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The Explorers. NOTES. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. Christopher Columbus Wanted to find route to China and Asia Trade/fortune King and Queen financed trip Queen thought trip could spread Catholicism. Christopher Columbus sails. August 3, 1492 Sails to the Americas

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King ferdinand and queen isabella
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

  • Christopher Columbus

    • Wanted to find route to China and Asia

      • Trade/fortune

  • King and Queen financed trip

    • Queen thought trip could spread Catholicism


Christopher columbus sails
Christopher Columbus sails

  • August 3, 1492

    • Sails to the Americas

    • Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria


Bahamas
Bahamas

  • Land in Bahamas, think they are in the Indies in Southeast Asia

    • Named new land San Salvador, for the Holy Savior

    • Named natives indios


First colony
First Colony

  • Wanted to colonize

  • First colony: Santo Domingo on Hispaniola


No support
No support

  • The King and Queen withdraw support

    • Rumored to have been torturing and enslaving natives

    • He never found a passage to Asia


Conquistadores
Conquistadores

  • Spanish explorers looking for riches want to conquer the continent


Pi eda
Piñeda

  • 1519

    • Spanish explorer Pineda makes first map of Texas coastline


Hernan cortes
Hernan Cortes

  • Cortes explores continent

    • Searching for riches


Emperor moctezuma
Emperor Moctezuma

  • Moctezuma thinks Cortes is a god

  • Cortes takes advantage

    • Fighting breaks out

    • Spanish take over Tenochtitlan


Tenochtitlan
Tenochtitlan

  • Changed name of city to Mexico City


Panifilo de narvaez
Panifilo de Narvaez

  • Narvaez was granted Florida

  • Could colonize these lands to Mexico

  • Explored/stranded

  • Died in hurricane on makeshift rafts


Survivors
Survivors

  • Land in Galveston Bay

  • Encounter Karankawas

  • Diseases/conditions- many die explorers and Natives


Alvar nunez cabeza de vaca
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

  • 2nd in Command – Narvaez expedition

  • Estavanico – First African in Texas

  • With Natives – 6 years

  • Traveled to Mexico – 18 months


Seven cities of cibola
Seven Cities of Cibola

  • Cabeza de Vaca

    • Told officials of Cibola

  • Estavenicoand Friar Niza sent to find city

  • Estavenico killed

  • Niza – rooftops of gold


Francisco vasquez de coronado
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

  • Coronado searches for cities of gold

    • Doesn’t find them

    • Met El Turco in Tiguex

    • El Turco leads to Quivira

      • Supposed to have riches

      • None

      • El Turco killed


Hernando de soto
Hernando de Soto

  • De Soto leaves from Spain 1539

  • Searches for Cibola

    • Explores Florida & many southern states

    • No riches

    • Biggest southern exploration


Spain establishes missions
Spain Establishes Missions

  • Spanish begin to establish cities and Missions

    • Other competition

    • First city – Santa Fe 1610

    • In Texas – Mission of Corpus Christi de la Ysleta 1682


La salle
La Salle

  • La Salle travels the Mississippi River

    • At mouth of river April 9, 1682

    • Named land La Louisiane (Louisiana) after King Louis XIV


Colony
Colony

  • La Salle asks the King for funding to establish colony

  • Colony at mouth of river – strategic

    • Keep track of Spanish

    • Trade

    • Good soil – crops

    • missionaries


La salle faces obstacles
La Salle faces obstacles

  • La Salle’s ships raided by bucaneers

    • Colonists wanted to go home

  • Past the mouth of Mississippi


Galveston bay matagorda bay
Galveston Bay-Matagorda Bay

  • land in Galveston bay – go on to Matagorda Bay

    • Lose a ship and supplies from it


Karankawas
Karankawas

  • French encounter Karankawas

    • Friendly

    • They have French supplies from shipwreck

    • French try to battle natives to get supplies back

    • Become hostile – they receive no help acclimating


La salle looks for a way home
La Salle looks for a way home

  • Tries to find Mississippi by land – many die in these attempts

  • Finally decides to go home

    • He is shot on this voyage

  • Colony is a failure

    • Everyone (adults) killed

    • 6 children - only survivors


Explorers timeline
Explorers Timeline

1492 - Columbus reaches the Americas

1519 – Alvarez de Pineda explores Gulf Coast of Texas

1537 - Cabeza de Vaca

Reports on Texas

1541 – Coronado leads expedition into Texas

1542 – De Soto-Moscoso expedition reaches East Texas

1610 – Juan do Onate establishes Santa Fe

1682 – Spaniards established the first mission, Corpus Christi de la Ysleta

1685 – La Salle established

Fort St. Louis


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