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English for Careers Chapter 1 Mastering Language— Resources and Words Your goals for Chapter 1: Develop the “dictionary habit” Use all parts of your dictionary Use a thesaurus Use a reference manual Expand your vocabulary Why study the English language?

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English for careers l.jpg

English for Careers

Chapter 1

Mastering Language—

Resources and Words


Your goals for chapter 1 l.jpg
Your goals for Chapter 1:

Develop the “dictionary habit”

Use all parts of your dictionary

Use a thesaurus

Use a reference manual

Expand your vocabulary


Why study the english language l.jpg
Why study the English language?

Standard English is the language of the workplace.

It is essential to career success.


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Vocabulary-building tools …

Books

General interest magazines/Web sites

Trade organization journals/Web sites

Radio and television

Speeches and lectures

Conversations


Help you develop strong communication skills l.jpg
Help you develop strong communication skills:

Vocabulary

Pronunciation

Standard English

Current usage

Industry language

Career information


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Dictionaries describe how English is used, including:

slang

street language

and other non-Standard words

AIN’T has been in some dictionaries since 1951!


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Dictionaries don’t prescribe how to use words…

They just tell you how words are used…

It’s up to YOU to make intelligent and appropriate word choices!


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The dictionary helps you decide.

So does your textbook,

which focuses on Standard English – spoken and written in the workplace


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Can you identify these printed versions?

Abridged

Pocket

College

Encyclopedic

Unabridged

Combination


Now see if you can identify various sections of a dictionary l.jpg
Now see if you can identify various sections of a dictionary:

Front Matter

Everything before the first A word

Entries

All words from A to Z

Back Matter

Everything after the last Z word


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History of a word dictionary:

Context in which the word is used

Words derived from entry word

Show alphabetical range of page

Identify parts of a dictionary entry:

Etymology

Usage label

Run-ins

Guide words


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Some words have more than one correct spelling. dictionary:

The spelling shown first is the preferred spelling.

The dictionary will show them joined by “or” - the.ater or the.atre

When “also” precedes a second spelling, the second one is less acceptable.

lovable also loveable

Avoid using the second one in business writing.


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The dictionary also clarifies when compound words require hyphens.

hand-me-down

apple pie

nationwide

recover (get well) or re-cover (cover again)


Dictionaries use codes here are possible examples for the word interpret l.jpg
Dictionaries use codes. Here are possible examples for the word interpret:

Syllables – in.ter.pret

Pronunciation – in-'tƏr-prƏt, -pƏt

Definitions – to explain or construe meaning

Parts of speech – n. adj. conj. vt. vi.

Etymology – Middle English, French, & Latin


If you re writing and you can t think of the right word where should you look for inspiration l.jpg
If you’re writing and you can’t think of the right word, where should you look for inspiration?

A Thesaurus


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A thesaurus lists word, where should you look for inspiration?

Synonyms

Antonyms

and other related words


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Can you think of a better word? word, where should you look for inspiration?

  • Offensive

    unsuitable

  • Ugly

    unattractive

  • No good

    not acceptable


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Can you think of a better word? word, where should you look for inspiration?

Stupid

unintelligent

Outdated

retro

Bad

unsatisfactory


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How a REFERENCE MANUAL can help you… word, where should you look for inspiration?

Explains grammar rules and shows examples of proper sentence structure.

Lists rules for …

Punctuation

Capitalization

Expressing numbers in writing

Abbreviations … and more


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Other uses for a reference manual … word, where should you look for inspiration?

Answers word questions – choosing the correct spelling and usage of “troublesome” words

Provides writing guidelines – content, tone, paragraphs, sentences, and writing style

Shows formats for producing business documents


Checkpoint l.jpg
Checkpoint word, where should you look for inspiration?

Your Keys to Career Success

Expand your vocabulary

Use Standard English

Read widely

Use reference tools and resources


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