Single  Slider  Crank  Chain
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Single Slider Crank Chain In a four bar kinematic chain there are four revolute pairs. If one of this pairs is changed as prismatic/sliding pair that kinematic chain is called single slider crank chain. Link 1 – Fixed Link Link 3 – Connecting Rod

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Single Slider Crank Chain

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Single slider crank chain

Single Slider Crank Chain

In a four bar kinematic chain there are four revolute pairs. If one of this pairs is changed as prismatic/sliding pair that kinematic chain is called single slider crank chain.

Link 1 – Fixed Link Link 3 – Connecting Rod

Link 2 – Crank Link 4 – Slider / Piston


Single slider crank chain

Inversions of Single Slider Crank Chain

As there are four links, fixing each link in turn, four inversions can be obtained.

In the first inversion, where the link with one revolute pair and one prismatic pair is fixed.

Example: 1) I.C. Engine mechanism, in which the fourth link piston is the input and the crank is output. 2) In air compressor, in which the second link crank is the input and the piston is the output.


Single slider crank chain

2

3

1

4

Link 2 is fixed

Second Inversion of Single Slider Crank Chain

Second link in the original chain, ie., crank with two revolute pairs is fixed, second inversion is obtained.


Single slider crank chain

Examples for the Second Inversion:

1. Whitworth Quick Return Mechanism

2. Rotary Engine Mechanism


Single slider crank chain

Third Inversion of Single Slider Crank Chain

Third link of the original chain, ie., Connecting Rod with two revolute pairs (length of this link is more than crank) is fixed to obtain third inversion.

Example: 1. Oscillating Cylinder Mechanism

2. Crank and slotted lever quick return

mechanism


Single slider crank chain

Crank and Slotted Lever Quick Return Mechanism


Single slider crank chain

Fourth Inversion of Single Slider Crank Chain

In the original chain, if the fourth link with revolute pair and prismatic pair is fixed, then the fourth inversion is obtained.

Example : Hand Pump


Single slider crank chain

Double Slider Crank Chain

This Chain has two revolute pairs and two prismatic pairs. The first inversion is with a link with revolute pair and prismatic pair is fixed.

Example: Scotch Yoke Mechanism, which is also called as Sinusoidal Generator.


Single slider crank chain

The Second inversion of the double slider crank chain is obtained when the link with two prismatic pairs is fixed.

Example : Elliptic Trammel

X = BC cosθ

Y = AC sinθ

(X / BC) = cosθ

(Y / AC) = sinθ

(X2 / BC2) = cos2θ

(Y2 / AC2) = sin2θ

(X2 / BC2) + (Y2 / AC2) = cos2θ + sin2θ ( = 1

Equation for Ellipse.


Single slider crank chain

Third inversion of the double slider crank chain is obtained when the link two revolute pairs is fixed.

Example: Oldham coupling, which is used to connect two parallel misaligned shafts.


Single slider crank chain

Straight Line Mechanisms

1.Chebyshev Straight Line Mechanism

L1 = 2 Units, L 2 = L 4 = 2.5 Units, L 3 = 1 Unit

P is the mid-point of L 3

This is a Double-Rocker Mechanism


Single slider crank chain

2. Hoekens Straight Line Mechanism

L 1 = 2 Units, L 2 = 1 Unit, L 3 =L 4 = 2.5 Units

Coupler point location from A is 5 units

This is a Crank-Rocker Mechanism

L 3


Single slider crank chain

3.Roberts Straight Line Mechanism

L1 = 2 Units, L2 = L3 = L4 = 1 Unit

Coupler Point P is 1 unit each from both pin joint centres of coupler. This is a non-Grashofian Double Rocker.

L 3

L1

L1


Single slider crank chain

4. Watt’s Straight Line Mechanism

L1 = L3 = 2 Units, L2 = 1 Units

Fixed link length is 4 units, and the coupler point P is mid point of the coupler. This is, also, a non-Grashofian Double Rocker mechanism.

L1


Single slider crank chain

5.Peaucellier Exact Straight Line Mechanism

L1 = L2 , L3 = L4 , L5 = L6 = L7 = L8

Free end point of the Rhombus will trace Exact Straight Line

If, L1 ≠ L2 , then the same point will trace a circular arc with

very large radius, much larger than the link lengths.

L1


Single slider crank chain

Ratchet and Pawl

RATCHET is a device that allows rotary or linear motion in only one direction. It can be used to move a toothed wheel one tooth at a time. The part which is used to move the ratchet is known as the PAWL. Motion developed by a ratchet is intermittent motion. They are also used in the freewheel mechanism of bicycle, clocks, screwdrivers, jacks, and hoists.

ESCAPEMENTS are generally used in clocks with mechanical motions. In clocks the escapement controls the spring driven clock mechanism such that it moves in regulated steps controlled by a pendulum or an oscillating arm.


Single slider crank chain

  • Ratchets and Escapements


Single slider crank chain

  • Animation of Ratchet and Pawl Mechanism


Single slider crank chain

  • Indexing Mechanisms

  • A simple index mechanism consists

  • of a hold or a hook that catches a pin on on an index wheel. The Clutch slips

  • until a solenoid pulls the hold away,

  • which frees the wheels to turn.

  • Geneva Mechanisms are often used

  • in machine tools. They are capable

  • of indexing or partially rotating some

  • part of a machine. In cinema projectors Geneva stop is used to move the film on one frame at a time.


Single slider crank chain

Animation of Indexing Mechanisms

External Geneva Wheel Internal Geneva Wheel


Single slider crank chain

  • Animation Contd…


Single slider crank chain

  • Double Slider Driven Geneva Mechanism

  • The pin at the mid point of the green link, which moves in a circular path, drives a Geneva mechanism – used to provide intermittent motion.


Single slider crank chain

Rocking Mechanisms

  • 1.Crank Rocker Mechanism

  • 2.Quick Return Mechanism

  • 3. Cam and Oscillating

  • Follower Mechanism

  • n 4. Toothed Rack System

    (1) (2)

  • (3) (4)


Single slider crank chain

Offset Slider Mechanism


Acknowledgment

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

To innumerable websites in the internet, and to all those who have uploaded their knowledge, imaginations, ideas, graphic skills etc., on these websites.

Also, to all those(including my parents, son, teachers, friends, and relatives), from pre-historic days to to-day, who have registered their knowledge, imaginations, thoughts etc., through different means and mediums.


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