Relative clauses
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

Relative Clauses PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 87 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Relative Clauses. Stage 15. Study the following examples: ancilla urnam portabat . The slave-girl was carrying the jug. ancilla , quae post Salvium ambulabat , urnam portabat . The slave-girl, who was walking behind Salvius , was carrying the jug. What is a Relative Pronoun?.

Download Presentation

Relative Clauses

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Relative clauses

Relative Clauses

Stage 15


Relative clauses

  • Study the following examples:

    ancillaurnamportabat.

    The slave-girl was carrying the jug.

    ancilla, quae post Salviumambulabat, urnamportabat.

    The slave-girl, who was walking behind Salvius, was carrying the jug.


What is a relative pronoun

What is a Relative Pronoun?

  • A word such as who or which

  • Begins a relative clause

  • Refers to a noun earlier in the sentence

  • Acts as a noun


What is a relative clause

What is a Relative Clause?

  • Subordinate clause dependent on the main clause

  • Gives more information about a noun


Forms

Forms

Singular


Forms1

Forms

Plural


Relative clauses

B. Relative pronouns have antecedents – words that they refer back to and agree with. For example:

vilicus, qui cum praecursoribusequitabat, ad Salviumrediit.

The farm manager, who was riding with the forerunners, returned to Salvius.

propeiuveneseratplaustrum, quod totamviamclaudebat.

Near the young men was a wagon, which was blocking the whole road.

In the first examples, the relative pronoun is

qui

and it refers back to

vilicus,

which is its antecedent. In the second example the relative pronoun is

quod and its antecedent is

plaustrum.


Relative clauses

Examples – underline the relative pronoun, draw an arrow back to the antecedent, and translate the sentence.

1. rex, qui sceptrumtenebat, in atriosedebat.

rex, quisceptrumtenebat, in atriosedebat.

The king, who was holding the scepter, was sitting in the atrium.


Relative clauses

2. vinum, quod Salviusbibebat, erat optimum.

vinum, quodSalviusbibebat, erat optimum.

The wine, which Salvius was drinking, was the best.


Relative clauses

3. ancillae, quae dominumtimebant, e villāfestinaverunt.

ancillae, quaedominumtimebant, e villāfestinaverunt.

The slave-girls, who were fearing the master, hurried out of the house.


Relative clauses

4. canis, quemBregansducebat, ferocissimuserat.

canis, quemBregansducebat, ferocissimuserat.

The dog, whom (which) Bregans was leading, was very fierce.


Relative clauses

5. in viāerant multi Britanni, qui Romanosimpediebant.

in viāerant multi Britanni, quiRomanosimpediebant.

Many Britons, who were delaying the Romans, were in the street.


Relative clauses

6. cena, quam Volubilisparabat, eratsplendida.

cena, quamVolubilisparabat, eratsplendida.

The dinner, which Volubilis was preparing, was splendid.


  • Login