Racial and Ethnic Minorities. The Webberians. The Concept of Race. Race refers to a category of people who are defined as similar because of a number of physical characteristics. The Concept of Race.
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Racial and Ethnic Minorities
Race has been defined along genetic, legal, and social lines, each presenting its own set of problems.
“I don’t even know who I am. My mind says I’m black. Then I look at my skin, and it says I’m white. I’ve come to the conclusion that color is just a state of mind.”
-Linda Fay McCord
Race is determined by the race that a person chooses to present themselves as.
People are free to report more than one race.
-similarity in family patterns
-patterns of recreation
Problems in Race and Ethnic Relations
Prejudice: an irrationally based negative attitude toward certain groups and their members, regarded as a subjective feeling.
In 1945, 56% of the American public said they opposed a law that would require employees to work alongside people of any race or color (Gallup Poll, 1972).
The cause of prejudice :
A desire for unity within a particular group.
Competing : Eg: Hutu and Tutsi Fight for genetic superiority.
Projection: allows us to transmit onto others those parts of ourselves that we do not like and try to avoid facing
Eg: Gypsies in Europe
Development and coexistence of separate racial and ethnic group identities within a society.
Theory developed by Horace Kallen
Reaction against assimilation and advocates rights of minorities.
Celebrates the differences between people.
Unity of a whole society depends on the harmony of various parts.
Form of subjugation, refers to the act, process or state of being apart.
Done by formal sanctions or informal discriminations.
Ex: American blacks
Deliberate extermination of a racial or ethnic group.
Ex: The Holocaust
However, it can be unintentional
Ex: Discovery of the New World
December 11, 1946: the General Assembly of the United Nation voted to affirm that genocide was a crime under international law.
(Poles, Hungarians, Ukrainians)
Origin: England, Scotland, Wales (Non-Catholic)
Timespan: Dominant from 1830 to 1960