Racial and Ethnic Minorities. The Webberians. The Concept of Race. Race refers to a category of people who are defined as similar because of a number of physical characteristics. The Concept of Race.
Racial and Ethnic Minorities
Race has been defined along genetic, legal, and social lines, each presenting its own set of problems.
“I don’t even know who I am. My mind says I’m black. Then I look at my skin, and it says I’m white. I’ve come to the conclusion that color is just a state of mind.”
-Linda Fay McCord
Race is determined by the race that a person chooses to present themselves as.
People are free to report more than one race.
-similarity in family patterns
-patterns of recreation
Problems in Race and Ethnic Relations
Prejudice: an irrationally based negative attitude toward certain groups and their members, regarded as a subjective feeling.
In 1945, 56% of the American public said they opposed a law that would require employees to work alongside people of any race or color (Gallup Poll, 1972).
The cause of prejudice :
A desire for unity within a particular group.
Competing : Eg: Hutu and Tutsi Fight for genetic superiority.
Projection: allows us to transmit onto others those parts of ourselves that we do not like and try to avoid facing
Eg: Gypsies in Europe
Development and coexistence of separate racial and ethnic group identities within a society.
Theory developed by Horace Kallen
Reaction against assimilation and advocates rights of minorities.
Celebrates the differences between people.
Unity of a whole society depends on the harmony of various parts.
Form of subjugation, refers to the act, process or state of being apart.
Done by formal sanctions or informal discriminations.
Ex: American blacks
Deliberate extermination of a racial or ethnic group.
Ex: The Holocaust
However, it can be unintentional
Ex: Discovery of the New World
December 11, 1946: the General Assembly of the United Nation voted to affirm that genocide was a crime under international law.
(Poles, Hungarians, Ukrainians)
Origin: England, Scotland, Wales (Non-Catholic)
Timespan: Dominant from 1830 to 1960