The Priests and Their Garments. Exodus 28:2 “And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty .”. References. The Bible The Law of Moses (Chapter 17), bro Roberts Patterns of things in the Heavens (p 7-40) sis E. Lasius (daughter of bro Thomas)
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The Priests and Their Garments
Exodus 28:2 “And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty.”
It is not possible, within the limits of these pages, to enter into an examination of the exterior parts of the Tabernacle. Our work is specially directed to the symbols of the
For expositions of these we are indebted to a work entitled "Eureka," an exposition of the Apocalypse, by Dr. John Thomas. To the teachings and expositions of this writer
we owe our understanding of the word of the Deity.
To present these expositions in the light of the oracles of God is our endeavor in these pages. To the " Great High-Priest of Israel“ this little offering is dedicated. May He soon appear, in all the splendor of His robes of glory,
E. J. L.
Lev 16:4 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these are holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and so put them on.
The appointment of a Tabernacle and its various appurtenances as a meeting place between God and Israel necessitated the appointment also of an order of men to act as intermediaries(declared in Exod. 29:43)
How otherwise could Israel who was unfit acceptably draw near?
Moses was directed to… “take Aaron, thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office”, The priesthood was to be Aaron’s and his successors by a perpetual ordinance: any stranger obtruding (thrust oneself in as if by force ) himself upon the sacred office was to be put to death (Num. 18:7).
...man cannot approach God except in God’s own way.
That we can only learn this by the revelation of His mind, and that all other so-called religion -- is the mere device of human ignorance and presumption.
The anti-typical "glory and beauty" of the priestly garments is more about the intellectual glory of the spirit-mind than with the physical glory portrayed with the Levitical priesthood.
These seven holy garments are a type of the NATURE and CHARACTER of Christ, reflecting his GLORY and BEAUTY.
Coat (H3801) - to cover; a shirt, garment, robe
Girdle (H73) - a belt
Robe (H4598) - cloke, coat, mantle, robe (covering)
Ephod (H646) - a shoulder piece
Curious girdle (H2805) - a belt or strap
Breastplate (H2833) - meaning to contain or sparkle
Mitre (H4701) - a tiara, turban, diadem
Crown (H5145) - consecration, crown, hair
Broidered (H8665) - checkered stuff
Ouche (H4865) - the setting of a gem
Habergeon (H8473) - a linen corslet which is… A piece of body armor for the trunk; usually consists of a breastplate and back piece; a light sleeveless coat of chain mail)
2. Girdle of the coat
3. Robe, or skirt, with pendant bells and pomegranates on the lower edge
5. Curious girdle (or sash) of the ephod, with which it was secured
7. Urim and Thummim, or framed collection of twelve precious stones
9. Golden plate (or holy crown) in front, inscribed with the words, Holiness to the Lord, to be worn always upon Aaron’s forehead, “they that might be accepted before Yahweh” (Exo 28:38)
Eureka vol 1 p 170
"In this mortal state, they put on Christ as a robe, when having believed the things of the kingdom of the Deity, and the Name of Jesus Anointed, they were immersed for that name and into it. They fall asleep in Him, and arise to partake of the nature of His individual body, of His flesh and of His bones, that they may be like Him."—1 Jno.3:2. When clothed with this Spirit-nature, they are clothed upon with their habitation which is from heaven,—mortality being swallowed up under the life or spirit that is poured upon them.“ --2 Cor 5:2,4
Eureka vol 1 p 170
"This is the consummation of their investiture, which begins with their immersion into Christ, and is perfected in their post-resurrectional immortalization by the spirit through Christ. They are then the Body Corporate of God's kings and priests—the inhabitation of Eternal wisdom and power, clothed in the linen garment of righteousness, honor, majesty and salvation.”
Blueness is healing. This blue robe (or skirt), resting upon an inner coat of white linen (righteousness) is an allegorical intimation that there can be no healing of human woe except by righteousness: and that righteousness— that which God appoints to be such—will at last heal with such completeness of effect that there be no more curse, “and the inhabitant shall not say, I am sick”
But the healing will never conceal the righteousness: therefore, the coat reaches below the blue skirt, and is visible to the spectator’s eye: an edging of white at the bottom is the finish of the priestly attire.
“And Moses called for the elders of Israel and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb, according to your families, and kill the passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it into the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the basin," etc.—Exod. 12: 21, 22.
For the full expansion of this cleansing power, we look forward to the future Age, when the “pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb," shall vitalize the leaves of the trees on either side of it, and through them communicate health to the nations.
"And his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place, before the Lord, and when he cometh out, that he die not.“
Pomegranates of purple and scarlet represent the following:
In so far as the brethren of Christ are covered with the name of Christ, and in him are an holy priesthood, the figure would have a minor application to them as the sounders of the truth and the doers of his commandments—“a bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate”—words and deeds, words and deeds, of Divine character.
"And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires to work it in the blue and in the purple, in the scarlet and in the fine linen with cunning work."—Exo. 39:3
The most important garment worn by the High Priest is the ephod. Its appearance can be likened to an apron; it was worn in back, on top of his other garments, and was fastened by a long belt in the front, opposite his heart. This belt was woven into the entire length of the ephod's upper hem.
There were also two shoulder-straps that were sewn onto the belt. These straps went behind, up and slightly over the upper corners of the garment, over the priest's shoulders. The settings for the two sardonyx stones were attached at the ends of these straps, on the shoulders.
The ephod covered the back of his body. Some opinions describe it as a sort of half-cape; others, more like a skirt. It was long - it extended from just below his elbows, all the way to his heels. It was slightly wider than a man's back, since it was to cover his back and extend a little towards the front on both sides as well, covering a portion of his belly from either side.
It was of identical constitution with the veil and the door-hangings of the tabernacle and the gate of the court, as its typical significance required: for while the fine linen and the blue betokened separate elements of the way of righteousness, the combination of the whole in the ephod prefigured the perfect qualification of Christ for the priesthood, as it prefigured his perfect qualification in the several aspects typified by the gate, and the door, and the veil.
Eph 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness
They are apocalyptically represented as like a “Son of man,”—as the Holy city, New Jerusalem, having been prepared as a Bride adorned for her husband. A city of pure gold like to transparent crystal. The precious sons of Zion, saith the prophet, are comparable to fine gold; for in their glory they are the Spirit-incarnations of a tried and precious faith, which is the shining girdle of their Ephod."—Eureka, vol. i., pp. 172-3.
Jeremiah in chapter 13, illustrates the idea of a girdle representing a body of people. "For," saith Jehovah,—" as the girdle cleaveth to the loins of a man, so have I caused to cleave unto me the whole house of Israel, and the whole house of Judah, saith the Lord; that they might be unto me for a people, and for a name, and for a praise, and for a glory”
This garment is called choshenmishpat in Hebrew, which means the "breastplate of judgment" or "decision." Square-shaped and worn over the heart, it was called so because of the unique role which it played in helping to render fateful decisions.
Two sardonyx stones were fixed in settings of gold on the High Priest's shoulders; one on the right, and one on the left. The names of the tribes of Israel were engraved upon these two stones, according to the instructions given in Exodus 28:9-10
Engraved with the words, “Holiness to the Lord”, and tied with a lace of blue to the forefront of the mitre. The explanation connected with it was this: “It shall be upon Aaron’s forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the Lord” (Exod. 28:38).
Yet we are invited to come: yet not in our own capacity, but through one who has borne the iniquity of the invited worshippers in partaking of their unclean nature and coming under the curse of the law which condemned their transgressions, and triumphing over it by resurrection.
He has thus borne the iniquity of the antitypical holy things without harm by reason of that “Holiness to the Lord”, which in a triedfaith was exhibited to all Israel when manifest in their midst as the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world, and since more conspicuously shown in the preaching of the Apostles:
“Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; to declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus” (Rom. 3:25–26).
This was and is a wonderful work of God!