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Sustainability considerations: Industry and developing countries. Low Carbon Energy for Development LCEDN Workshop World Café 1. Dr Rocio A Diaz Chavez Centre for Environmental Policy Imperial College London ( [email protected] ) SCOPE 2010 Award Young Scientist.

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Sustainability considerations industry and developing countries

Sustainability considerations:

Industry and developing countries

Low Carbon Energy for Development

LCEDN Workshop

World Café 1

Dr Rocio A Diaz Chavez

Centre for Environmental Policy

Imperial College London

([email protected])

SCOPE 2010 Award Young Scientist


Sustainable development

Sustainable development

  • Sustainable development- effective implementation needs participation

  • Environmental management tools such as ESIA and SEA include public participation (stakeholders)

  • “Social sustainable development” has social elements considered. Also included in some international conventions e.g. ILO

  • Included in some voluntary standards


Methodologies for sustainability assessment

Methodologies for sustainability assessment

  • Indicators (criteria, principles)

  • LCA

  • SEA

  • ESIA

  • Mapping stakeholders

  • Corporate Social Responsibility

  • Sustainability Reporting


Sustainability considerations industry and developing countries

Objectives

Regional and local levels

Research

Demonstration

Enforcement

Data & indicators

Policy & Institutions

Environmental

Economic

Social

  • Land use change

  • Environmental impacts

  • LCA and supply chain

  • GHG and other emissions (e.g. NOx, particulates)

  • Waste

  • national, regional and local economy

  • livelihoods

  • Incentives

  • Barriers

  • LCA Social impacts

  • GHG and other emissions (health)

  • social organisation

  • Land property

  • Gender

  • policies plans & projects

  • Directives

  • Incentives

  • Barriers

  • Institutional capacity

FRAMEWORK

Traditional

focus

(Diaz-Chavez, 2003, 2006)

Cumulative and indirect impacts


Sustainability considerations industry and developing countries

Whose sustainability?

(Dalal-Clayton, & Daler, 2005)


Eu recognised schemes for biofuels 2012

EU-recognised schemes for biofuels (2012)

  • ISCC (German (government financed) scheme covering all types of biofuels)

  • Bonsucro EU (Roundtable initiative for sugarcane based biofuels, focus on Brazil)

  • RTRS EU RED (Roundtable initiative for soy based biofuels, focus on Argentina and Brazil)

  • RSB EU RED (Roundtable initiative covering all types of biofuels)

  • 2BSvs (French industry scheme covering all types of biofuels)

  • RSBA (Industry scheme for Abengoa covering their supply chain)

  • Greenergy (Industry scheme for Greenergy covering sugar cane ethanol from Brazil)

  • Ensus(production of ethanol)

  • Red Tractor (Verification system for farms with mixed crops and sugarbeet)

  • SQC (Scottish Quality Farm Assured Combinable Crops (SQC) scheme)

  • Red Cert (For EU MS and Ukraine and Belarussia for biofuels)

  • NTA 8080 National Dutch system


Global bioenergy partnership gbep

Global Bioenergy Partnership GBEP


Eu monitoring for red

EU Monitoring for RED

Red list

Invasive species

Threats: N

Ecosystems coverage

Habitats of interest

Conservation areas

Protected areas

Ecosystems goods and services

Fragmentation of habitats

Biodiversity

GHG

Land use and ILUC

Ecosystem services

Ecosystem assessment

Watersheds

Agriculture

Forestry


Policies regulations and programmes related to biobased economy

Policies, regulations and programmes related to Biobased Economy


Market development

Market development

Manufacturing sector jobs index (2005=100)


Land deals

Land deals

Source: (Land Matrix, 2013)


Other considerations

Other considerations

  • Other Low carbon technologies

  • Difference of scale (industrial?)

  • Solar and wind other sustainability issues

  • Additional resources such as Equator Principles (IFC) for larger projects

  • SME should also be supporting sustainability issues (?)


What to consider

What to consider

Feedstock

Transport

Pathway

Products

End use

Fuel

Fodder

Chemicals ( sub-classification)

skills

Certification final products


World caf information

World Café information

  • Tables 8-10 participants

  • 1 Secretary per table

  • 4 questions, 10 minutes each

  • First, quick poll

  • Second, discussion

  • Secretaries quick feedback end of session


Questions

Questions

  • Does low-carbon energy mean “sustainable”?

  • Should sustainability criteria be applied to all low carbon technologies / products and across all scales?

  • Should sustainability criteria influence global markets to promote low carbon technologies and products?

  • Should the private sector support sustainability criteria and standards or should it be public policy driven?


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