OBJECTIVES. In this session we will:. Learn about group work in higher education Examine the typical teamworking process Consider the roles which we can play in teams Explore cultural aspects of teamworking. DEFINITIONS. WHAT IS A TEAM?.
In this session we will:
WHAT IS A TEAM?
A collection of individuals who have regular contact and frequent interaction, mutual influence, common feeling of camaraderie, and who work together to achieve a common set of goals.
Oxford Dictionary (2012)
TYPES OF GROUP WORK
group discussions in tutorials
group discussions in lectures
informal study groups
WHY IS THERE GROUP WORK?
Source: Tuckman, B. (1965) “Developmental sequence in small groups”, Psychological Bulletin, Vol.63, No. 6, pp.384-399.
Research on effective teams
Contribution of the individual to the team
Key roles for success
People have preferred roles
All roles are equally important
Source: Belbin, R.M. (2004) Management Teams: why they succeed or fail, Butterworth-Heinemann: Oxford. See also: www.belbin.com
- drive to push things forward
- creative, imaginative
- maintains relations,
efficient, good listener
- logical observers, strategic, impartial
- practical thinker
- analytical, meticulous
- brings expertise,
skill and discipline
There may be differences in gender, age, ethnic and social backgrounds, educational history, motivations for studying, communication preferences, skills, learning styles ...
True or False: 73% of Business School students said that they preferred to choose their own groups rather than be randomly allocated.
44% of business students agreed that working in groups has helped them to learn more about different cultures
73% agreed that working in a group exposed them to different perspectives about the subject
Forms of address
The essence of teamwork lies in synergy –
the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts
Belbin, R.M. (2003) Management Teams: why they succeed or fail, Butterworth-Heinemann: Oxford.
Biggs, J. (2003) Teaching for quality learning at university, SRHE: Buckingham.
Boud, D., Cohen, R. and Sampson, J. (1999) “Peer learning and assessment”, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 413-426.
Freeman, M. (1995) “Peer assessment by groups of group work”, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 289-300.
Jacques, D. (1984) Learning in Groups, Croom Helm: London.
Kent University (2012) Teamworking Skills, [online] Available at: www.kent.ac.uk [Accessed 1 June 2012].
Larson and LaFasto (1989) Teamwork, Sage: USA.
Mello, J. (1993) “Improving individual member accountability in small group settings”, Journal of Management Education, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 253-259.
Sweeney, A., Weaven, S. And Herington, C. (2008) “Multicultural influences on group learning: a qualitative higher education study”, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 119-132.
Tuckman, B. (1965) “Developmental sequence in small groups”, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 63, No. 6, pp. 384-399.