Engineering principle 1 neutral buoyancy stability
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Engineering Principle #1: Neutral Buoyancy & Stability PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Weight (W) – Measure of the gravitational force on an object (not submerged). W. Buoyancy (B) - Upward force exerted by a liquid on an immersed or floating object . Engineering Principle #1: Neutral Buoyancy & Stability. B.

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Engineering Principle #1: Neutral Buoyancy & Stability

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Engineering principle 1 neutral buoyancy stability

  • Weight (W) – Measure of the gravitational force on an object (not submerged)

W

  • Buoyancy (B) - Upward force exerted by a liquid on an immersed or floating object.

Engineering Principle #1: Neutral Buoyancy & Stability

B

  • Neutrally Buoyant - An object that will neither sink nor float. W = B

B

W = B

W

  • Center of Buoyancy (CB) – Center of gravity of the displaced fluid.

Float

  • Center of Gravity (CG) – Point where the weight of the entire body can be considered to act.

Weight

Design Goal: Nearly Neutrally Buoyant with CB above CG.


Engineering principle 2 propulsion

  • Thrust (T) – Force that moves an object.

T

  • Friction (R) – Resistance to motion. (Tape, wax, plastic container, warping due to heat)

  • Revolutions per minute (rpm) – Number of turns in a minute.

Engineering Principle #2: Propulsion

Motor part number 232022:

No load: 12500 rpm

Max efficiency: 9820 rmp.

Construction Goal: RMP before construction = RMP after construction.

T

Design Goal: Undisturbed flow to propeller


Engineering principle 3 drag

Drag (D) – Resistance of motion through a medium.

T

Improved

Engineering Principle #3: Drag

Standard

Drag (D) = (Drag Coefficient) (Area) (Velocity)2

USS Albacore (AGSS 569)

Design Goal: Minimize Drag


Engineering principle 4 maneuverability

A. Turns (usually 2 motors)

Engineering Principle #4: Maneuverability

Improved

Standard

B. Dive/Surface (usually 1 motor)

For maneuverability with a single motor, it must be located near the midpoint of the line between the CG and CB.

T

Design Goal: Match degree of maneuverability with mission.


Engineering principle 5 motion newton 2 nd l aw

Fnet = (Mass)total (Acceleration)

Mass – The amount of material.

Acceleration – Rate of change of velocity.

Fnet = Thrust (T) – Drag (D)

Engineering Principle #5: Motion (Newton 2nd L:aw)

(Mass)total = Mass of vehicle plus added mass of water moving with vehicle.

F net

Design Goal: Maximize acceleration (Minimize total mass) while ensuring stability.


Engineering design flowchart

Identify Problem

Identify criteria & constraints

Brainstorm solutions

Engineering Design Flowchart

Select an approach

Build prototype

Test

Yes

Modify?

No

Done


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