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VECTOR CONTROL. Parties Caterers Small towns/cities Backyards/homes Cabins Golf courses Resorts Campgrounds. Business facilities Parks Outdoor weddings Church events Ball parks City/civic events Theme parks. SERVING THE FOLLOWING MARKETS:. MOSQUITO AS VECTORS.

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serving the following markets
Parties

Caterers

Small towns/cities

Backyards/homes

Cabins

Golf courses

Resorts

Campgrounds

Business facilities

Parks

Outdoor weddings

Church events

Ball parks

City/civic events

Theme parks

SERVING THE FOLLOWING MARKETS:
mosquito as vectors
MOSQUITO AS VECTORS

These “vectors” are the #1 killers of human beings throughout the world:

  • Malaria – from Anopheles species
  • Yellow Fever – from Aedes species
  • Dengue – from Aedesspp. (recent outbreak in Hawaii)
  • Encephalitis diseases – many kinds, including WestNileVirus – most species are capable of spreading it, but Culex is the most important in New Jersey
west nile cases
WEST NILE CASES
  • First detected in US in 1999
  • 1999 62 cases of Severe WNV 7 deaths all in New York City area.
  • 2000 21 cases 2 deaths all in NYC area.
  • 2001 66 cases 9 deaths.
  • 2003 9122 cases 223 deaths nation wide.
west nile virus1
WEST NILE VIRUS
  • The virus is stored in the mosquito’s salivary gland and is transmitted when the mosquito takes a blood meal.
  • As of January 2004 – 37 species of mosquitoes have tested positive for the WNV
west nile virus2
WEST NILE VIRUS
  • 37 Mosquito Species can be infected with WNV.
  • Culex is primary vector (Southern House Mosquito) breeds in septic water.
    • Not spread person to person or animal to animal.
  • Dead birds in area indicator (Jays & Crows) 40-60% mortality. Sparrows are probably main transmitter as WNV propagates at high levels in blood
  • People over 50 highest risk of infection
  • Most serious manifestation of WNV is fatal encephalitis type (inflammation of the brain).
new jersey licensing
NEW JERSEY LICENSING
  • CATEGORY (8B) MOSQUITO
  • ONLY CATEGORY THAT WILL COVER APPLICATIONS FOR MOSQUITO CONTROL IN NEW JERSEY
life cycle
LIFE CYCLE
  • All mosquitoes undergo complete metamorphosis and have four distinct stages in their life cycle: Egg, larva, pupa and adult.
  • The eggs, larva and pupa life stages are all aquatic; the adults are terrestrial.
mosquito biology1
MOSQUITO BIOLOGY
  • All mosquitoes must have water in which to complete their life cycle.
  • Mosquitoes never develop in grass or shrubbery, although the flying adults frequently rest there during daylight hours.
  • Only female mosquitoes feed on blood – males feed on nectar and other plant juices
  • Female mosquitoes may travel up to 30 miles from their breeding location
mosquito biology2
MOSQUITO BIOLOGY
  • Eggs laid directly on water usually hatch within 2 or 3 days
  • Eggs laid by the “tree hole” or “flood water” species – in pockets that will later fill with water – can survive up to 5 years without hatching if water is not present
mosquito eggs
MOSQUITO EGGS
  • When first deposited eggs are white; they become dark brown to black within an hour or two.
  • Shape varies, with most being football or boat shaped.
  • Species may be divided by where and how they lay their eggs.
larvae or wigglers
LARVAE OR WIGGLERS
  • Growth and development phase.
  • Head capsule equipped with a pair of well developed biting jaws or mandibles.
  • Abdomen contains a siphon tube (for breathing) in most species. Larva will be seen near the surface of water with the breathing tube protruding.
  • Most feed on plankton, decaying organic matter, some are predaceous.
larvae
LARVAE
  • Development time varies by species, available food and temperature. May be as few as 5 days or as long as 30 days or even more.
pupal stage
PUPAL STAGE
  • Called tumblers, shaped like a comma
  • Non-feeding stage
  • When undisturbed congregate at surface of water.
  • Disturbed – tumble toward the bottom of pool.
pupal stage1
PUPAL STAGE
  • Depending on spp and temperature, pupal stage may only last 1 or 2 days or up to 10 or more.
aedes aegypti1
AEDES AEGYPTI
  • AEDES AEGYPTI IS THE PRIMARY VECTOR OF HUMAN DENGUE FEVER AND YELLOW FEVER
  • SURVIVAL IS POOR IN HOT DRY CLIMATES
  • MEDIUM SIZED BLACKISH MOSQUITO
  • HAS SILVERY WHITE LYRE-SHAPED PATTERN ON SCALES
aedes aegypti2
AEDES AEGYPTI
  • EGGS ARE DEPOSITED ON DAMP ARTIFICIAL CONTAINERS
  • ONE OF TOP PRODUCERS IN TIRE PILES OR CONTAINERS
  • EGGS CAN RESIST DESSICATION FOR UP TO ONE YEAR
  • EGGS HATCH WHEN FLOODED BY DEOXYGENATED WATER
  • LARVAE DEVELOP FROM EGG TO ADULT FROM 4-10 DAYS.
aedes aegypti3
AEDES AEGYPTI
  • FOUND ABUNDANTLY IN TOWNS AND CITIES
  • EARLY MORNING OR LATE AFTERNOON FEEDERS
  • PREFERS HUMAN BLOOD OVER OTHER MAMMALS
  • WILL FREQUENTLY RESIDE INSIDE HOMES
  • DOES NOT SURVIVE FREEZING TEMPERATURES (EGG OR ADULT)
aedes vexans1
AEDES VEXANS
  • LAYS DESSICATION RESISTANT EGGS
  • PRIMARILY IN FRESH FLOODWATER GROUND DEPRESSIONS
  • CONSIDERED A FLOODWATER MOSQUITO
  • WILL OVERWINTER IN EGG FORM
aedes vexans2
AEDES VEXANS
  • RELYS ON SUMMER RAINS TO FLOOD LOW LYING GROUND DEPRESSIONS
  • GOES THROUGH ACCELERATED LARVAL DEVELOPMENT
  • CAN EMERGE AS AN ADULT 4-5 DAYS AFTER EGG HATCH
culex pipiens1
CULEX PIPIENS
  • CONSIDERED THE HOUSE MOSQUITO OF THE USA
  • IS A LIGHT BROWN MOSQUITO WITH NO DISTINCTIVE MARKS
  • WILL BREED IN STORM DRAINS, POLLUTED POOLS, DITCHES, SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS AND ANY POLLUTED BODY OF WATER
culex pipiens2
CULEX PIPIENS
  • Lays non-dessication resistant eggs
  • Must lay directly on water for eggs survival
  • Eggs hatch in 1-2 days
  • Larvae thrive in polluted water habitat
  • Overwinters as a mated female
  • Most common vector of St. Louis
asian tiger mosquito1
ASIAN TIGER MOSQUITO
  • ALSO KNOWN AS AEDES ALBOPICTUS
  • WAS INTRODUCED INTO TEXAS IN 1985
  • WAS FOUND IN NJ IN 1995
  • KNOWN AS A CONTAINER BREEDER
  • LAYS DESSICATION RESISTANT EGGS ON THE SIDE OF CONTAINERS
asian tiger mosquito2
ASIAN TIGER MOSQUITO
  • EASY TO IDENTIFY WITH WHITE STRIPES ON IT’S LEGS AND ABDOMEN
  • PREFERS TO BREED IN TIRES BUT WILL LAY EGGS IN ANY CONTAINER
  • IS A PEST TO HOMEOWNERS BECAUSE IT WILL FEED DURING DAYLIGHT HOURS AS WELL AS AT DUSK
breeding sites

BREEDING SITES

MOSQUITOES FREQUENT

treatment options
TREATMENT OPTIONS
  • Larvacides
  • Adulticides
  • Source Reduction
  • Biological Controls
  • Barrier Treatments
larvaciding with bti s
LARVACIDING WITH BTI’S
  • Used to treat the larval stage only
  • Liquid, granule/pellet form
  • Bti – Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis –great product
  • Applied to water (breeding sites) or anticipated wet areas
  • Usually accomplished by public entity
  • Several treatments per season
  • Will not get them all!
larvaciding with altosid
LARVACIDING WITH ALTOSID
  • Altosid products are from Zoëcon
  • Are effective on Larvae only
  • Labeled for use in human drinking water
  • Very specific to mosquitoes
  • Residual activity depends on the formulation
  • Some formulations penetrate vegetation better than others
altosid pro g1
ALTOSID PRO G
  • 1 Teaspoon treats 50 square feet or 200 gallons
  • ½ Teaspoon treats 25 square feet or 100 gallons
adulticiding
ADULTICIDING
  • Used to treat adult mosquitoes
  • Liquid, ULV, mist, fog or aerosol form
  • Usually applied in the early evening
  • Provides only temporary relief
  • Very important part of IMM
  • Will not get them all!
source reduction
SOURCE REDUCTION
  • Can permanently impact control
  • Requires public education and cooperation
  • Environmentally sound approach
  • Will not get them all!
barrier treatments
BARRIER TREATMENTS
  • Used in mosquito abatements
  • Consists of focusing a residual treatment to mosquito resting sites
  • Will not get them all!
barrier application
BARRIER APPLICATION
  • For an effective barrier treatment you would treat any surface area that a mosquito would rest on - near the structure
  • Use Demand CS at 6 ml per 1000 sq. ft to treat with a hand tank or a power sprayer
  • Treat limbs of shade trees, flower beds, shrubs, tall grass and shaded areas around buildings where mosquitoes congregate
barrier calculations
BARRIER CALCULATIONS
  • Barrier Work The following example will give 7 to 15 days of residual control depending on weather:
    • Yard Area: 100 ft wide by 100 deep = 10,000 sq ft or .26 Acres
    • As much as 10 gallons of finished spray to cover grass, foliage, trees, foundation, etc. using manual backpack or motorized backpack sprayer
    • Typical Charge:
      • Service Charge……..$50.00
      • 1 cent /sq. ft………………….$100.00 (10,000 x .01)
      • TOTAL………………………… $150.00
calculation example
CALCULATION EXAMPLE
  • Actual Costs of Application:
    • Chemical: Demand CS (10 oz per 50 gallon..)…..…… $37.50

average backyard (10 gallon or 2 oz demand cs / gal).$7.50(1/4 hour @$100 per hour)……………………………….. $25.00

    • TOTAL…………………………………………………….. $32.50
thank you 1 800 920 0906 www njmosquitocontrol com www actionpestcontrol com
THANK YOU !1-800-920-0906www.njmosquitocontrol.comwww.actionpestcontrol.com
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