25 Techniques of Situational Crime Prevention

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This presentation. Explain Situational Prevention (SCP)Compare POP and SCPDevelopment of 25 techniquesShow 25 techniques on Popcenter website. Crime Prevention. Intervening in the causal chain to prevent crime occurring. Two ways to prevent crime. Change people\'s criminal motivationsReduce opp
25 Techniques of Situational Crime Prevention

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1. 25 Techniques of Situational Crime Prevention Ronald V. Clarke Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Problem-Oriented Policing Conference Charlotte, October 28-30, 2004

2. This presentation Explain Situational Prevention (SCP) Compare POP and SCP Development of 25 techniques Show 25 techniques on Popcenter website

3. Crime Prevention Intervening in the causal chain to prevent crime occurring

4. Two ways to prevent crime Change people?s criminal motivations Reduce opportunities for crime

5. Situational crime prevention (SCP) Art and science of reducing opportunities for crime Based on new crime theories: Rational choice Routine activity Crime pattern

6. Focus of New Crime Theories Crime not criminality Events not dispositions Near not distant causes How? not Why? Situational and opportunity factors

7. POP and SCP SIMILARITIES Both preventive approaches Originated about same time (U.K./U.S.A.) Both focus on highly specific problems Both use action research model

8. Action research POP Scanning Analysis Response Assessment SCP Data collection Analysis of problem Choice of solution Implementation Evaluation

9. POP vs. SCP DIFFERENCES

10. POP and SCP CONVERGENCE Scholars intermingling Literatures converging Popcenter website contains much SCP material POP Guides make use of 25 techniques

11. 25 techniques 5 main mechanisms: Increase the Effort Increase the Risks Reduce the Rewards Reduce Provocations Remove Excuses 5 techniques for each (Handout)

12. 25 techniques (Continued) Why do we need this classification: Systematize knowledge Stimulus for research Practical guide ? have you considered these?

13. Why 25 techniques? Grew from 8, 12, 16 to 25: Developments in theory: Originally rational choice /routine activity Neutralization theory (Matza) Social Psychology (Wortley) New preventive ideas New technology

14. Limitations Not all techniques equally suitable for all crimes: Remove excuses best for ?everyday? crimes Reduce provocations best for closed environments

15. Limitations (2) Techniques overlap - Increasing effort can increase risk Some preventive measures can serve more than one purpose Best used to help thinking at Response

17. Clean Cars on NYC Subway (Reduce rewards)

18. CCTV Installed in 1985 at University parking lots (Increase risks) CRIMES


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