Health education for underserved populations
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Health Education for Underserved Populations. Johanna Chase, MA CHES Health Education Consultant North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. One North Carolina. “A state where all residents and citizens have the same chances no matter where they live or what their ethnicity.”

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Health Education for Underserved Populations

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Health education for underserved populations

Health Education for Underserved Populations

Johanna Chase, MA CHES

Health Education Consultant

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction


One north carolina

One North Carolina

“A state where all residents and citizens have the same chances no matter where they live or what their ethnicity.”

Mary Easley, First Lady of North Carolina


Health education for underserved populations

  • NC has the fastest growing Latino population in the US

  • By 2040, 22% of US will be Latino

  • 34 % of NC Latinos speak English poorly while 50% speak English74% less than very well

  • 74% of NC Latinos age 16+ are in the labor force while 69% are employed (transportation, construction, farming)

NC Latino Health Task Force, 2003


Goals for all students

Goals for all students

  • Graduate prepared for work or post-secondary education

  • Demonstrate knowledge, skills, and application of concepts

  • Become globally prepared

  • Become responsible decision makers


Nc child health assessment and monitoring program champs 2006

NC Child Health Assessment and Monitoring Program ( CHAMPS, 2006)

CHILDREN SHOWN LOVE / MO

IN POVERTY

ABSENT > 1 week / mo.

PARENTS UNEMPLOYED

NO INSURANCE


Health education for underserved populations

..."Every child should be taught [that] everything connected with health, happiness, and long life depends upon health;

HIPPOCRATES


Healthy people 2010

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2010

  • Eliminate health disparities

  • Access to health care for all

  • Adopt health promoting behaviors in youth

    • calculated risk-taking behavior to avoid injury

    • increase ingestion of fruits/vegetables

    • increase physical activity

    • avoid tobacco use

    • avoid alcohol and other drugs

    • address sexual behaviors that result HIV, STDs or unintended pregnancy


Health education for underserved populations

What are the barriers to accessing health care?

  • transportation,

  • language,

  • lack of knowledge,

  • cultural norms

    IPAS, NC 2003


Why health education

Why Health Education?

  • 53 million children are enrolled in 120,000 schools everyday (ASCD,1998)

  • Feeling safe at school, eating breakfast, avoiding alcohol/drugs, staying physically active, and sleep are all related to improved academic performance

    ( CHKS, 2002)

  • 60%-80% of chronic disease is stress-related (CDC, 2002)

  • 75% of all deaths between ages 10-25 are injuries (CDC,2002)

  • 67% of all deaths over age 25 are CVD or cancer (CDC, 2002)

  • Resilient youth are (Hawkins/Catalano, 1999)

    • 19% less likely to commit violent acts

    • 38% less likely to binge drink

    • 13% likely to engage in sexual intercourse

    • 35% less likely to become pregnant


Health continuum health literacy

HEALTH CONTINUUM & HEALTH LITERACY

WELLNESS

LONGEVITY

QUALITY OF LIFE

ILLNESS

DISEASE

DEATH

RESPONSIBLE DECISION-MAKING


Health

HEALTH

WELL BEING

Physical

Mental

Social

Intellectual

Cultural

Spiritual


Required skills

REQUIRED SKILLS

  • INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION

  • DECISION MAKING

  • GOAL SETTING

  • HEALTH ADVOCACY

  • SELF MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH

  • ANALYZING INFLUENCES

  • ACCESSING INFORMATION

  • UNDERSTANDING CONCEPTS


Health literate people are

Health Literate People Are…

  • Critical thinkers and problem-solvers that can make sound responsible health decisions.

  • Responsible and productive citizens who recognize the need to keep their communities safe, healthy, and secure.

  • Effective communicators who assist others in reducing risk-taking health compromising behaviors.

  • Able to apply health promotion and disease prevention skills in various situations as they mature to a higher health status.


Health education for underserved populations

Develop an enduring understanding


Healthful living standard course of study health education

Healthful Living Standard Course of Study/Health Education

  • Is K- High School instruction

  • Develops life skills

  • Is multicultural

  • Is an opportunity for enrichment

  • Teaches the concepts, skills, and strategies used everyday

  • Connects to community resources

  • Requires student engagement

  • Requires parent engagement


Resources

RESOURCES

  • SCHOOL NURSING

  • COORDINATED SCHOOL HEALTH

  • SCHOOL HEALTH ADVISORY COUNCILS

  • PARENT LIAISONS

  • AREA HEALTH ED CENTERS

  • STATE RESOURCES

  • SCHOOL HEALTH EDUCATORS

  • LEP COORDINATORS


Health education for underserved populations

NC Mental Health Association

http://www.mha-nc.org/education.htm

NC Health Choice for Children

http://www.dhhs.state.nc.us/dma

North Carolina Collaborative for Children Families and Youth

http://www.nccollaborative.org

Minority Health Project, UNC/CH

http://www.minority.unc.edu/

NC Office of Minority Health

http://www.ncminorityhealth.org/

Area Health Education Centers

http://www.ncahec.net/

North Carolina Farm Bureau

http://www.ncfb.com/

Healthful Living at NCDPI

http://www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/healthfulliving


Your actions your world

Your Actions, Your World

THANK YOU!


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