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Sustainability considerations: Industry and developing countries. Low Carbon Energy for Development LCEDN Workshop World Café 1. Dr Rocio A Diaz Chavez Centre for Environmental Policy Imperial College London ( [email protected] ) SCOPE 2010 Award Young Scientist.

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Sustainability considerations:

Industry and developing countries

Low Carbon Energy for Development

LCEDN Workshop

World Café 1

Dr Rocio A Diaz Chavez

Centre for Environmental Policy

Imperial College London

([email protected])

SCOPE 2010 Award Young Scientist

Sustainable development
Sustainable development

  • Sustainable development- effective implementation needs participation

  • Environmental management tools such as ESIA and SEA include public participation (stakeholders)

  • “Social sustainable development” has social elements considered. Also included in some international conventions e.g. ILO

  • Included in some voluntary standards

Methodologies for sustainability assessment
Methodologies for sustainability assessment

  • Indicators (criteria, principles)

  • LCA

  • SEA

  • ESIA

  • Mapping stakeholders

  • Corporate Social Responsibility

  • Sustainability Reporting


Regional and local levels




Data & indicators

Policy & Institutions




  • Land use change

  • Environmental impacts

  • LCA and supply chain

  • GHG and other emissions (e.g. NOx, particulates)

  • Waste

  • national, regional and local economy

  • livelihoods

  • Incentives

  • Barriers

  • LCA Social impacts

  • GHG and other emissions (health)

  • social organisation

  • Land property

  • Gender

  • policies plans & projects

  • Directives

  • Incentives

  • Barriers

  • Institutional capacity




(Diaz-Chavez, 2003, 2006)

Cumulative and indirect impacts

Whose sustainability?

(Dalal-Clayton, & Daler, 2005)

Eu recognised schemes for biofuels 2012
EU-recognised schemes for biofuels (2012)

  • ISCC (German (government financed) scheme covering all types of biofuels)

  • Bonsucro EU (Roundtable initiative for sugarcane based biofuels, focus on Brazil)

  • RTRS EU RED (Roundtable initiative for soy based biofuels, focus on Argentina and Brazil)

  • RSB EU RED (Roundtable initiative covering all types of biofuels)

  • 2BSvs (French industry scheme covering all types of biofuels)

  • RSBA (Industry scheme for Abengoa covering their supply chain)

  • Greenergy (Industry scheme for Greenergy covering sugar cane ethanol from Brazil)

  • Ensus(production of ethanol)

  • Red Tractor (Verification system for farms with mixed crops and sugarbeet)

  • SQC (Scottish Quality Farm Assured Combinable Crops (SQC) scheme)

  • Red Cert (For EU MS and Ukraine and Belarussia for biofuels)

  • NTA 8080 National Dutch system

Eu monitoring for red
EU Monitoring for RED

Red list

Invasive species

Threats: N

Ecosystems coverage

Habitats of interest

Conservation areas

Protected areas

Ecosystems goods and services

Fragmentation of habitats



Land use and ILUC

Ecosystem services

Ecosystem assessment




Market development
Market development Economy

Manufacturing sector jobs index (2005=100)

Land deals
Land deals Economy

Source: (Land Matrix, 2013)

Other considerations
Other considerations Economy

  • Other Low carbon technologies

  • Difference of scale (industrial?)

  • Solar and wind other sustainability issues

  • Additional resources such as Equator Principles (IFC) for larger projects

  • SME should also be supporting sustainability issues (?)

What to consider
What to consider Economy





End use



Chemicals ( sub-classification)


Certification final products

World caf information
World Café information Economy

  • Tables 8-10 participants

  • 1 Secretary per table

  • 4 questions, 10 minutes each

  • First, quick poll

  • Second, discussion

  • Secretaries quick feedback end of session

Questions Economy

  • Does low-carbon energy mean “sustainable”?

  • Should sustainability criteria be applied to all low carbon technologies / products and across all scales?

  • Should sustainability criteria influence global markets to promote low carbon technologies and products?

  • Should the private sector support sustainability criteria and standards or should it be public policy driven?