In our country plenty of legal orders interact with mental disorders in order to protect the interests of mentally ill, society and the state.These legislations are enacted to protect the society from dangerous manifestations of mental illness. There are guidelines regarding restrain, admission and discharge, procedures of civil and criminal action with regard to mentally ill. But do these laws discuss about proper care and treatment? Are there provisions for post discharge care and rehabilitation?
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WORLD MENTAL HEALTH DAY
10TH OCTOBER 2010
Dr.Sujnanendra Mishra, MD (OBGYN)
„There is no health without mental health“
(World Federation on Mental Health)
The World Health Organization defines mental health as
It is when someone lacks the ability to manage day to day events and/or control their behavior so that basic physical and emotional needs are threatened or unmet.
These disorders can affect persons of any age, race, sex, religion, or income.
Mental illnesses are not the result of a personal weakness, lack of character, or poor upbringing.
Mental illness is a physical condition just like asthma or arthritis.
But still society believes that a person who is mentally ill needs to show more willpower -
to be able to pull themselves out it.
…..It is also like telling a person who has an amputated leg to run across the room.
But a person who has mental health issue has a “broken brain”.
The causes of mental ill-health
Mental ill-health burdens in terms of suffering, disability, and mortality,
Schematic of the principal parts of the conceptual overview of the factors associated with mental health
FACTS AND MYTHS ABOUT MENTAL ILLNESS
Fact: Most diagnosed individuals come from supportive homes.
Fact: Most are victims of violence.
Fact: Numerous studies have shown that many have average or above average intelligence.
1.Mental health problems only happen to other people
2. People with mental illness are violent and dangerous
3. People with mental illness are poor and/or less intelligent
4. People who self-harm are attention-seekers
5. People with poor mental health are weird
6. Mental illness is caused by emotional weakness
7. Once you’ve had a mental illness, you never recover
8. Since ‘care in the community’ was started, people with mental health problems have been left to roam the streets
9. All people who suffer from depression are suicidal
10. If I seek help for my mental health problem, others will think I am "crazy"
Positive symptoms are characterized by abnormal thoughts, perceptions, language and behavior.
Negative symptoms are characterized by restrictions in range and intensity of emotional expression, communication, body language and interest in normal activities.
Stigma and discrimination limit people’s aspirations and can make it difficult to work, access services, participate in communities and enjoy family life.
Terminologies used in the act
Every law has its own advantages and disadvantages although existing law gives an excellent approach to the problems of mentally ill.
But some of the provisions need a proper rethinking.
No law once framed can be adapted forever.
There should be proper amendments from time to time.
Overall, mental health is an issue that effects everyone.
And hopefully, throughout the years, education will curve the sigma of these brain disorders so that hate, bias judgment and discrimination will be gone.