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Health Education for Underserved Populations. Johanna Chase, MA CHES Health Education Consultant North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. One North Carolina. “A state where all residents and citizens have the same chances no matter where they live or what their ethnicity.”

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health education for underserved populations

Health Education for Underserved Populations

Johanna Chase, MA CHES

Health Education Consultant

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction

one north carolina
One North Carolina

“A state where all residents and citizens have the same chances no matter where they live or what their ethnicity.”

Mary Easley, First Lady of North Carolina

slide3
NC has the fastest growing Latino population in the US
  • By 2040, 22% of US will be Latino
  • 34 % of NC Latinos speak English poorly while 50% speak English74% less than very well
  • 74% of NC Latinos age 16+ are in the labor force while 69% are employed (transportation, construction, farming)

NC Latino Health Task Force, 2003

goals for all students
Goals for all students
  • Graduate prepared for work or post-secondary education
  • Demonstrate knowledge, skills, and application of concepts
  • Become globally prepared
  • Become responsible decision makers
nc child health assessment and monitoring program champs 2006
NC Child Health Assessment and Monitoring Program ( CHAMPS, 2006)

CHILDREN SHOWN LOVE / MO

IN POVERTY

ABSENT > 1 week / mo.

PARENTS UNEMPLOYED

NO INSURANCE

slide6
..."Every child should be taught [that] everything connected with health, happiness, and long life depends upon health;

HIPPOCRATES

healthy people 2010
HEALTHY PEOPLE 2010
  • Eliminate health disparities
  • Access to health care for all
  • Adopt health promoting behaviors in youth
    • calculated risk-taking behavior to avoid injury
    • increase ingestion of fruits/vegetables
    • increase physical activity
    • avoid tobacco use
    • avoid alcohol and other drugs
    • address sexual behaviors that result HIV, STDs or unintended pregnancy
slide8
What are the barriers to accessing health care?
  • transportation,
  • language,
  • lack of knowledge,
  • cultural norms

IPAS, NC 2003

why health education
Why Health Education?
  • 53 million children are enrolled in 120,000 schools everyday (ASCD,1998)
  • Feeling safe at school, eating breakfast, avoiding alcohol/drugs, staying physically active, and sleep are all related to improved academic performance

( CHKS, 2002)

  • 60%-80% of chronic disease is stress-related (CDC, 2002)
  • 75% of all deaths between ages 10-25 are injuries (CDC,2002)
  • 67% of all deaths over age 25 are CVD or cancer (CDC, 2002)
  • Resilient youth are (Hawkins/Catalano, 1999)
    • 19% less likely to commit violent acts
    • 38% less likely to binge drink
    • 13% likely to engage in sexual intercourse
    • 35% less likely to become pregnant
health continuum health literacy
HEALTH CONTINUUM & HEALTH LITERACY

WELLNESS

LONGEVITY

QUALITY OF LIFE

ILLNESS

DISEASE

DEATH

RESPONSIBLE DECISION-MAKING

health
HEALTH

WELL BEING

Physical

Mental

Social

Intellectual

Cultural

Spiritual

required skills
REQUIRED SKILLS
  • INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
  • DECISION MAKING
  • GOAL SETTING
  • HEALTH ADVOCACY
  • SELF MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH
  • ANALYZING INFLUENCES
  • ACCESSING INFORMATION
  • UNDERSTANDING CONCEPTS
health literate people are
Health Literate People Are…
  • Critical thinkers and problem-solvers that can make sound responsible health decisions.
  • Responsible and productive citizens who recognize the need to keep their communities safe, healthy, and secure.
  • Effective communicators who assist others in reducing risk-taking health compromising behaviors.
  • Able to apply health promotion and disease prevention skills in various situations as they mature to a higher health status.
healthful living standard course of study health education
Healthful Living Standard Course of Study/Health Education
  • Is K- High School instruction
  • Develops life skills
  • Is multicultural
  • Is an opportunity for enrichment
  • Teaches the concepts, skills, and strategies used everyday
  • Connects to community resources
  • Requires student engagement
  • Requires parent engagement
resources
RESOURCES
  • SCHOOL NURSING
  • COORDINATED SCHOOL HEALTH
  • SCHOOL HEALTH ADVISORY COUNCILS
  • PARENT LIAISONS
  • AREA HEALTH ED CENTERS
  • STATE RESOURCES
  • SCHOOL HEALTH EDUCATORS
  • LEP COORDINATORS
slide17
NC Mental Health Association

http://www.mha-nc.org/education.htm

NC Health Choice for Children

http://www.dhhs.state.nc.us/dma

North Carolina Collaborative for Children Families and Youth

http://www.nccollaborative.org

Minority Health Project, UNC/CH

http://www.minority.unc.edu/

NC Office of Minority Health

http://www.ncminorityhealth.org/

Area Health Education Centers

http://www.ncahec.net/

North Carolina Farm Bureau

http://www.ncfb.com/

Healthful Living at NCDPI

http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/healthfulliving

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