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“Giving a Talk” Talk. Paul Sutton, PhD, MD Associate Professor General Internal Medicine University of Washington. Overview. Public speaking tips Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations Presentation of data The delivery. Public Speaking Tips. Tell ‘ em

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Giving a talk talk

“Giving a Talk” Talk

Paul Sutton, PhD, MD

Associate Professor

General Internal Medicine

University of Washington


Overview
Overview

  • Public speaking tips

  • Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations

  • Presentation of data

  • The delivery


Public speaking tips
Public Speaking Tips

  • Tell ‘em

  • Tell them what you are going to tell them

  • Tell them

  • Tell them what you have told them


Overview1
Overview

  • Public speaking tips

  • Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations

  • Presentation of data

  • The delivery


Public speaking tips1
Public Speaking Tips

  • Know your subject

  • Know your audience

    • What’s in it for me?

  • Structure

    • Particularly crucial for shorter talks

  • Your style

    • Find your own voice

    • But seek to entertain as well as educate


Your style
Your Style

  • “Good teaching is one fourth preparation and three fourths theater.” Gail Godwin

  • Use eye contact, voice modulation, and animation (yours, not PowerPoint’s)

  • Take chances (but be tasteful)


Public speaking tips2
Public Speaking Tips

  • Limited recall

    • “The magical number seven, plus or minus two”. Miller GA. Psychol Rev 1956. 63:81-97.

  • Emphasize key points

    • Don’t attempt the Vulcan mind meld

    • “If you only remember one thing…”


Effective habits
Effective Habits

  • Outline the talk before opening any presentation software

  • Scientific Presentation

    • Background

    • Objective

    • Methods

    • Data

    • Discussion


Effective habits outlines
Effective Habits: outlines

Topic-based Lecture

  • Intro

  • Epidemiology

  • Clinical Features

  • Diagnostics

  • Treatment

  • Areas of study

  • Review

    Case-based Lecture

  • Intro

  • Case 1

  • Teaching point

  • Case 2

  • Teaching point

  • Lather, rinse, & repeat

  • Review


Effective habits1
Effective Habits

  • Prepare in advance!

    • “It usually takes more than three weeks to prepare a good impromptu speech.” Mark Twain

  • Practice

    • Particularly the introduction

  • Peer review

    • Is the story coherent?

    • Is the presentation of data clear?

    • Eliminate ypographical errors


Powerpoint tips
PowerPoint Tips

  • Use PowerPoint

    • 95% market share

    • Presentation software options:

      • PC/Mac/UNIX: OpenOffice by Sun

      • Mac: Keynote

    • Can be difficult to share

    • Potential for formatting surprises

  • Most conferences require .ppt (or .pptx)


Savvy slides k i s s
Savvy Slides(K.I.S.S.)

  • Dark background, light text

  • Considerusing bold for allfonts

  • Shadowed text is more readable

  • Use font size 24 or greater

  • Use easy to read fonts

    • Arial

    • Times New Roman

    • Comic Sans MS

    • English 111 Vivace BT


Savvy slides 44 point
Savvy Slides (44 point)

  • Arial 36

  • Arial 28

  • Arial 20

  • Comic Sans MS 36

  • Comic Sans MS 28

  • Comic Sans MS 20

  • Times New Roman 36

  • Times New Roman 28

  • Times New Roman 20


Backgrounds
Backgrounds

  • Readable, classic

  • But, fatiguing over time


Backgrounds1
Backgrounds

  • Annoying, pointless background

  • Poor contrast

  • High contrast is minimally better

  • Wow, what a great lecture


Slide content
Slide Content

  • About one minute per slide

    • This ratio increases as the length of the talk increases

  • 5-8 lines of text per slide

  • Simplify information (on the slide!)

    • More Hemingway than Bulwer-Lytton

    • More haiku than Dante


Slide content1
Slide Content

  • For goodness sakes, don’t read your slides!

  • Avoid STDs

    • Speaker/text dissonance

  • Use animations sparingly


Death by powerpoint
“Death by PowerPoint”

http://norvig.com/Gettysburg/sld006.htm, accessed 4/14/09


http://canadiancpd.medscape.com/content/2002/00/43/71/437182/437182_fig.htmlhttp://canadiancpd.medscape.com/content/2002/00/43/71/437182/437182_fig.html

Accessed 7/2/2009


Powerpoint tips1
PowerPoint Tipshttp://canadiancpd.medscape.com/content/2002/00/43/71/437182/437182_fig.html

  • Don’t forget to stretch/change gears

  • Attention span may be 10-15 minutes

  • Various techniques to re-engage the audience


Overview2
Overviewhttp://canadiancpd.medscape.com/content/2002/00/43/71/437182/437182_fig.html

  • Lecture tips and effective habits

  • Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations

  • Presentation of data

  • The delivery



Presentation of data
Presentation of Data she visits next month…

  • PowerPoint conveys data at relatively low bandwidth


Lindholm she visits next month… LH, et al. Lancet 2008. 366:1545-53


AFFIRM. NEJM 2002. 347:1825 she visits next month…


Tables charts and graphs
Tables, Charts, and she visits next month…Graphs

  • Avoid tables & figures from journals – they do not project well

  • Tables & figures should be clearly labeled, and make sense at a glance

  • Orient the audience & walk them through the data


Tables charts graphs
Tables, Charts & Graphs she visits next month…

  • You’ve failed if you have to begin with an apology

  • Limit data to what is necessary to convey your point

    • But don’t deceive

  • Highlight key points


Atenolol vs other anti hypertensives stroke
Atenolol she visits next month… vs. OtherAnti-hypertensives: Stroke

1.29 (1.12-1.49)

ASCOT-BPLA

ELSA

1.58 (0.69-3.64)

INVEST

1.14 (0.93-1.39)

LIFE

Make another point with

text box or highlighting

1.34 (1.13-1.58)

MRC Old

1.22 (-.83-1.79)

UKPDS

0.90 (0.48-1.69)

TOTAL EVENTS

1.26 (1.15-1.38)

0.5

0.7

1.0

1.5

2.0

Lindholm LH, et al. Lancet 2008. 366:1545-53


Take care with colors
Take Care with Colors she visits next month…



The delivery
The Delivery one bit simpler.” Einstein

  • Redundancy

    • Computer, webmail, USB flash drive, CD

    • Include all files necessary for any animation (e.g. video)

  • Get there early, check out the room, controls, water

  • Ask a friend/colleague for feedback

    • Learn something from every talk


Overview tell em
Overview (“Tell ‘ one bit simpler.” Einsteinem”)

  • Lecture tips and effective habits

  • Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations

  • Presentation of data

  • The delivery


Take home points
Take Home Points one bit simpler.” Einstein

  • Be knowledgeable, enthusiastic, and animated

  • Focus on a few take home points

  • Legible slides (and don’t read them!)

  • Pay particular attention to the presentation of data


“Make sure you have finished speaking before your audience has finished listening.” Dorothy Sarnoff


Suggested reading
Suggested Reading has finished listening.” Dorothy Sarnoff

  • Federman D. How do you give a great lecture? Parts I and II. SGIM Forum, June and July 2009. Accessed at http://www.sgim.org/index.cfm?pageId=809

    • Very practical, expert opinion

  • Tufte ER. The cognitive style of PowerPoint: pitching out corrupts within. 2nd edition. Graphics Press (Cheshire, CT). 2006.

    • An essay on the limitations and cognitive shackles of PowerPoint

    • Available at the bookstore for $7

  • Keller J. Killing me microsoftly with PowerPoint. Chicago Tribune, January 5, 2003. Accessed at http://www.gbuwizards.com/files/chicago-tribune-julia-keller-05-january-2003.htm

    • Martin Luther King and Robert Frost à la PowerPoint

  • Collins J. Giving a PowerPoint presentation: the art of communicating effectively. Radiographics 2004. 24:1185-92.


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