Human wildlife conflict in samburu county one health approach to an integrative ecosystem study
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HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN SAMBURU COUNTY: ONE HEALTH APPROACH TO AN INTEGRATIVE ECOSYSTEM STUDY PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN SAMBURU COUNTY: ONE HEALTH APPROACH TO AN INTEGRATIVE ECOSYSTEM STUDY. W.O. Ogara, G.Nduhiu , E.B. Ongoro UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH, PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY. OUTLINE. I. Introductory remarks (Definitions) 2. Study area

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HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN SAMBURU COUNTY: ONE HEALTH APPROACH TO AN INTEGRATIVE ECOSYSTEM STUDY

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Human wildlife conflict in samburu county one health approach to an integrative ecosystem study

HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN SAMBURU COUNTY: ONE HEALTH APPROACH TO AN INTEGRATIVE ECOSYSTEM STUDY

W.O. Ogara, G.Nduhiu, E.B. Ongoro

UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH, PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY.


Outline

OUTLINE

I. Introductory remarks (Definitions)

2. Study area

3. Conceptualization of Samburu integrative ecosystem study.

4. Study outputs

5. Carnivore in conflict project, objectives, insites and hindsites.

5. Acknowledgements


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

It is best put across as human and environmental ecosystem co-existing in a balance that keeps all of them healthy and living optimally.

Disturbance of one element affects the other components.

A holistic One health study approach in a ecosystem is thus desired.


Human wildlife conflict in samburu county one health approach to an integrative ecosystem study

Discipline

Discipline

Discipline

Discipline

Discipline

Discipline

Discipline

Discipline

Non-academic environment

Mono-disciplinary

Multi-disciplinary

Inter-disciplinary

Discipline

Discipline

Trans-disciplinary

WHAT IS TRANSDISCIPLINARITY: DEFINITION Ecosystem studies: Mono-, multi-, inter-, trans-disciplinary studies

Transdisciplinarity:

“a new form of learning and problem solving involving cooperation among different parts of society and academia in order to meet complex challenges of society” (Julie Klein et al., 2001)

8

4

Faculteit der Aard- en Levenswetenschappen


Study area

MAP OF THE STUDY AREA

GEOGRAPHYCAL DETAILS

Rainfall:

Bimodal; March to April and Oct. to Nov.

Mean annual rainfall; 250 – 500mm.

Temperatures:

Mean 18-200C. Minimum; 11- 140C

Vegetation:

Varied; acacia spp, dry wood land, shrub-grassland.

Soils:

Luvisos and Combisols

Main economical activity:

Pastoralism

Main Constrain:

Predation on Livestock

STUDY AREA


Human wildlife conflict in samburu county one health approach to an integrative ecosystem study

Conceptualization of the IES (stepwise approach)1. Communities & stakeholders’ 2. Researchers & conservation groups 3. Communities, researchers & other stakeholders

  • Barriers to resource access

  • Critical habitats in and outside ‘PAs’

  • Status and distribution of ‘HWCs’

  • Encroachment on wildlife corridors

  • Water resource availability, quality and use

  • Indigenous plant use

  • Indigenous resource management

  • Wildlife-livestock health interface

  • Land-use tenure and conflicts

  • Impacts of wildlife management enterprises


Integrated ecosystem study in samburu

Integrated ecosystem study in Samburu


Carnivore project transdisciplinarity

Carnivore Project – Transdisciplinarity

COMMUNITY

Depredation

Homestead

Water resources

Grazing land- prey base

Denning sites

COMMUNITY


Human wildlife conflict in samburu county one health approach to an integrative ecosystem study

Trans- disciplinary

  • Carnivores sharing

  • watering point & dens with livestock & human

  • Samburu ecosystem is shared between human, livestock and wildlife.

  • Human live at cross proximity with their livestock.

  • Human & livestock share watering points & denning site with carnivores.

  • Conflicts ; kills by the cats, zoonotic disease transfer.

  • Human & livestock sharing ecosystem,.

  • Interfaced human, livestock & wildlife

Resultant conflict

Ngare Ndare forest


Carnivore scat analysis

Carnivore Scat Analysis

  • Scat types indicated presence of predators in the ecosystem; lion, leopard, hyena, wild-dog.

  • Scat analyzed for presence of prey hair indicated;

  • Mixed diet

  • Preference of wild ungulates to domestic prey, thus informed conflict management by involved community .

Medulla width

Absolute width

Medulla end

Hair end


Cross species pathogens

Cross-species pathogens

Shared environment by humans, carnivores, wild and domestic ungulates.

Through watering points, grazing fields and den site.

Zoonotic pathogens & diseases vectors spread across the shared ecosystem.


Outputs

Outputs

Publications

Determination of carnivores prey base by scat analysis in Samburu community group ranches in Kenya, AJEST Vol. 4(8), 540-546,2010, http://www.academicjournals.org/AJEST.

Joshua Orungo Onono, William Okelo Ogara, Samuel OyiekeOkuthe, Johnson GitahiNduhiu, Alfred OmwandoMainga, DorcasNduati. Challenges of camel production in Samburu District, Kenya. Journal of Camelid Science; 3(2010) 01-05. http://www.isocard.org.

Ongoro E B., Ontita E., Ogara W O., Oguge N O., (2010) Climate Change and the Emergence of Helter- Skelter Livelihoods in Samburu East District,Kenya. In, Experiences of Climate Change Adaptation in Africa pp97 – 110 Springer VerlagHeideberg 2011.

Thesis and projects

Identification of ticks collected from carnivore denning site in Samburu – Bsc. Student.

Assessing trade-offs between pastoral economy and wildlife conservation in the EwasoNyiro Basin, Northern Kenya. A case study of Naibunga and Namunyak conservancies – MSc student

Climate change – MSc student

Externant bone study collected at hyena dens in Samburu – PhD, ongoing


Common central concepts

Common Central Concepts

Participation

Knowledge integration

Reflection

Emergent design and process facilitation

These underpin the concept of one-health


Carnivore project objectives

Carnivore project objectives

Characterize location and nature of livestock housing structure.

Characterize the nature and frequency of conflicts (depredation) per locality.

Carnivore ecology.

Characterize carnivore health parameters.

Characterize the KAP of community in relation to wildlife (feeding, migration & conflict areas).

Identify mitigation measures to recommend policy dimensions.


Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the following;

Earthwathch

Samburu Community

Kenya wildlife service

University of Nairobi-PHPT

Colleagues in the Department


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