Study on the economic effects of the 2003 heat wave on transport
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

Study on the economic effects of the 2003 heat wave on transport PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 56 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Study on the economic effects of the 2003 heat wave on transport. Alistair Hunt Metroeconomica & University of Bath. Structure of talk. Context of study Role of historical analogues in climate change impacts research Impacts and costs of Summer 2003 on roads in UK Lessons for the future.

Download Presentation

Study on the economic effects of the 2003 heat wave on transport

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Study on the economic effects of the 2003 heat wave on transport

Study on the economic effects of the 2003 heat wave on transport

Alistair Hunt

Metroeconomica

& University of Bath


Structure of talk

Structure of talk

  • Context of study

  • Role of historical analogues in climate change impacts research

  • Impacts and costs of Summer 2003 on roads in UK

  • Lessons for the future


Context of study

Context of study

  • Initially for UKCIP – Costing case study of 2003 Summer for Cambridgeshire roads – with Chris Capps (Cambs. County Council)

  • Defra wanted UK total costs of Summer 2003  expanded geographical (and impact) coverage

  • 10 August 2003, record temp - Faversham (Kent) reporting the highest at 38.5 °C.

  • Fourth warmest summer period on record


Daily maximum temperature probability of exceedance

Daily maximum temperature: probability of exceedance

Central England summer temperature

Baseline (1961-90)

31oC has 1% chance [I day per summer]

2080s, medium-high emissions

31oC has 11% chance

[11 days per summer]

39oC has 1% chance


Study on the economic effects of the 2003 heat wave on transport

Changes in average precipitation - Summer


Changes in average soil moisture content 2050s

Changes in average soil moisture content (2050s)


Summer 2003 impacts on roads

Summer 2003 impacts on roads

  • high temperatures - deformations in the surface of roads,

  • Type of road influences susceptibility to high temperatures, - asphalt and concrete behave in different ways.

  • Black surfaces melted and led to wheel rutting during summer of 2003. Causes aggregate to subside and the road to lose its grip (road-stone polishing).

  • (Other impacts):

    • cars with air conditioning had higher fuel use during the period;

    • vehicles were more susceptible to break-down – particularly from over heating.


Summer 2003 cambridgeshire

Summer 2003 - Cambridgeshire

  • Fens in Cambridgeshire made up of peat-containing wetland

  • Subsidence due to the desiccation and shrinkage of the peat deposits

  • Cambridgeshire County Council spent > £19 million on scheduled highway maintenance schemes.

  • Large number of additional structural maintenance schemes in need of urgent attention as a result of drought. Cost of schemes = £3.5 million.

  • Additional £1.1 million spent on emergency repairs of the highway due to cracking and deformation, which without attention would have left the roads in a dangerous condition.


Summer 2003 uk wide

Summer 2003 – UK-wide

  • Assumptions/limitations

    • Quantify costs associated with road subsidence.

    • Incidence confined to roads in management of local authorities Assumed to be because A-roads and Motorways built to different construction specification and therefore less vulnerable to subsidence.

    • Supporting this assumption, no additional funds were requested by UK Highways Agency for subsidence repair work following summer of 2003.

    • No estimates of time loss values and other WTP to avoid damage, e.g. to vehicles, as a result of road subsidence.  use restoration costs to proxy for impact costs


Summer 2003 uk wide costs

Summer 2003 – UK-wide costs

  • Costs split between local authority and central government:

  • local authorities have access to emergency running costs cover under 'Bellwin Scheme' in LG and Housing Act 1989 up to 85% of overall costs, <2 Months. 

  • If significant damage > 2 months months - DfT considers contingency funding

  • DfT policy: contribution to capital costs of reconstruction, though LA to spend > 15% of annual capital road maintenance grant

  • In this instance a number of counties, including Wiltshire, Surrey, Bedfordshire, Suffolk and Norfolk were not eligible for DfT additional support.


Uk regional road subsidence costs summer 2003

UK Regional road subsidence costs – Summer 2003


Uk county road subsidence cost shares summer 2003

UK County road subsidence cost shares – Summer 2003


Costs to all transport modes summer 2003

Costs to all transport modes – Summer 2003


Welfare costs benefits of hot weather event of summer 2003 in uk

Welfare Costs (Benefits) of Hot Weather Event of Summer 2003 in UK


Lessons for the future avoiding future damages examples of adaptation

Lessons for the future: Avoiding future damages – examples of adaptation

  • Reactive: repair regime as now

  • Proactive: up-grade road surfaces further from current British Standard (revised after hot summer of 1995).

  • Proactive Tree felling since trees remove moisture from soil and if close to road actually deform the road.


Lessons for the future cont

Lessons for the future (cont.)

Policy

  • Public bodies need to prepare for greater call on repair funds – if surfaces and road structures likely to remain vulnerable

  • Funding rules may need to be revisited

    Research

  • Since more pressure on funding likely, more attention on justification likely e.g. WTP to avoid time delays, frequency of events etc.


  • Login