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Persuasive Essay. Take out a piece of paper and take notes. What is a persuasive essay?. The purpose of a persuasive essay is to convince or persuade the audience to do something or think in a certain way.

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persuasive essay

Persuasive Essay

Take out a piece of paper and take notes

what is a persuasive essay
What is a persuasive essay?
  • The purpose of a persuasive essay is to convince or persuade the audience to do something or think in a certain way.
  • A persuasive essay gives reasons, supported by facts and examples, to convince an audience to take a specific action.
guidelines to follow when writing a persuasive essay
Guidelines to follow when writing a persuasive essay
  • State your stance/goal clearly.
  • Include at least three strong reasons that support the goal.
  • Support, or elaborate, each reason with facts and examples.
  • Anticipate possible objections and answer them
  • Arrange your reasons in the most persuasive order
  • Use persuasive but polite language
  • End by summarizing your reasons and calling your audience to action.
what do we need to think about when writing an effective persuasive essay
What do we need to think about when writing an effective Persuasive essay?
  • Audience
  • Voice
  • Introduction
  • Supporting Paragraphs
  • Conclusion
where do we begin
Where do we begin?
  • Read the topic
  • Take a stance
  • Brainstorm the issue
  • Have facts or supporting details to substantiate your stance.
the problem
The Problem
  • At the last PTA (Parent Teacher Association) meeting, the following issues were discussed:
  • Illegal activity around our school at night
  • Recent shooting near the school
  • Recent vandalism of school property
the solution
The Solution
  • One way to solve the problem would be to persuade community leaders and the Superintendent of CPS by writing letters to him asking for money to buy the equipment needed to keep our school campus safe.
  • What equipment do you think our school needs?
the prompt
The Prompt
  • Recently, there has been an increase in violence and vandalism in and around our school’s campus. Students have reported graffiti on school property and neighbors have reported suspicious activity brought about by the lack of sufficient lighting on the school campus at night. Write a persuasive essay asking community leaders to provide our schoolwith the necessary tools to prevent violence and vandalism in and around our schools campus.
timeline
Timeline
  • Day 1- Go over prompt in class, brainstorm, begin your graphic organizer in class
  • Homework: Complete graphic organizer
  • Day 2- Look over graphic organizer with a partner and conference with Ms. Moon or Mrs. Hagy
  • Homework: Write first draft of your essay
  • Day 3- Peer edit draft one
  • Homework: Write second draft
  • Day 4- Conference with Ms. Moon or Mrs. Hagy
  • Homework: Write final draft
  • Day 5- Conference with Ms. Moon or Mrs. Hagy
  • Homework: Write final draft
  • Day 6- Turn in:

Graphic Organizer, draft one, draft two and final draft stapled together.

slide10
Now…
  • In groups, begin brainstorming, you have 10 minutes
  • What did your group come up with?
  • Begin working on your graphic organizer
persuasive paragraph
Persuasive Paragraph
  • Working with groups of no more than four write a persuasive paragraph about why exercise is or is not important.
  • Generate a general statement expressing your point of view.
  • Include two to three strong reasons to support your stance.
  • Wrap it up and share with the class.
the beginning
The beginning….
  • True or False – people who use graphic organizers create a better paper. Let’s talk about graphic organizers.
  • True or False – people should do additional research to further solidify their stance
  • True or False – students should write a draft, come back to it, revise the draft, repeat steps until complete.
next few slides deal with
Next few slides deal with
  • Transition Words
  • Introduction
  • Conclusion
transitional words phrases
Transitional Words/Phrases

As you proceed through your text you need to use transitions and links for coherence.

Readers expect to move with ease from one sentence to the other and from one paragraph to the next……

Your document must “FLOW”.

slide22
Why reference a grasshopper?

Do not force readers to grapple with “grasshopper prose,” which jumps suddenly from one idea to another without obvious connections.

Your paper needs to flow.

slide23
Make your writing coherent, with all the parts connecting clearly to one another with transitional expressions, context links, and word links.
slide24
Use connecting words like this, that, these, and those to refer to something mentioned at the end of the previous sentence or paragraph.
transitional expressions
Adding an idea:

also, in addition, further , furthermore, moreover

Contrasting:

however, nevertheless, nonetheless, on the other hand, in contrast, still, rather, conversely

Showing time order:

later, subsequently, meanwhile, previously, finally

Showing result:

consequently, therefore, thus, hence, accordingly, for this reason, as a result

Transitional Expressions
more of the same
Affirming:

of course, in fact, certainly, obviously, to be sure, undoubtedly, indeed

Giving Examples:

for example, for instance

(Google: 323,000 hits)

Adding an aside:

Incidentally, by the way, besides

Summarizing:

In short, generally, overall, all in all, in conclusion

More of the same…
last year we mentioned
Transitional Phrases:

Page 501

Qualifiers –

Almost, often, usually, some, maybe, most, probably in most cases

Concessions:

even though, while it is true that, I agree that, admittedly, I cannot argue with, granted

Transitional words:

therefore, thus, another, besides, better ,best, strongest

Last year we mentioned
do not overkill the use of transitions
Do not overkill the use of transitions.

Too many of them, used too often, give writing a heavy and mechanical flavor.

It is all about the flow, organization, and integration of your paper.

the introduction
The Introduction

Imagine you are at a party and a random person walks up to you and says, “Capital punishment (death penalty) should be abolished immediately.” You are surprised. You wonder where this position came from and why you are being challenged with it. Maybe you think the person is strange, pushy, and why in the world did he target you.

slide30
Now imagine a reader picking up a piece of your writing.

Just like people at a party, readers need to know about the issue.

Here are a few key points……

how to write a good introduction
How to Write a Good Introduction
  • Do not assume your reader knows your assigned prompt/topic/question.
  • Provide context and background information to set up your topic. Lead readers to expect a statement of your point of view.
slide32
Establish the tone from the onset of the paper: informative, persuasive, serious, personal, informal.
  • Engage the readers’ interest; provide a hook (attention grabber) that will make the readers want to continue reading.
what to avoid
What to Avoid
  • Avoid becoming overly general and telling readers the obvious, such as “Crime is a big problem” or “In this fast-paced world, TV is a popular form of entertainment”.
  • Do not refer to your writing intentions – “In this essay, I will….” Do not make extravagant claims, such as “This essay will prove that bilingual education works for every student.”
  • Do not restate the assigned essay question.
what is the hook
Surprising statistics

A pithy quotation

An unusual fact

A relevant anecdote

A challenging question

Interesting background details

An intriguing opinion statement.

What is the Hook?
conclusion
Conclusion

Think of your conclusion as completing a circle.

slide36
You have taken your readers on a journey from the presentation of the topic in your introduction, to your thesis, to supporting evidence and discussion including specific examples.
  • Remind readers the purpose of your journey. Recall the main idea of the paper and make a strong statement about it. Leave the readers feeling complete with a full understanding of the topic.
key points for a conclusion
Key Points for a Conclusion
  • Include a summary of the points you have made, but keep it short and use fresh wording.
  • Frame your essay by reminding the reader of something you referred to in your introduction and by reminding the reader of your “topic”.
slide38
End on a strong note: a quotation, a question, a suggestion, a reference to an anecdote in the introduction, a humorous and insightful comment, a call to action, or a look to the future.
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