Understanding Scale
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Understanding Scale. SCALE: a comparison of distances on a map to distances on the earth. METHODS OF PORTRAYING SCALE ON A MAP: Graphic Scale = scale bar Verbal Scale = written statement Fractional Scale = representative fraction. What kind of scale?. “One inch to 5 miles”.

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Understanding scale

Understanding Scale


Scale a comparison of distances on a map to distances on the earth

SCALE:a comparison of distances on a map to distances on the earth

  • METHODS OF PORTRAYING SCALE ON A MAP:

  • Graphic Scale = scale bar

  • Verbal Scale = written statement

  • Fractional Scale = representative fraction


Understanding scale

What kind of scale?

“One inch to 5 miles”

Verbal scale


Understanding scale

What kind of scale?

1:316,800 or 1/316,800

Fractional Scale


Understanding scale

What kind of scale?

Graphic Scale


Understanding scale

Scale: One of the “map essentials”!


Understanding scale

When scale is not shown on a map – Beware!


Understanding scale

The Week Magazine, July 4-11, 2008


Understanding scale

These mushroom spores are too small to see, so we put them under a MICROSCOPE.

When we can see them, we can study them.


Understanding scale

This planet is too big to see,

so we put it under a MACROSCOPE.

When we can see it, we can study it.


Scale is critical to critical thinking

Scale is Critical to Critical Thinking

  • Using reason to decide what to believe

  • Helps you assess the authenticity and accuracy of information

  • Helps you apply careful, precise, persistent and objective analysis of any knowledge claim or belief to judge its validity.


Understanding scale

Format of Many pre-1914 German School Atlases


Understanding scale

Comparative Size of Germany and USA in 1914


Understanding scale

  • ETHNIC CONFLICT AND THE CONCEPT OF SCALE

  • Ethnic conflicts abound on the world political map. To understand them, we use a set of concepts:

    • minorities

    • majorities


Understanding scale

What is a minority?

“the smaller in number of two groups constituting a whole”

- Merriam-Webster OnLine

Djibouti’s Ethnic Composition:

Somali 60%

Afar 35%


Serendib

SERENDIB

CEYLON

SRI LANKA


Understanding scale

  • Sri Lanka

  • Formerly Ceylon, now an island Republic in the Indian Ocean just southeast of India

  • A British colony since 1796 became independent in 1948

  • Marked by hostility among its ethnic groups


Understanding scale

With about three-quarters of the population, what ethnic group in Sri Lanka is in the majority?

  • Moors

  • Sinhalese

  • Tamils

  • Burghers


Understanding scale

SINHALESE

Language =

Sinhala

Buddhist

Religion =


Understanding scale

With about one-fifth of the population, what ethnic group in Sri Lanka comprises the largest minority?

  • Moors

  • Sinhalese

  • Tamils

  • Burghers


Understanding scale

TAMILS

Language =

Tamil

Religion =

Hindu


Understanding scale

Leaves from Pipul tree

Are Buddhist symbols

Lion – Kingdom of Kandy

Sinhalese

Green – Muslim

Orange - Tamil


Understanding scale

Ethnic comes from the Greek word ethnos meaning “nation” or “life way.” Yet, in our current lexicon we use it to describe a country. Within nations exist ethnic minorities.

Sri Lanka: 4 million Tamils

Sri Lanka:15 million Sinhalese


Understanding scale

Ethnic Geography:

Who’s the minority?

Sri Lanka: 4 million Tamils

Sri Lanka:15 million Sinhalese

India:63 million Tamils

India:no Sinhalese


Understanding scale

Religious Geography:

Sri Lanka: 4 million Hindus

Sri Lanka: 15 million Buddhists

India:800 million Hindus

India:very few Buddhists


Understanding scale

  • The Buddhist Realm:

  • Sri Lanka:15 million Buddhists

  • Ladakh (India)200,000 Buddhists

    • Bhutan2 million Buddhists

  • Tibet3 million Buddhists

  • Myanmar50 million Buddhists

  • Thailand60 million Buddhists

  • ChinaBuddhist?


Pattern probing using scale

Pattern Probing Using Scale

  • If we are close,

    Then, we see lots of detail, but may not recognize overall patterns.

  • If we are far away,

    Then we miss lots of detail, but recognize overall patterns.


Understanding scale

How does the use of a “macroscope” change your view of the following islands?

●Ireland:

Who’s the minority? Catholics or Protestants?

●Cyprus:

Who’s the minority? Greeks or Turks?

●Timor:

Who’s the minority? Muslims or Christians?


Scale a comparison of distances on a map to distances on the earth1

SCALE:a comparison of distances on a map to distances on the earth

  • METHODS OF PORTRAYING SCALE ON A MAP:

  • Graphic Scale = scale bar

  • Verbal Scale = written statement

  • Fractional Scale = representative fraction


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