Zebulon pike and the worst birthday ever
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Zebulon Pike and the Worst Birthday Ever. Gina Schaarschmidt, Teacher-Librarian Edith Wolford Elementary School Academy School District 20 Colorado Springs. 21 st Century Skill: Information Literacy.

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Zebulon pike and the worst birthday ever

Zebulon Pike and the Worst Birthday Ever

Gina Schaarschmidt, Teacher-Librarian

Edith Wolford Elementary School

Academy School District 20

Colorado Springs


21 st century skill information literacy

21st Century Skill: Information Literacy

The student accesses information efficiently and effectively by reading and understanding essential content of a range of informational texts and documents in all academic areas.

21st Century Skills in Colorado's Reading, Writing and Communicating Standards

http://www.cde.state.co.us/CoReadingWriting/RWC_21st_Century_Skills.asp


Common core state standards

Common Core State Standards

  • 4th grade Reading, Writing and Communicating: Research and Reasoning

  • 4th grade Social Studies: History, Geography

  • Grades 6-8 Reading Standards for Literacy in History, Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects


Zebulon pike s 1806 1807 expedition

Zebulon Pike’s 1806-1807 Expedition

  • Started from St. Louis in July 1806 to:

    • make contact and negotiate peace with and among several American Indian groups,

    • explore the headwaters of the Arkansas River, locate the source of the Red River, and descend it to the Mississippi, and

    • “tour” the “interior parts of New Spain.”

From www.americanjourneys.org; Wisconsin Historical Society


Lesson framework

Lesson Framework

Introduce/define primary source.

Connect previous knowledge and set the stage.

Demonstrate and practice reading an online primary source, using links and navigation features.

Introduce language conventions and vocabulary of the time period.

Practice reading the online primary source and summarizing the journal entries.

Construct and express new understandings .


Links from library website

Links from library website


Introduce define primary source

Introduce/define primary source

  • Introduce census

    • John Apostolas

    • Laura Ingalls Wilder

  • Introduce journals

    • Laura Ingalls Wilder

    • Zebulon Pike

  • What is a primary source?

Shown: 1920 Census, El Paso County ; 1880 Census, territory of South Dakota; journal excerpt National Archives


Connect previous knowledge and set the stage

Connect previous knowledge and set the stage

  • What do you know about Zebulon Pike? The Louisiana Purchase?

  • What do you know about Colorado in the winter?

  • Can you see Pikes Peak from here? How longdo you think it would take to walk there and climb the mountain?

Pikes Peak photo from Wikimedia Commons. Snow photograph from Microsoft Office clipart.


Connect a cold christmas and a bad birthday

Connect: A cold Christmas and a bad birthday

December 25, 1806

January 5, 1807. The men are starving and freezing.


Pike in central colorado inquiry

Pike in Central Colorado: Inquiry

  • What do you make of the curvy paths?

  • The loops?

  • The timeframe?

Colorado map from Microsoft clipartPike in Central Colorado map courtesy of Hal Jackson (map author) and the Pike National Historic Trail Association., www.zebulonpike.org.


Decipher language and vocabulary

Decipher language and vocabulary

  • Mexican Mountains

  • Arkansaw

  • Pawnee

  • Tetaus

  • Dr. Robinson

  • Baroney

  • breastwork

  • Reaumer(Reaumur)


Read use links and navigation features

Read; use links and navigation features

Document identification

Page links

Place on the page

More tools

Text search


Summarize and construct new meanings

Summarize and construct new meanings

November 27. They kept climbing. Reached the top of a peak but it wasn’t the right one. Pike thought the base of the “Grand Peak” was still 15 or 16 miles away. The snow was up to their waists. The temperature was 4 degrees below zero (Reaumer degrees). Pike gave up and said no one could climb that mountain.

If I were Zebulon Pike, I would want to climb that high mountain, too. If he could climb it, he would be able to see all around him. With his spyglass, he could have seen the rivers he was looking for and the other mountains. He would not have gotten lost.

But they didn’t know how hard it was to climb the mountain in the winter so they had to turn back.


Resources and credits

Resources and Credits

Colorado Department of Education. (2008). 21st Century Skills in Colorado's Reading, Writing and Communicating Standards. Colorado Department of Education. Accessed February 28, 2013.

Houck, Tharen . Primary Sources. (n.d.) Blake, Heritage and Waite Elementary SchoolsMedina City School District. Accessed February 28, 2013.

Jackson, Hal. Pike in Central Colorado. (n.d.) Pike National Historic Trail Association. Accessed February 28, 2013.

National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, Council of Chief State School Officers. (2010). Common Core State Standards Grades 6-8 Reading Standards for Literacy in History, Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects.

Pike, Zebulon Montgomery. (1807). A Map of the Internal Provinces of New Spain. Library of Congress, Washington. JPEG file. Accessed February 28, 2013.

Pike, Zebulon Montgomery. (1810). An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and Through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun, Rivers. Philadelphia: Published by C. & A. Conrad, & Co.; Somervell & Conrad; Bonsal, Conrad and Co.; and Fielding Lucas, Jr. online facsimile edition at www.americanjourneys.org/aj-032/. Accessed February 28, 2013.


Gina schaarschmidt

Gina Schaarschmidt

  • Edith Wolford Elementary SchoolAcademy School District 20

  • [email protected]

  • www.asd20.org/ewe


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