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ACP WGF10/WP14. Ground Marker Regional Briefing to AWP. Definition of Program. What is Ground Marker?

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Ground marker regional briefing to awp

ACP WGF10/WP14

Ground MarkerRegional Briefingto AWP


Definition of program
Definition of Program

  • What is Ground Marker?

    • System utilizing existing avionics to broadcast a digital voice message to the cockpit. For the prototype system, the message will indicate to the pilot their exact position on the airport surface.

  • Extends ILS marker system to surface (i.e. ground marker)

  • Prototype System components :

    • Transmitter

    • Antenna

    • Inductive loop sensors

    • Laptop computer

    • Marker Receiver (standard equipment on all ILS equipped aircraft)


Message is received via headset or cockpit speaker within the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

3

75MHz RF CELL

1

Transmitter sends voice message through antenna to 75MHz marker beacon2 receiver in airplane or vehicle

Airplane/vehicle is detected by inductive loop which triggers GM transmitter

2

TAXIWAY

EMBEDDED

ANTENNA

AIRCRAFT DETECTION SYSTEM

(Inductive Loop)

CONTROL AND TRANSMITTER UNIT

WITH VOICE FILE LIBRARY1

1Maintainer inputs message into GM transmitter memory. 2The 75MHz marker beacon is modulated by a signal from the GM transmitter. No new equipage is necessary.

Concept of Operations


Organizational mission goals
Organizational Mission & Goals the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

MISSION

GOALS

FAA provides a safe, secure, and efficient global aerospace system that contributes to national security and the promotion of U.S. aerospace safety. As the leading authority in the international aerospace community, FAA is responsive to the dynamic nature of customer needs, economic conditions, and environmental concerns.

Reduce the fatal aviation accident rate by 80% in ten years

FAA

Reduce the fatal accident rate by developing and deploying those capabilities and systems needed to address pilot decision-making.

To provide research, development, and acquisition for products and services that enable the FAA to enhance the safety of the NAS and satisfy current and future operational needs of the U.S. civil aerospace system for national and international operations.

ARA

Evaluate and demonstrate emerging technologies via the Safe Flight 21 and Surface Technology Product Teams

AND 500

Incubate and exploit technologies and expedite the deployment of operationally validated NAS Capabilities for the aviation community

Install the Ground Marker system, a low cost technology, at an operational airport by 9/03 and evaluate it by 2004.

…. Within the scope of the Runway Incursion Reduction Program (RIRP), AND-520 evaluates a range of technologies aimed at providing increased pilot and controller awareness of surface traffic….

AND 520


Why ground marker
Why Ground Marker? the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

  • Inspector General’s Reports

    • June 2001

    • April 2003

  • Determine Ground Marker’s effectiveness in increasing pilot situational awareness in an effort to curb:

    • PD/VPD Runway incursion rate

    • PD/VPD Surface incident rate

    • Confusion regarding position on surface

  • Early Human Factors studies indicate that over 90% of pilots believe that a voice message indicating position on surface aides in increasing situational awareness (2001-2002 Honeywell study of 60 pilots)

  • System will also be useful to pilots during hours that airport is closed


Ground marker accomplishments

Proof of Concept @ WJHTC/ACY the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

Ground Marker RFP

Bournemouth Int’l Airport, UK

MNS #323

NATCA Letter

Prototype Design

Key Site Selected

WJHTC

Test NCP

Program Plan

IRD

Contract Awarded

Draft Key Site MOU

BAA

Ground Marker - Accomplishments

For Airport Surface Movement Enhancement & Runway Incursion Prevention

Ground Marker should be aggressively pursued

Final Prototype System Design completed

Ground Marker RFP accomplished, contractor proposal received, negotiated and approved in December 2002.

Test NCP submitted

System Integration contract awarded

Concept demonstration

11/01

4/03

8/01

12/02

3/03

11/98

2/03

4/03

9/00

9/01

1/03

10/02

3/03

5/98

“Demonstration of New and Emerging Technologies Aimed at Increasing Safety on Airport Movement Areas”

Alternative antenna designs and voice quality improvements evaluated.

Findings – System can transmit clear voice messages to cockpit via 75 MHz Marker-Beacon

Contra Costa County, CA (CCR)

Airport Surface Movement Enhancement & Runway Incursion Prevention

Further development needed to - 1) test for radiated frequency (RF) interference, 2) optimize human factors issues, and 3) integrate inductive loops into system to trigger messages.

Program plan completed

Draft MOU submitted to key site for comments


Ground marker near term schedule

WJHTC Quick Look the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

Operational Evaluation

NCP Approval

NATCA Article 7 Brief

Key Site Survey

WJHTC Testing

Key Site System Installation

NTIA Request

Ground Marker - Near Term Schedule

Approval of WJHTC Quick Look is scheduled for July 2003

Key Site System Installation is scheduled to begin in August 2003 and will be completed by September 2003.

WJHTC testing scheduled for May 12-30

MOU approval by CCR

Key Site MOU Approval

6/03

5/03

7/03

8/03

9/03

7/03

5/03

6/03

10/03

6/04

5/03

The Operational Evaluation is scheduled to begin in early October 2003 and will be completed by June 2004

Scheduled to submit NTIA requests for CCR and LGB

NATCA Article 7 Brief scheduled for July 2003

Key Site Survey scheduled at CCR for May 5-9, 2003

NCP approval by CCB


Pilot education
Pilot Education the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

  • Local and transient population

  • Three weeks on-site at CCR educating users

  • Leave-behinds at airport user groups

  • Website

  • Local and regional newsletters

  • NOTAMs, ATIS, AFD (Airport Facility Directory)

  • AOPA, Flight Standards coordination

  • Questionnaire

  • Incentives


Why concord
Why Concord? the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

  • Concord among Top10 sites that most closely matched the

    following Ground Marker Site Selection criteria

    • Total Runway incursions from 1997 to November 2002

    • Percentage of A and B incursions

    • Percentage of incursions that were NOT Operational Errors

    • Recommendations from RIAA study

    • Percentage of Commercial traffic

    • Number of instrument operations

    • Focus on Non-ASDE/AMASS sites

  • Approximately 60% of GA Aircraft equipped with a

    Marker receiver

  • Concord currently #1 in Runway Incursion Rate


Ccr runway incursions surface incidents
CCR Runway Incursions/Surface Incidents the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

Note: There were no operational errors associated with Runway Incursions in this timeframe.


Proposed Ground Marker Locations the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle


Ground marker program objectives
Ground Marker Program Objectives the airplane and via speaker within a vehicle

  • Program Goal

    • To EVALUATE the system, NOT to roll out nationally

  • Objectives

    • Design and build GM prototype to support field evaluation

    • Perform tests to verify technical performance at WJHTC

    • Install and evaluate prototype at operational site (CCR)

    • Determine operational suitability for acquisition


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