Preparing school library media specialists for resource description and access rda
Download
1 / 60

Preparing School Library Media Specialists for Resource Description and Access (RDA) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 127 Views
  • Uploaded on

Preparing School Library Media Specialists for Resource Description and Access (RDA). Dr. Barbara Schultz-Jones Dr. Shawne D. miksa Department of Library and Information Sciences College of Information University of North Texas Denton, TX American Association of School Librarians

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Preparing School Library Media Specialists for Resource Description and Access (RDA)' - driscoll-short


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Preparing school library media specialists for resource description and access rda

Preparing School Library Media Specialists for Resource Description and Access (RDA)

Dr. Barbara Schultz-Jones

Dr. Shawne D. miksa

Department of Library and Information Sciences

College of Information

University of North Texas

Denton, TX

American Association of School Librarians

14th National Conference and Exhibition

ChArlotte, North Carolina

November 7, 2009


Objectives
Objectives Description and Access (RDA)

  • Understand the role of FRBR and FRAD in RDA

  • Understand the impact of RDA on cataloging tasks

  • Understand the impact of RDA on user operations

  • Devise a strategy for implementing RDA in the school library media center


What do i need to learn about rda
What do I need to learn about RDA? Description and Access (RDA)

  • The main questions being asked are

    • How do we use it?

    • How do we implement it in our library?

    • Are the vendors creating new systems that use it?

    • Perhaps the most challenging aspect will be learning the complexity of the FRBR entity-relationship models in which information resources are classified as Works, Expressions, Manifestations, and Items (often referred to as WEMI).


Where we are and how we got here
Where we are and how we got here Description and Access (RDA)

  • Resource Description and Access (RDA) replaces Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd ed. (AACR2) in January 2010, as an online database product to incorporate the features and functionalities of online access. (JSC, website)

  • Based in part on conceptual models in Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) and Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD)

  • Motivated by :

    • Changes in technology

      • Impact on descriptive/access data

        • Book catalogs

        • Card catalogs

        • OPACs

        • Next generation

    • Move from the isolated individual library to incorporation of the international audience

    • Move from classes of materials to elements and values (more controlled vocabularies)


Rda and aacr2
RDA and AACR2 Description and Access (RDA)

How RDA Differs from AACR2

How RDA is similar to AACR2

  • Not organized by form of item

  • Based on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)

  • Most rules will not change

  • Discusses description and access points


Resource Description and Access (RDA) Description and Access (RDA)

Recording attributes

 Introduction 

Section 1. Chapters 1-4

Recording attributes of manifestation and item

Section 2. Chapters 5-7

Recording attributes of work and expression

Section 3. Chapters 8-11

Recording attributes of person, family, and corporate body

Section 4. Chapters 12-16

Recording attributes of concept, object, event, and place

Recording relationships

 Section 5. Chapter 17

Recording primary relationships between work, expression, manifestation, and item

Section 6. Chapters 18-22

Recording relationships to persons, families, and corporate bodies

Section 7. Chapters 23

Recording relationships to concepts, objects, events, and places associated with a work

Section 8. Chapters 24-28

Recording relationships between works, expressions, manifestations, and items

Section 9. Chapters 29-32

Recording relationships between persons, families, and corporate bodies

Section 10. Chapters 33-37

Recording relationships between concepts, objects, events, and places

Appendices A-M

Glossary

Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd ed., Rev.

Part I Description

Introduction

Chapter 1.

General Rules

Chapters 2-12

Special rules applicable to particular types of information resources (i.e., maps, manuscripts, music, etc.)

Chapter 13

Analytical descriptions

Part I Headings, Uniform Titles and References

Chapter 20

Introduction

Chapter 21

Choice of Access points [main and added]

Chapter 22

Headings for persons

Chapter 23

Geographic names

Chapter 24

Headings for Corporate Bodies

Chapter 25

Uniform Titles

Chapter 26

References

Appendices A-E

Index


Intention of rda
Intention of RDA Description and Access (RDA)

  • Broaden the statement of principles (Paris Principles)

    • All types of resources (not just books)

    • Bibliographic relationships, descriptive cataloging, not Subject Cataloging at this time

    • Access (not just choice and form of entry, but all access for bibliographic and authority records)

  • Builds on

    • Great cataloguing traditions of the world

    • FRBR and FRAR and future FR-Subjects


Aacr2 vs rda difference in proportions
AACR2 vs. RDA: difference in proportions Description and Access (RDA)

AACR2

  • Description of information entities—13 chapters (Part 1)

  • Weak on access points; talks of main and added (MAP, AAP), have to look all over Part II for access point provisions (e.g., title access points are discussed in chapter 21 only and then only as a default provision, not much direction)

  • Is not really based on the idea of a “work”, rather it is very much based on the unit record system.


Aacr2 vs rda continued
AACR2 vs. RDA, continued Description and Access (RDA)

RDA

  • Description is covered in 4 chapters, everything else is about access points

  • Form is no longer the first decision; chapters are not based on form (e.g., no longer have chapters 2-12 as in AACR2)

  • Does not focus on the unit record system—it can be, but it doesn’t need to do so—rather it operates on the idea of a “work”

  • Does not put the cataloger in the decision of having to decide Main and Added Access points; we don’t need those distinctions any longer although it does use the idea of a “preferred access point”


How much will i have to re learn
How much will I have to re-learn? Description and Access (RDA)

  • RDA now outlines the first step in creating a catalog record as deciding on the type of description to be represented, and not deciding on format, although format is still integral

  • Types of description (rules 1.2)

    • Comprehensive, analytical, or multi-level description

  • More emphasis on showing bibliographic relationships (e.g., taxonomy of bibliographic relationships) in order to better allow clustering of records

    • Read--works by B. Tillett, R. Smiraglia; M. Yee, S. Vellucci, E. O’Neill, D. Vizine-Goetz, just to name a few…


Preparation
Preparation Description and Access (RDA)

  • Cataloging community must

    • study the conceptual model offered by FRBR and FRAD

    • Read and study drafts of RDA as released

    • Provide feedback to JSC

  • Vendors must consider re-design of their systems in order to incorporate new functionality of bibliographic and authority data


Bibliographic universe
Bibliographic Universe Description and Access (RDA)

Books

Serials

Maps, globes, etc.

Manuscripts.

Musical scores

A-V

sound recordings

motion pictures

photographs, slides

Multimedia

“Remote” digital materials

Etc.


What s a conceptual model
What’s a conceptual model? Description and Access (RDA)

  • Abstract depiction of the universe of things being described

    • The things in that universe (entities)

    • Identifying characteristics of those entities (attributes/elements)

    • The relationships among the entities


Functional requirements for bibliographic records frbr
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) Description and Access (RDA)

  • User tasks

    • Find

    • Identify

    • Select

    • Obtain

  • Entity-relationship model

    • Entities: Group 1, 2, 3

    • Relationships

    • Attributes

  • National level record

    elements (mandatory & optional data)


Frbr s entity relationship model
FRBR’s Entity-Relationship Model Description and Access (RDA)

  • Entities

  • Relationships

  • Attributes (data elements)

relationship

One Entity

Another Entity


Frbr s entity relationship model1
FRBR’s Entity-Relationship Model Description and Access (RDA)

Person

Work

created

was created by

Shakespeare

Hamlet


Frbr entities
FRBR Entities Description and Access (RDA)

Group 1:Products of intellectual & artistic endeavor = bibliographic resources

  • Work

  • Expression

  • Manifestation

  • Item


Work Description and Access (RDA)

is realized through

Expression

Intellectual/

artistic content

Physical -

recording of

content

is embodied in

Manifestation

is exemplified by

Item


Vocabulary
Vocabulary Description and Access (RDA)

  • “Book”

  • Door prop

(item)

  • “publication”

  • at bookstore

  • any copy

  • (manifestation)


Vocabulary1
Vocabulary Description and Access (RDA)

  • “Book”

  • Who translated?

  • (expression)

  • Who wrote?

  • (work)


Group 1 Description and Access (RDA)

Work

is realized through

Expression

is embodied in

Manifestation

recursive

is exemplified by

one

Item

many


Elements to describe resources
Elements to Describe Resources Description and Access (RDA)

Work

ID

Title

Date

etc.

Expression

ID

Form

Date

Language

etc.

Manifestation

ID

Title

Statement of responsibility

Edition

Imprint (place, publisher, date)

Form/extent of carrier

Terms of availability

Mode of access

etc.

Item

ID

Provenance

Location

etc.


books Description and Access (RDA)

Videocassettes

DVDs

Manifestations

CDs


Les Trois Mousquetaires Description and Access (RDA)

French

text

movie

Expressions


Work Description and Access (RDA)


Examples
Examples Description and Access (RDA)

  • Leatherbound autographed copy in Rare Books Collection?

  • Digitized version of the Oxford University Press text published in 2008?

  • French translation?

  • London Symphony Orchestra 2005 performance?

  • The Three Musketeers?

Item

Manifestation

Expression

Expression

Work


Family of Works Description and Access (RDA)

Equivalent

Descriptive

Derivative

Free

Translation

Review

Edition

Casebook

Microform

Reproduction

Summary

Abstract

Dramatization

Simultaneous

“Publication”

Abridged

Edition

Criticism

Digest

Novelization

Screenplay

Copy

Libretto

Evaluation

Illustrated

Edition

Revision

Change of Genre

Exact

Reproduction

Parody

Annotated

Edition

Translation

Expurgated

Edition

Imitation

Same Style or

Thematic Content

Variations or Versions

Facsimile

Arrangement

Commentary

Slight

Modification

Reprint

Adaptation

Original Work -Same Expression

Same Work –

New Expression

New Work

Cataloging Rules Cut-Off Point


Relationships
Relationships Description and Access (RDA)

Inherent among the Group 1 entities

Content relationships among works/expressions

Work

Expression

Manifestation

Item

Whole-Part

Sequential

Derivative

Accompanying


Frbr entities1
FRBR Entities Description and Access (RDA)

Group 1:Bibliographic resources

  • Work

  • Expression

  • Manifestation

  • Item


Frbr entities2
FRBR Entities Description and Access (RDA)

Group 2: Those responsible for the intellectual & artistic content = Parties

  • Person

  • Corporate body

  • Family


Group 2
Group 2 Description and Access (RDA)

Person

Family

Corporate Body

Work

Expression

Manifestation

Item

is owned by

is produced by

is realized by

is created by

many


Relationship vs element
Relationship vs. Element Description and Access (RDA)

Created by

Work

Person

Creates

Hamlet

Shakespeare


Subject relationship
Subject Relationship Description and Access (RDA)

Created by

Work

Person

Creates

has subject

is subject of

Concept/Topic


Frbr entities3
FRBR Entities Description and Access (RDA)

Group 3:Subjects of works

  • Groups1&2 plus

  • Concept

  • Object

  • Event

  • Place

  • Subject relationship


  • Group 3
    Group 3 Description and Access (RDA)

    Work

    Work

    Expression

    has as subject

    Manifestation

    Item

    Person

    Family

    has as subject

    Corporate Body

    Concept

    Object

    has as subject

    Event

    Place

    many


    Why do we need frbr
    Why do we need FRBR? Description and Access (RDA)

    Improve the user experience in locating information

    Guide systems designs for the future

    Guide rule makers

    Cut costs for the description and access to resources in our libraries

    Position information providers to better operate in the Internet environment and beyond


    Applications of the conceptual model
    Applications of the Conceptual Model Description and Access (RDA)

    • FRBR is conceptual model

      • No application is prescribed

    • Opportunities for the future in new systems designs

      • Australia, Europe

      • Variations3, etc.

    • Keep user foremost in mind


    Frbr benefits
    FRBR Benefits Description and Access (RDA)

    • Collocation

      • Better organization to catalog

      • More options to display

        • Identifying elements

        • Pathways

    ☑ Simplify cataloging

    enabling links and

    re-use of identifying elements


    Objectives of catalogs
    Objectives of Catalogs Description and Access (RDA)

    • Cutter’s objectives for the catalog

      • Finding - description and access standards

      • Collocating - controlled “vocabularies” for precision of searching


    User tasks frbr
    “User Tasks” - FRBR Description and Access (RDA)

    • Find (locate and collocate)

    • Identify

    • Select

    • Obtain

    • Relate/Navigate


    Objectives of catalogs1
    Objectives of Catalogs Description and Access (RDA)

    • Finding (locate)

      • A single specific resource

    • Collocating (sets of resources)

      • All resources belonging to the same work

      • All resources belonging to the same expression

      • All resources belonging to the same manifestation

      • All the works and expressions of a person, corporate body, or family

      • All resources on a given subject

      • All resources sharing some specific characteristic

        • Language, place of publication, date, etc.


    Collocation
    Collocation Description and Access (RDA)

    Shakespeare

    Hamlet

    Romeo and

    Juliet

    English

    French

    German

    Swedish

    Stockholm

    2008

    Library of Congress

    Copy 1

    Green leather binding

    • Objectives of a catalog: display

      • All the works associated with aperson, etc.

      • All the expressions of the same work

      • All the manifestations of the same expression

      • All items/copies of the same manifestation


    Pathways to related works
    Pathways to Related Works Description and Access (RDA)

    Shakespeare

    Stoppard

    Hamlet

    Derivative

    works

    Romeo and

    Juliet

    Rosencrantz & Guildenstern

    Are Dead

    English

    French

    Text

    Movies

    German

    Subject

    Swedish

    Stockholm

    2008

    Library of Congress

    Copy 1

    Green leather binding


    Collocation by works
    Collocation by Works Description and Access (RDA)

    • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.

      • All’s well that ends well

      • As you like it

      • Hamlet

      • Macbeth

      • Midsummer night’s dream


    Collocation by family of works and expressions
    Collocation by Family of Works and Expressions Description and Access (RDA)

    • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet.

      • Texts

      • Motion Pictures

      • Sound Recordings


    Collocation by expressions
    Collocation by Expressions Description and Access (RDA)

    • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet.

      • Texts – Danish

      • Texts – Dutch

      • Texts – English

      • Texts – French

      • Texts – Spanish

      • Motion Pictures – English

      • Sound Recordings - English


    Collocation of manifestations
    Collocation of Manifestations Description and Access (RDA)

    • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet.

      • Motion pictures – English

        • 1964 Director, Bill Collegan

        • 1990 Director, Kevin Kline, Kirk Browning

        • 1990 Director, Franco Zeffirelli

        • 1992 Director, Maria Muat

        • 1996Director, Kenneth Branagh

        • 2000Director, Campbell Scott, Eric Simonson


    Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Hamlet. French. Description and Access (RDA)

    LC Control No. : 47023612

    LCCN Permalink : http://lccn.loc.gov/47023612

    Type of Material : Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.)

    Personal Name : Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.

    Main Title : ... Hamlet, traduit par André Gide.

    Published/Created : [Paris] Gallimard [1946]

    Description : 2 p. l., 7-237, [2] p. 17 cm.

    CALL NUMBER : PR2779.H3 G5Copy 1

    -- Request in : Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or

    Area Studies Reading Rms


    Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Hamlet. French. Description and Access (RDA)

    LC Control No. : 47023612

    LCCN Permalink : http://lccn.loc.gov/47023612

    Type of Material : Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.)

    Personal Name : Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.

    Main Title : ... Hamlet, traduit par André Gide.

    Published/Created : [Paris] Gallimard [1946]

    Description : 2 p. l., 7-237, [2] p. 17 cm.

    CALL NUMBER : PR2779.H3 G5Copy 1

    -- Request in : Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or

    Area Studies Reading Rms

    Work

    Person


    Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Hamlet. French. Description and Access (RDA)

    Expression

    LC Control No. : 47023612

    LCCN Permalink : http://lccn.loc.gov/47023612

    Type of Material : Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.)

    Personal Name : Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.

    Main Title : ... Hamlet, traduit par André Gide.

    Published/Created : [Paris] Gallimard [1946]

    Description : 2 p. l., 7-237, [2] p. 17 cm.

    CALL NUMBER : PR2779.H3 G5Copy 1

    -- Request in : Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or

    Area Studies Reading Rms


    Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Hamlet. French. Description and Access (RDA)

    Manifestation

    LC Control No. : 47023612

    LCCN Permalink : http://lccn.loc.gov/47023612

    Type of Material : Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.)

    Personal Name : Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.

    Main Title : ... Hamlet, traduit par André Gide.

    Published/Created : [Paris] Gallimard [1946]

    Description : 2 p. l., 7-237, [2] p. 17 cm.

    CALL NUMBER : PR2779.H3 G5Copy 1

    -- Request in : Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or

    Area Studies Reading Rms


    Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Hamlet. French. Description and Access (RDA)

    LC Control No. : 47023612

    LCCN Permalink : http://lccn.loc.gov/47023612

    Type of Material : Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.)

    Personal Name : Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.

    Main Title : ... Hamlet, traduit par André Gide.

    Published/Created : [Paris] Gallimard [1946]

    Description : 2 p. l., 7-237, [2] p. 17 cm.

    CALL NUMBER : PR2779.H3 G5Copy 1

    -- Request in : Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or

    Area Studies Reading Rms

    Item


    Linked bibliographic and authority records Description and Access (RDA)

    NAME AUTHORITY RECORD

    100 $a Preferred name for the person $d Date of birth

    400 $a Variant name for the person

    500 $a Preferred name for the person $c Title of the person

    $0 Identifier for the person

    1

    BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD

    NAME-TITLE AUTHORITY RECORD

    2

    100 $a Preferred name for the person $d Date of birth

    240 $a Preferred title for the work $l Language of expression

    245 $a Title proper $c Statement of responsibility relating to title proper

    250 $a Designation of edition

    260 $a Place of publication $b Publisher’s name $c Date of publication

    300 $a Extent

    338 $a Carrier type

    500 $a Nature of the content

    700 $a Preferred name for the person $c Title of the person

    $e Relationship designator

    700 $a Preferred name for the person $c Profession or occupation

    $e Relationship designator

    730 $a Preferred title for the work $d Date of work

    740 $a Variant title

    100 $a Preferred name for the person $d Date of birth

    $t Preferred title for the work $l Language of expression

    530 $a Preferred title for the work $d Date of work

    $0 Identifier for the work

    3

    NAME AUTHORITY RECORD

    100 $a Preferred name for the person $c Title of the person

    400 $a Variant name for the person

    500 $a Preferred name for the person $d Date of birth

    $0 Identifier for the person

    NAME AUTHORITY RECORD

    HOLDINGS RECORD

    100 $a Preferred name for the person $c Profession or occupation

    400 $a Variant name for the person

    506 $a Restrictions on access

    561 $a Custodial history of item

    562 $a Item-specific carrier characteristic

    TITLE AUTHORITY RECORD

    130 $a Preferred title for the work $d Date of work

    500 $a Preferred name for the person $d Date of birth

    $t Preferred title for the work $l Language of expression

    $0 Identifier for the work


    MARC 21 Changes Description and Access (RDA)(slide from “RDA and OCLC”, Webinar presentation, October 2009. K. Calhoun, J. Godby, T. Fons, and G.Patton)

    • Bibliographic records

    • 040 ‡e code ‘rda’ to identify the rules used

    • New fields for content type, media type and carrier type

      • Field 336 – Content type

      • Field 337 – Media type

      • Field 338 – Carrier type

    • Authority records

    • 040 ‡e code ‘rda’ to identify the rules used

    • Other fields for entity attributes

    • OCLC implementation in time for use in the testing


    Content media and carrier types
    Content, media, and carrier types Description and Access (RDA)

    • Content type

      • MARC Leader/06 - must continue to use

        • Less granular than RDA

        • MARC LDR/06 code examples

          • e - cartographic material

          • f - manuscript cartographic material

    • New field 336 - use if want to record exact RDA terms

      $a Content type terms

      $2 Source

      • RDA term examples

        • cartographic dataset

        • cartographic image

        • cartographic moving image

        • cartographic tactile image

        • cartographic tactile three-dimensional form

        • cartographic three-dimensional form

      • 336 ## $a cartographic dataset $2 rda(McCallum, S., 2009)


    Content media and carrier types1
    Content, media, and carrier types Description and Access (RDA)

    • Media type

      • MARC 007/00 – close match with RDA

        • 007 provides coding for multiple facets of resource

          • MARC 007/00 code examples

            • h - microform

            • s - sound recording

      • New field 337 - use if want to record exact RDA terms and/or do not need to code additional facets of resource

        $a Media type term

        $2 Source

        • RDA term examples

          • microform

          • audio

        • 337 ## $a microform $2 rda

        • 337 ## $a audio $2 rda (McCallum, S., 2009)


    Content media and carrier types2
    Content, media, and carrier types Description and Access (RDA)

    • Carrier type

      • MARC 007/01 – close match with RDA

        • 007 provides coding for multiple facets of resource

          • MARC 007/01 code examples

            • b - microfilm cartridge

            • d - sound disc

      • New field 338 - use if want to record exact RDA terms and do not need to code additional facets of resource

        $a Carrier type term

        $2 Source

        • RDA term examples

          • microform cartridge

          • audio disc

        • 338 ## $a microfilm cartridge $2 rda

        • 338 ## $a audio disc $2 rda(McCallum, S., 2009)


    Next steps
    Next Steps Description and Access (RDA)

    • It’s over to the vendors!

    • Testing—Spring 2010 (LC) NEISD, San Antonio, TX, is representing school libraries

    • LIS educators are participating as a one testing group

    • Test results will be reported at ALA Annual 2010

    • Results incorporated into RDA


    Questions

    Questions? Description and Access (RDA)

    Thank you.

    Some resources

    http://www.rdaonline.org

    http://www.rda-jsc.org


    ad