Monday april 11th vietnam war
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Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War. Set up Page 3 in notebook : Vietnam War Vocabulary LEFT SIDE & RIGHT SIDE: 15 boxes for vocabulary. Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War. 1) First Indochina War p.660 The war between V iet Minh and the French from 1946 to 1954

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Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

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Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • Set up Page 3in notebook : Vietnam War Vocabulary

  • LEFT SIDE & RIGHT SIDE: 15 boxes for vocabulary


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 1) First Indochina War p.660

    • The war between Viet Minh and the French from 1946 to 1954

    • President Harry Truman sent military aid to French Indochina to block the spread of communism into Vietnam.


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 2) Domino Theory p.659

    • The belief that if Vietnam fell to the communists, the rest of Southeast Asia would fall like “a row of dominoes”

    • This was one of the main arguments used to support U.S. military involvement in Vietnam.


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 3) Geneva Accords p. 660

    • The 1954 agreement between France and the Viet Minh to split Vietnam along the 17th parallel and to schedule national elections in 1956 to reunify Vietnam

    • Led to

      • The end of the First Indochina War

      • The division of Vietnam into two states

      • The departure of the French from Indochina


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 4) Viet Cong p. 660

    • Communist insurgents in South Vietnam

    • The way the Viet Cong could quickly fade into the landscape greatly frustrated U.S. troops fighting in Vietnam


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 5) Americanization of the Vietnam War p. 667

    • In March 1965, the U.S. began sending ground troops to fight the Vietnam War. The war quickly became an American conflict.

    • May 1st is “Loyalty Day” (used to be “Americanization Day”)

      • We will celebrate this at the VFW Retirement Home with colors, the pledge, and flags


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 6) Agent Orange p. 670

    • An herbicide used by the U.S. military in Vietnam to fill foliage in an effort to deny cover to the enemy

    • To clear forest vegetation that could hide Viet Cong soldiers


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 7) War of Attrition p. 671

    • A military campaign designed to wear down the enemy’s strength (search-and-destroy method)

    • This is the kind of military campaign General William Westmoreland proposed for the U.S. forces early in the Vietnam conflict


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 8) Credibility Gap p. 679

    • The difference between the reality of the Vietnam War and the Johnson’s administration’s positive portrayal of it

    • The main impact of the Tet Offensive was that it fueled a credibility gap between what President Lyndon Johnson said about the Vietnam War and what Americans saw on television.

      • Tet Offensive: a major offensive in 1968 by Viet Cong and NVA soldiers that resulted in growing opposition among Americans to the war


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 9) Tinker v. Des Moines p. 676

    • The Supreme Court ruled that the First Amendment protects the right of students to engage in symbolic speech at school to protest the war.


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 10) Vietnamizationp. 682

    • President Nixon’s policy of having the government of South Vietnam gradually take over the conduct of the war, especially ground combat

    • Lead to decrease in U.S. troops to Vietnam from 1968-1973

      • 550,000: 1968

      • 480,000: 1969

      • 350,000: 1970

      • 150,000: 1971

      • 25,000: 1972


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 11) Vietnam Moratorium p. 684

    • In 1968 when millions of Americans gathered to protest the Vietnam War.


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 12) Vietnam Syndrome

    • A reluctance to involve U.S. troops in foreign conflicts unless victory seems swift and certain.


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 13) Vietnam Timeline

  • January 1973: U.S., South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and Viet Cong sign Paris Peace Accords

  • March 1973: U.S. combat forces are withdrawn from Vietnam

  • April 1973: North Vietnam releases U.S. POWs

  • March 1975: North Vietnamese forces invade South Vietnam

  • April 1975: South Vietnam’s government falls, ending the long years of war


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 14) Vietnam Veterans

    • Veterans were shunned or ignored by the public.


Monday, April 11th : Vietnam War

  • 15) Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    • This empowered President Lyndon Johnson to greatly increase U.S. military involvement in Vietnam


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