Chapter 13: Elections and Voting Electing the President. Types of Elections: PRIMARY,GENERAL,INITIATIVE, REFERENDUM, recall plurality. Two stages of the electoral process: Primary Elections and General Elections ( FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ONLY!!)
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Electing the President
Primary Elections: voters decide which candidate within a political party will represent the party in the general election (First Step)
Each state set the date and time for this election, candidates with the plurality, or more votes than any other candidates wins.
- States in which no candidates receive the plurality a runoff primary is held. Is a second election between two candidates who received the most votes in the primary.
Petition- a person announces his or her candidacy and files petitions that a specified # of voters have signed in order to be placed on the ballot.
EX 2012 National Convention
Electoral College: GOP PARTY, MINNESOTA
House (435)/Senate (100) + 3 from District of Columbia (D.C)
- EXCEPT Maine/Nebraska
Why they Lose?
EX. Congressional seat:2008 Obama gained 21 House members and only 8 Senators.
Elections in Congress impact Presidents popularity. EX. President Obama was elected in 2008- 112th & 113thCongress – Majority Republicans.
Prospective judgment (based on candidates pledges to do about an issue)