC 2007)What is Climate change?
Annual Mean Temperatures in Eastern Ontario are projected to increase
3-4 degrees Celsius by 2100
Difference in Precipitation by 2100 (%)
60 to 70
50 to 60
40 to 50
30 to 40
20 to 30
10 to 20
0 to 10
0 to -10
-10 to -20
-20 to -30
-30 to -40
Precipitation amounts and patterns will change
Adaptation and mitigation should go hand-in-hand, both are equally important!
Adaptation: Managing what we cannot avoid
Takes place through adjustments to reduce vulnerability or to enhance resilience in response to observed or expected changes in climate and associated extreme weather events.
Mitigation: Avoiding what we cannot manage
Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions through;
Developing a proactive, planned response to climate change impacts, which includes developing the capacity to respond to unexpected impacts and extremes, makes good sense for the community.
Adaptation is needed at all levels equally important!
Local champions are usually a small group of individuals from government, industry, and the public who understand the importance of a cooperative approach to working towards adaptation
Objective to “Protect natural resilience of the entire Lake Simcoe ecosystem”
Will include suggestions for Adaptive Actions
Set priorities similarities with local situation, first by developing strategic plans to protect resilience of natural systems and functions (green infrastructure).
Include consideration of climate change impactsin policies and management plans.
Identify changing risks and vulnerabilities to ‘traditional’ land use practices and ‘gray’ infrastructure.
Develop and implement monitoring programs to identify and address local knowledge gaps and measure progress.
Identify collaborative opportunities.What can we draw from the lake simcoe protection plan? (cont’d)
Estimating Future Vulnerabilities and risks boundaries
IPCC, 2007. Fourth Assessment Report: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability.
“ adaptation optionsClimate change is likely to become one of the most significant drivers of biodiversity loss by the end of the century”
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005
Sustainable options can be considered ‘no regret’ actions as beginning steps in adaptation
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION STARTS WITH WISE, SUSTAINABLE USE AND PROTECTION OF THE SAME NATURAL VALUES THAT ARE IMPORTANT TO OUR COMMUNITIES