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The European Theater World War II. Italian Invasion. Sicily July 10, 1943 Mussolini fired, arrested, rescued, killed Invasion of Italian mainland September 3, 1943 Italy surrenders Sept. 8 German troops move into Italy to protect Germany. D-Day Preparation Operation Fortitude.

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The European Theater World War II

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The european theater world war ii l.jpg

The European TheaterWorld War II


Italian invasion l.jpg

Italian Invasion

  • Sicily July 10, 1943

  • Mussolini fired, arrested, rescued, killed

  • Invasion of Italian mainland September 3, 1943

  • Italy surrenders Sept. 8

  • German troops move into Italy to protect Germany


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D-Day PreparationOperation Fortitude

  • Fake landing to fool the Germans (The Atlantic Wall)

  • Pas-de-Calais landing site

  • Inflatable ships, landing craft, and tanks

  • Fake radio messages sent

  • Patton to command invasion


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D-Day Landings

  • Operation Overlord

  • Commanded by Dwight Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Commander)

  • Dependent on weather (full moon and spring tide)

  • Codenames: Gold, Sword, Utah, Omaha, and Juno

  • Planned for June 5, 1944 carried out on June 6, 1944


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First Troops in France

  • Airborne divisions to take out artillery

  • Not very effective because of mistakes on drops

  • Pegasus Bridge

  • Sainte-Mere-Eglise-first town liberated in the invasion


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Invasion

  • Largest massing of troops in history

  • German defenses (obstacles, bunkers, machine guns, mines, and artillery)

  • Massive bombing to destroy German positions

  • Hitler positioned tanks throughout northern France for a counterattack after the Allied invasion


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Battle of the Bulge

  • December 16, 1944-January 7, 1945

  • German counterattack in the Belgian Ardennes Forest

  • Americans surprised and surrounded

  • Montgomery and Patton push Germans back


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Life on the Front

  • Freezing temperatures and snow

  • Lack of supplies

  • Constant shelling

  • Thick forest

  • Very close to German lines


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The War in the Air

  • Air Superiority

  • Not accurate, no guidance, night bombing

  • Strategic bombing of industry and transportation

  • Forced Germans to place resources closer to Berlin

  • Devastated German cities


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The Fall of Berlin

  • Attack led by Soviets

  • Hitler encouraged all to resist invasion

  • Lack of manpower, Hitler Jugend

  • Constant bombing

  • Germans surrender the city on May 2, 1945


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Hitler’s Death

  • April 30, 1945 in Berlin bunker

  • Married Eva Braun

  • Poisoned Eva and dog

  • Either shot or poisoned himself

  • Last meal spaghetti, talked about dog breeding and lipstick


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Karl Doenitz

  • Hitler’s successor

  • Forced to an unconditional surrender on May 7, 1945.

  • V-E Day “Victory in Europe”


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