OBJECTIVES. In this session we will:. Learn about group work in higher education Examine the typical teamworking process Consider the roles which we can play in teams Explore cultural aspects of teamworking. DEFINITIONS. WHAT IS A TEAM?.
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In this session we will:
WHAT IS A TEAM?
A collection of individuals who have regular contact and frequent interaction, mutual influence, common feeling of camaraderie, and who work together to achieve a common set of goals.
Oxford Dictionary (2012)
GROUP WORK IN HIGHER EDUCATION
TYPES OF GROUP WORK
group discussions in tutorials
group discussions in lectures
informal study groups
GROUP WORK IN HIGHER EDUCATION
WHY IS THERE GROUP WORK?
TUCKMAN’S GROUP DEVELOPMENT MODEL
Source: Tuckman, B. (1965) “Developmental sequence in small groups”, Psychological Bulletin, Vol.63, No. 6, pp.384-399.
TUCKMAN’S STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT
GROUP DEVELOPMENT – STUDENTS TODAY
GROUP DEVELOPMENT – A DECADE AGO
Research on effective teams
Contribution of the individual to the team
Key roles for success
People have preferred roles
All roles are equally important
Source: Belbin, R.M. (2004) Management Teams: why they succeed or fail, Butterworth-Heinemann: Oxford. See also: www.belbin.com
BELBIN TEAM ROLES
- drive to push things forward
- creative, imaginative
- maintains relations,
efficient, good listener
- logical observers, strategic, impartial
- practical thinker
- analytical, meticulous
- brings expertise,
skill and discipline
PROJECTS AND ROLES
There may be differences in gender, age, ethnic and social backgrounds, educational history, motivations for studying, communication preferences, skills, learning styles ...
True or False: 73% of Business School students said that they preferred to choose their own groups rather than be randomly allocated.
44% of business students agreed that working in groups has helped them to learn more about different cultures
73% agreed that working in a group exposed them to different perspectives about the subject
Forms of address
CHARACTERISTICS OF SUCCESSFUL TEAMS
The essence of teamwork lies in synergy –
the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts
CHARACTERISTICS OF INEFFECTIVE TEAMS
Belbin, R.M. (2003) Management Teams: why they succeed or fail, Butterworth-Heinemann: Oxford.
Biggs, J. (2003) Teaching for quality learning at university, SRHE: Buckingham.
Boud, D., Cohen, R. and Sampson, J. (1999) “Peer learning and assessment”, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 413-426.
Freeman, M. (1995) “Peer assessment by groups of group work”, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 289-300.
Jacques, D. (1984) Learning in Groups, Croom Helm: London.
Kent University (2012) Teamworking Skills, [online] Available at: www.kent.ac.uk [Accessed 1 June 2012].
Larson and LaFasto (1989) Teamwork, Sage: USA.
Mello, J. (1993) “Improving individual member accountability in small group settings”, Journal of Management Education, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 253-259.
Sweeney, A., Weaven, S. And Herington, C. (2008) “Multicultural influences on group learning: a qualitative higher education study”, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 119-132.
Tuckman, B. (1965) “Developmental sequence in small groups”, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 63, No. 6, pp. 384-399.