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The Roman Republic. Brutus, Collatinus , Lucretia’s father rally the people and overthrow the king Tarquin is expelled from the state Brutus and two sons of Tarquin consult the oracle to see who will rule Oracle says man who kisses his mother first will rule. 509 BC.

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509 bc

  • Brutus, Collatinus, Lucretia’s father rally the people and overthrow the king

  • Tarquin is expelled from the state

  • Brutus and two sons of Tarquin consult the oracle to see who will rule

  • Oracle says man who kisses his mother first will rule

509 BC


458 bc

  • Rome is at war with a local tribe

  • Cincinnatus is ploughing his fields when the people make him (unwillingly) a general

  • Cincinnatus becomes the first dictator

  • Roman Army is victorious

  • after war end, Cincinnatus refuses to rule and returns to his farm

458 BC


The social wars

  • Rome divided by the question of citizenship

  • lasts from the 5th Century into the 4th Century

  • Rome’s ultimate military success lies in how they settle the citizenship issue: conquered peoples allowed to continue living as before, but are under a military draft

The Social Wars


The twelve tables

  • 450s BC

  • first codified, written, and publicly displayed laws

  • foundation of Western law

The Twelve Tables


The 4 th century

  • 390s- Gauls sack Rome

  • Romans saved by sacred geese at the Temple of Juno

  • The Appian Way is built

  • Alexander the Great (334-323)

  • Rome expands through all central Italy

The 4th Century


The first punic war

The First Punic War


Second punic war

  • lasts from 217-202

  • greatest war ever for the Romans

  • fought against Hannibal

  • early battles were crushing defeat for the Romans

  • Hannibal invades Italy for 10 years

Second Punic War


End of the second punic war

  • Roman general QunitusFabius Maximus “Cuntator”- “The Delayer”

  • delays open conflict until Hannibal’s army runs out of food

  • 202 Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal at Battle of Zama.

  • Carthage laid waste

End of the Second Punic War


Third punic war

  • 168-146 Romans conquer Greece

    • Horace “Graecia capta, Romamavictoriamcepit”

    • influx of Greek art, literature, culture, slaves

  • Third Punic War

  • Carthage defeated 146

Third Punic War


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