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Environmental technologies (ET) Module S14 Component C S14-C1 Types of environmental technologies www.eurocrafts21.eu. S14 Module – Environmental Technologies (ET) Component A) Environmental management in companies Component B) Eco-innovation Component C) Types of ET

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Environmental technologies (ET) Module S14 Component C S14-C1 Types of environmental technologies

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Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

Environmental technologies (ET)

Module S14

Component C

S14-C1 Types of environmental technologies

www.eurocrafts21.eu


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

S14 Module – Environmental Technologies (ET)

Component A) Environmental management in companies

Component B) Eco-innovation

Component C) Types of ET

Component D) Management of ET

2


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

Component C

TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES

cleaner production ET (CPET)

vs

end-of-pipe ET


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

End-of-pipe ET vs clenaer production ET

  • End-of-pipe ET: correction of pollution: sewage treatment, air, noise and waste.

  • Cleanerproduction ET (CPET): pollution prevention at source, to minimize resource consumption (cleaner production, recycling / substitution of materials)

  • Major economic and environmental advantages of TPL

  • The EMS (EMAS, ISO 14001) encourage the use of TPL (+ info)

  • Obstacles to the TPL:

    • Legislation that promotes the use of TA end of line

    • Difficulty of implementation

    • Difficulty in assessing the environmental improvement

    • Lack of initiative from the company

  • Changing trend:

    • 20th century: end-of-pipe dominance

    • 21st century: CPET predominance (≈ eco-innovation)


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

End-of-pipe ET vs CPET

Source: European Commission report Environmental Technologies for Sustainable Development (COM2002 122 Final)

Source: Arundel et al., 2003

Source: Environmental policy and corporate behaviour, OECD, 2004

Source: Frondel et al., 2004


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

Component C

TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES

Examples


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

Modular filters and / or sleeves

Bydryelectrofilter

Wetelectrofilter

Installing sprayed to minimize dust emissions

EXAMPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES IN AIR

Catalyticoxidation

Selective catalytic reduction of NOx emissions

BurnerlowNOxemissions


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

VOC emissions treatment Unit by thermal oxidation and heat recovery

EXAMPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES IN AIR

Mufflernoiseabsorbent, soundproofing, etc..


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

Pre-treatmentsystems

Secondarytreatment

Primarytreatment

EXAMPLES OF WATER ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES

Reverse Osmosis

WaterRecycling

Ultrafiltration

Others: oil separator, soil sealing, evaporator, disinfection system, ...


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

Compactor, garbage, etc..

Wastestore

Reducingpackaging

EXAMPLES OF WASTE ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES

Reducing waste transportation systems, numerical control centers, warehouse packaging materials, ...


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

Gasification

BiomassCombustion

Design of electrical and electronic equipment

EXAMPLES OF ENERGY ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES

Hot water

Anaerobicdigestion

LED

PowerGeneration


Environmental technologies et module s14 component c s14 c1 types of environmental technologies

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