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Drill. Draw & name 5 isomers of: C 3 H 5 OF. Test 6 is attached to the Poly website. Complete it & turn it in tomorrow. Aldehydes and Ketones. Aldehydes. Organic compounds with carbonyl groups on the end carbon. Aldehydes. O R-C H. Ketones.

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Drill
Drill

Draw & name 5 isomers of:

C3H5OF



Aldehydes and ketones
Aldehydes and Ketones it in tomorrow.


Aldehydes
Aldehydes it in tomorrow.

  • Organic compounds with carbonyl groups on the end carbon


Aldehydes it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • R-C

  • H


Ketones it in tomorrow.

  • Organic compounds with carbonyl groups within carbon chains


Ketones it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • C

  • R R


Common Aldehydes it in tomorrow.


Formaldehyde it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • H-C

  • H

Methanal


Acetaldehyde it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • CH3-C

  • H

Ethanal


Propionaldehyde it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • CH3-CH2-C

  • H

Propanal


Butyraldehyde it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • CH3CH2CH2C

  • H

Butanal


Benzaldehyde it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • C

  • H

Almond Extract


Cinnamaldehyde it in tomorrow.

O


4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzaldehyde it in tomorrow.

H3C-O

O

C

HO

H

Vanillin (Vanilla)


All trans retinal
all- it in tomorrow.trans-retinal

H

C=O


all- it in tomorrow.trans-retinol

H

C-OH

H


Draw: it in tomorrow. acetaldehyde & benzaldehyde


Common Ketones it in tomorrow.


Acetone it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • CH3-C

  • CH3

Propanone


Methyl ethyl ketone it in tomorrow.

  • O

  • CH3CH2C

  • CH3

Butanone


Cyclohexanone it in tomorrow.

O


Benzophenone it in tomorrow.

O

C

Diphenylmethanone


Muscone it in tomorrow.

O


General Properties it in tomorrow.


Polarity it in tomorrow.

Alcohols >

Aldehydes >

Ketones


Solubility in Water it in tomorrow.

Alcohols >

Aldehydes >

Ketones


Boiling Points it in tomorrow.

Alcohols >

Aldehydes >

Ketones


Melting Points it in tomorrow.

Alcohols >

Aldehydes >

Ketones


Oxidation State it in tomorrow.

Acids >

Aldehydes >

Alcohols >

hydrocarbons



Energy State 3-butenoic acid

Acids <

Aldehydes <

Alcohols <

hydrocarbons


Chm PE Gradient 3-butenoic acid

Methane: CH4 >

Methanol: CH3OH >

Methanal CH2O >

Methanoic A: HCOOH


Chm PE Gradient 3-butenoic acid

Reduced Compounds >

Less reduced

compounds >

Oxidized compounds


Organic hw
Organic HW 3-butenoic acid

Draw & name 3

different aldehydes & 3

ketones that are isomers

of the aldehydes.


Determine MP order 3-butenoic acid

CH3-CH3

CH3-CH2OH

CH3-CHO

CH3-COOH


Drill1
Drill: 3-butenoic acid

Draw & name 5 isomers of:

C3H9NO



Making aldehydes
Making Aldehydes 3-butenoic acid

  • Oxidation of primary alcohols


Making Aldehydes 3-butenoic acid

  • To oxidize alcohols, Hs must be removed from the OH & the adjacent carbon


Making Aldehydes 3-butenoic acid

  • OH

  • R-C-H

  • H

ox


Making Aldehydes 3-butenoic acid

  • OH

  • R-C-H

  • H

ox


Making Aldehydes 3-butenoic acid

  • OH O

  • R-C-H R-C

  • H H

ox


Common oxidizing agents
Common Oxidizing Agents 3-butenoic acid

Cr2O7-2

MnO4-1


Examples
Examples: 3-butenoic acid

K2Cr2O7

KMnO4


Making Ketones 3-butenoic acid

  • Oxidation of secondary alcohols


Making Ketones 3-butenoic acid

  • OH

  • R-C-R

ox

H


Making Ketones 3-butenoic acid

  • OH O

  • R-C-R R-C

  • R

ox

H


t-Alcohol Ox 3-butenoic acid

  • OH

  • R-C-R

  • R

ox


t-Alcohol Ox 3-butenoic acid

  • OH

  • R-C-R NR

ox

R


Name reactants predict name products
Name reactants & predict & name products 3-butenoic acid

  • H3C-OH

K2Cr2O7

H2SO4


Formaldehyde
Formaldehyde 3-butenoic acid

  • H

  • C=O

  • H

Methanal


Name reactants & predict & name products 3-butenoic acid

K2Cr2O7

H2SO4

  • H2C-OH

  • H3C


Acetaldehyde 3-butenoic acid

  • H

  • C=O

  • H3C

Ethanal


Name reactants & predict & name products 3-butenoic acid

  • OH

  • H3C-CH-CH3

K2Cr2O7

H2SO4


Acetone 3-butenoic acid

  • H3C

  • C=O

  • H3C

Propanone


Name reactants & predict & name products 3-butenoic acid

OH

K2Cr2O7

H2SO4


Cyclohexanone 3-butenoic acid

O


Name reactants & predict & name products 3-butenoic acid

CH2OH

K2Cr2O7

H2SO4


Benzaldehyde 3-butenoic acid

CHO


Name reactants & predict & name products 3-butenoic acid

OH

K2Cr2O7

H2SO4


Organic hw draw reactants draw name products for the oxidation of each of
Organic HW: Draw reactants & draw & name products for the oxidation of each of:

  • 1-pentanol

  • Cyclopentanol

  • 1-methyl-1-cyclopentanol


Drill: Draw reactants & draw & name products for the oxidation of each of:

  • 1-butanol

  • 2-butanol

  • 2-methyl-2-butanol


Aldehyde Detection Reactions oxidation of each of:


Detecting Aldehydes oxidation of each of:

  • Tollen’s Test

  • Benedict’s & Fehling’s Test

  • Both distinguishaldehydes from ketones


Tollen s reagent
Tollen’s Reagent oxidation of each of:

100 %

  • AgNO3 Ag+ + NO3-

  • Ag+ + 2 NH3

  • [Ag(NH3)2]+


Tollen’s Test oxidation of each of:

  • O

  • R-C-H + 2[Ag(NH3)2]+ + 2OH-

  • O

  • NH4+R-CO- + 2Ag(s)+3NH3 + H2O


Benedict’s Reagent oxidation of each of:

100 %

  • CuSO4 Cu+2 + SO4-2

  • NaOH Na+ + OH-

100 %

Fehling’s Reagent


Benedict’s Test oxidation of each of:

  • O

  • R-C-H + 2 Cu+2 + 5 OH-

  • O

  • R-C-O- + Cu2O(s) + 3H2O


a oxidation of each of:-Hydroxy Ketones

HO O

R-C-C

H R

Yield positive results in both tests


Drill draw
Drill: Draw oxidation of each of:

a-hydroxy-propanaldehyde


Carbonyl Addition Reactions oxidation of each of:


Carbonyl Addition Rxns oxidation of each of: with water

  • O

  • C + H-OH

C

Hydrate

HO

OH


Carbonyl Addition Rxns oxidation of each of:

Chloral or

trichloroacetaldehyde

  • O

  • C + H-OH

H

Cl3C

H

CCl3

C

Chloral

Hydrate

HO

OH


Carbonyl Addition Rxns oxidation of each of:

Methanal

  • O

  • C + H-OH

H

H


Carbonyl Addition Rxns oxidation of each of:

  • O

  • C + H-OH

H

H

H

H

C

Methanediol

HO

OH


Organic HW: Draw the reactants, then predict, draw, & name the products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • Cyclohexanone

  • Acetaldehyde

  • formaldehyde


Drill: Draw the reactants, then predict, draw, & name the products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • acetone

  • propanaldehyde

  • cyclopropanone


Carbonyl Addition Rxns products for the addition of water to each of the following: with alcohols

  • O

  • C + R-OH

C

RO

OH


Example products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • O

  • C + OH

    H3C H


HO O products for the addition of water to each of the following:

C

H3C H


Hemiketal Formation products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • O

  • C + R3-OH

R1 R2

R1 R2

Hemiketal

C

R3-O

OH


Name reactants & draw products for the addition of water to each of the following: products

  • O

  • C + CH3-OH

H3CCH3


  • O products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • C + CH3-OH

CH3 CH3

H3CCH3

Hemiketal

C

H3C-O

OH


Hemiacetal Formation products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • O

  • C + R3-OH

R1 H

R1 H

Hemiacetal

C

R3-O

OH


Hemiacetal Formation products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • O

  • C + R3-OH

H3CH

CH3 H

Hemiacetal

C

R3-O

OH


Hemiacetal Formation products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • O

  • C + R3-OH

H3CH

CH3 H

Hemiacetal

C

R3-O

OH


Draw the reactants products when water is added to 2 butanone
Draw the reactants & products when water is added to products for the addition of water to each of the following:2-butanone


Draw the reactants & products when methanol is added to products for the addition of water to each of the following:acetone


Full acetals ketals
Full Acetals & Ketals products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • The second addition of an alcohol to either hemi- acetals or ketals will produce full each


Schedule
Schedule products for the addition of water to each of the following:

  • Modeling lab tomorrow

  • Review Monday

  • Test Tuesday


Organic hw draw the reactants then draw name the organic products when ethanol reacts with
Organic HW: Draw the reactants, then draw & name the organic products when: ethanol reacts with:

  • Butanaldehyde

  • Butanone


Modeling lab on aldehydes ketones
Modeling Lab on Aldehydes & Ketones products when: ethanol reacts with:


Drill draw reactants then draw name the products for each of the following
Drill: Draw reactants, then draw & name the products for each of the following:

  • Addition of phenol to cyclopentanone

  • Oxidation of ethanol



Formaldehyde acetaldehyde benzaldehyde acetone
Formaldehyde each of the following:AcetaldehydeBenzaldehydeAcetone



1) 1-propanol + KMnO products.4

2) 2-propanol + K2Cr2O7

3)2-methyl-2-propanol

+ K2Cr2O7

4)cyclohexanone + water


5) benzaldehyde + water products.

6) formaldehyde + 1-butanol

7) acetone + phenol

  • 5-hydroxypentanaldehyde

  • (addition)


1) ethanol + KMnO products.4

2) 2-pentanol + K2Cr2O7

3)t-butanol+ K2Cr2O7

4)acetone + water

5) formaldehyde + water

6) propanaldehyde + methanol

7) 2-butanone + phenol

8) 4-hydroxybutanaldehyde (addition)



Drill: products.Name the following:

O

OH

OH



Name the following
Name the following: products.

OH

O

H


Draw the following
Draw the following: products.

  • 3-ethyl-6-methyl-2-phenoxy-1-sulfhydryl-octa-4,5-dione


Oxidation of each with kmno 4 or k 2 cr 2 o 7
Oxidation of each with KMnO products.4 or K2Cr2O7:

  • 1-butanol

  • 2-butanol

  • 2-methyl-2-propanol


Carbonyl addition rxns
Carbonyl Addition Rxns: products.

  • 2-butanone + water

  • Propanaldehyde + water

  • Acetone + methanol

  • Acetaldehyde + ethanol



Draw name 5 isomers of c 5 h 10 o containing carbonyls
Draw & name 5 isomers of C with itself5H10O containing carbonyls



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