Absolutism and Enlightenment. The Commercial Revolution. Although most of Europe remained agricultural during this period, the fastest growing part of the European economy was the trade of goods, especially those manufactured in Europe or brought from Asia and the Americas
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Here’s a video explaining Mercantilism
Church as early as 1534
period was John Locke.
experiments and to publish his work in detail
poked fun at traditional authority in society, government and church. His views on religious toleration and intellectual freedom influenced leaders of the American and French Revolutions
believed a government should express the “general will” of the people. His book, The Social Contract, helped to inspire the democratic ideals of the French Revolution
Baron de Montesquieu
argued for a separation of powers in government as a check against tyranny. His book, The Spirit of Laws, encouraged the development of a system of checks and balances later in the U.S. Constitution
described capitalism in, The Wealth of Nations. He explained how competition and the division of labor help to guide a free-market system based on self-interest. He argued that a government should follow a laissez faire or “hands off” policy towards the economy