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George Washington: The Innovative Farmer

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George Washington: The Innovative Farmer. Innovation. What does innovation mean? What are some examples of innovation in society today? What do you think innovation looked like during G.W.’s time?. The skilled and manual labor needed to run Mount Vernon was largely provided by slaves.

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Presentation Transcript
innovation
Innovation
  • What does innovation mean?
  • What are some examples of innovation in society today?
  • What do you think innovation looked like during G.W.’s time?
colonial farming
Colonial Farming
  • First settlers arrived in Virginia in 1607.
  • They grew tobacco as their cash crop.
  • American farmers grew tobacco for profit.
  • The average farmer owned between 100 and 300 acres of land.
  • The owning a lot of land was

important because land

stood for wealth and power.

tobacco to wheat
Tobacco to Wheat
  • For many years, tobacco was George Washington’s main crop.
  • However, tobacco was labor intensive to produce and quickly depleted the soil of valuable nutrients.
  • The field then had to lay empty for an estimated 20 years to regain the nutrients necessary to support agriculture.
  • Washington felt this was a wasteful approach to farming.
  • In the mid-1760s, Washington began to experiment with growing wheat.
  • Although he continued to grow some tobacco, by the early 1770s, wheat had become Washington’s primary cash crop.
growing harvesting wheat
Growing & Harvesting Wheat
  • Cradlers cut the wheat in the field.
  • Rakers gathered the cut wheat.
  • Shockers tied the wheat into bundles.
  • Conners stacked the bundles before it was carted to a barn.
washington s innovative practices
Washington’s Innovative Practices
  • New process for treading wheat
  • Soil Conservation
  • Composting
  • Fertilizing
  • Designing and building a barrel seeder
  • Crop rotation
questions
Questions
  • What are some examples of Washington’s innovative farming practices?
  • Why did Washington change his cash crop from tobacco to wheat?
  • Explain how the 16 sided barn changed the treading process.
  • What did you learn about George Washington and farming that you’d like to research further?
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