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A history of writing. Sumerian cuneiform. Pictograms Ideograms One symbol= one object/ one idea Ex: “One pastured cow”. Egyptian Hieroglyph. Hiero -glyph= sacred symbol One symbol=one idea or one sound ( rebus: nar-mer ) Evolves: one symbol=one sound No vowels Use of determinatives.

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A history of writing

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A history of writing

A history of writing


Sumerian cuneiform

Sumerian cuneiform

  • Pictograms

  • Ideograms

  • One symbol= one object/ one idea

  • Ex: “One pastured cow”


Egyptian hieroglyph

Egyptian Hieroglyph

  • Hiero-glyph= sacred symbol

  • One symbol=one idea or one sound (rebus: nar-mer)

  • Evolves: one symbol=one sound

  • No vowels

  • Use of determinatives


Minoan hieroglyphic and linear a

Minoan hieroglyphic and Linear A

  • Undeciphered

  • Ex: Phaistus’ disk


Mycenean linear b

Mycenean Linear B

  • Linear B is a Syllabary (one symbol= one syllable)

  • Linear B uses pictograms as well

  • It represents Greek

  • Ex: Ti-ri-po-dos= tri-po-dos (tripod)


Phoenician alphabet

Phoenician Alphabet

  • On symbol= one sound

  • No relationship between the symbol and what it represents except convention.

  • Based on Proto-Canaanite (first alphabet)

  • Basis of the Greek alphabet (and our own (Latin)).


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