Zebulon Pike and the Worst Birthday Ever. Gina Schaarschmidt, Teacher-Librarian Edith Wolford Elementary School Academy School District 20 Colorado Springs. 21 st Century Skill: Information Literacy.
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Gina Schaarschmidt, Teacher-Librarian
Edith Wolford Elementary School
Academy School District 20
The student accesses information efficiently and effectively by reading and understanding essential content of a range of informational texts and documents in all academic areas.
21st Century Skills in Colorado's Reading, Writing and Communicating Standards
From www.americanjourneys.org; Wisconsin Historical Society
Introduce/define primary source.
Connect previous knowledge and set the stage.
Demonstrate and practice reading an online primary source, using links and navigation features.
Introduce language conventions and vocabulary of the time period.
Practice reading the online primary source and summarizing the journal entries.
Construct and express new understandings .
Shown: 1920 Census, El Paso County ; 1880 Census, territory of South Dakota; journal excerpt National Archives
Pikes Peak photo from Wikimedia Commons. Snow photograph from Microsoft Office clipart.
December 25, 1806
January 5, 1807. The men are starving and freezing.
Colorado map from Microsoft clipartPike in Central Colorado map courtesy of Hal Jackson (map author) and the Pike National Historic Trail Association., www.zebulonpike.org.
Place on the page
November 27. They kept climbing. Reached the top of a peak but it wasn’t the right one. Pike thought the base of the “Grand Peak” was still 15 or 16 miles away. The snow was up to their waists. The temperature was 4 degrees below zero (Reaumer degrees). Pike gave up and said no one could climb that mountain.
If I were Zebulon Pike, I would want to climb that high mountain, too. If he could climb it, he would be able to see all around him. With his spyglass, he could have seen the rivers he was looking for and the other mountains. He would not have gotten lost.
But they didn’t know how hard it was to climb the mountain in the winter so they had to turn back.
Colorado Department of Education. (2008). 21st Century Skills in Colorado's Reading, Writing and Communicating Standards. Colorado Department of Education. Accessed February 28, 2013.
Houck, Tharen . Primary Sources. (n.d.) Blake, Heritage and Waite Elementary SchoolsMedina City School District. Accessed February 28, 2013.
Jackson, Hal. Pike in Central Colorado. (n.d.) Pike National Historic Trail Association. Accessed February 28, 2013.
National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, Council of Chief State School Officers. (2010). Common Core State Standards Grades 6-8 Reading Standards for Literacy in History, Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects.
Pike, Zebulon Montgomery. (1807). A Map of the Internal Provinces of New Spain. Library of Congress, Washington. JPEG file. Accessed February 28, 2013.
Pike, Zebulon Montgomery. (1810). An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and Through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun, Rivers. Philadelphia: Published by C. & A. Conrad, & Co.; Somervell & Conrad; Bonsal, Conrad and Co.; and Fielding Lucas, Jr. online facsimile edition at www.americanjourneys.org/aj-032/. Accessed February 28, 2013.