Psychology 320:
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Psychology 320: Psychology of Gender and Sex Differences November 29 Lecture 31 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 100 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Psychology 320: Psychology of Gender and Sex Differences November 29 Lecture 31. Office Hour Invitations November 29, 11:30-2:30, Kenny 3102. 33467101 38536124 43570100 43601103 66605080 71025134 73594095. Exam 2: December 5, 2013 3:30-6:00, CIRS 1250.

Download Presentation

Psychology 320: Psychology of Gender and Sex Differences November 29 Lecture 31

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Psychology 320: Psychology of Gender and Sex DifferencesNovember 29

Lecture 31


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Office Hour InvitationsNovember 29, 11:30-2:30, Kenny 3102

33467101

38536124

43570100

43601103

66605080

71025134

73594095


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Exam 2: December 5, 20133:30-6:00, CIRS 1250

  • The exam is worth 20% of your final grade.

  • The exam will be scored out of 50 points: 20 multiple choice questions (1 point each), 6-8 extended response questions (2-8 points each, estimated; totaling 30 points).

3


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

  • Please arrive on time to facilitate rapid distribution of the exams.

  • Bring a pencil, eraser, pen, and student ID to the exam.

  • All electronic devices must be stored prior to the exam.

  • Bags and backpacks should be left at the front of the room. Valuables may be placed under your seat.

  • Turn in extra copies of the exam at the start of the examination period; university policy requires that all exams be accounted for before students are permitted to leave the examination room.

4


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

  • The exam will cover:

Chapters 5-8.

All material discussed in class since October 28.

  • Reminder: In the case of a discrepancy between the material presented in the textbook and the material presented in class, please rely upon the material presented in class for the purpose of exam preparation.

5


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Announcement

I will hold additional office hours and an exam review session in preparation for the exam:

Friday, November 29: 11:30-2:30 (Kenny 3102)

Tuesday, December 3: 12:00-2:00 (Kenny 3102)

Tuesday, December 3: 3:00-4:00 (Kenny 2101, “Q&A” exam review session)

Wednesday, December 4: 1:00-3:00 (Kenny 3102)

6


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Emotion

1. Are there sex differences in emotional expression? (continued)

2. What is restrictive emotionality?


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

By the end of today’s class, you should be able to:

1. review research findings regarding sex differences in emotional expression.

2. discuss the relationship between gender and emotional expression.

3. define the terms restrictive emotionality and alexithymia.

4. discuss the correlates of restrictive emotionality.


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Are there sex differences in emotional expression? (continued)

  • Display rules encourage the expression of powerless emotions (e.g., sadness, fear, guilt) by females and the expression of powerful emotions (e.g., anger, contempt, pride) by males (e.g., Safdar et al., 2009).


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Kring and Gordon (1998)

  • Asked participants to complete the BSRI.

  • Examined participants’ emotional expression in response to film clips designed to evoke distinct emotional experiences.


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Frequency

Frequency of Expressions by Sex (Kring and Gordon, 1998)


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

Frequency

Frequency of Expressions by Gender Role Classification (Kring and Gordon, 1998)


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

What is restrictive emotionality?

  • Refers to limited emotional expression among individuals.

  • Associated with masculinity; accordingly, is more common among males than females.

  • Is fostered through observation of models, interpersonal familial dynamics, and social rewards and punishments.


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

  • Consider your reaction to the following conversation:

Mike, I’ve been so upset since we had that argument, I could hardly sleep last night. Are you sure you’re really not mad at me?

Jim, I’m so relieved …. I was just as afraid that you’d be mad at me!


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

  • Restrictive emotionality (RE) is associated with (Wester et al., 2004):

  • anxiety and depression.

  • relationship difficulties.

  • homophobia.

  • physiological distress (e.g., increased blood pressure).

  • alexithymia.

  • use of “immature” ego defenses (e.g., displacement, denial vs. anticipation, sublimation).

  • anger.


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

  • Long (1987) described anger as the “male emotional funnel system.”

Cohn et al. (2009): Found that males who are high in RE are more likely than males who were low in RE to exhibit aggression.

  • Chronic anger is associated with increased incidence of hypertension, heart attack and stroke.


Psychology 320 psychology of gender and sex differences november 29 lecture 31

By the end of today’s class, you should be able to:

1. review research findings regarding sex differences in emotional expression.

2. discuss the relationship between gender and emotional expression.

3. define the terms restrictive emotionality and alexithymia.

4. discuss the correlates of restrictive emotionality.


  • Login