ISGIP Project. ISGIP Project started in January 2010 as its aim to improve working conditions in small and medium sized enterprises in three accident prone sectors (construction, mining and metal). The project will be finished in January 2012.The project is co-financed by the European Union and the
1. ISGIP Conference Crown Plaza, Ankara, at 10:00, 30 March 2011 “Challenges of the ISGIP Project”
Antero Vahapassi, Team Leader 1
2. ISGIP Project ISGIP Project started in January 2010 as its aim to improve working conditions in small and medium sized enterprises in three accident prone sectors (construction, mining and metal). The project will be finished in January 2012.
The project is co-financed by the European Union and the Republic of Turkey. 2
3. Three areas of the Project Introducing Occupational Health and Safety Management System in SMEs
Improving Occupational Health Surveillance and Health Services at the enterprise levels
Revising the National Recording System of Occupational Accidents and Diseases by piloting it first in SMEs 3
4. 1. Challenge: OHS-MS into SMEs 99.7% of Turkish 1.2 million enterprises are SMEs
83.3% of the workforce is in SMEs
82.7% of occupational accidents take place in SMEs
All management systems are usually weak in SMEs
OHS-MS in over 1,000,000 enterprises? 4
5. 1. Challenge: How to do it? We have selected 16 SMEs on voluntary basis (8 metal, 4 construction, 4 mining).
These SMEs are called: Centres of Best Practices (CoBPs).
January 2011 we selected additional 112 SMEs where experiences from 16 CoBPs will be applied.
At the end of the year, experiences will be transferred to 1,500 SMEs + PROMOTION 5
6. What kind of OHS-MS? The EU Framework Directive “Improving OHS of workers at work) from 1989 introduced the basic idea of OHS-MS: “…evaluate the risks to health and safety of workers,…” and to implement “the preventive measures…”
HSE: ‘Successful Health and Safety Management’ (HSG 65), published first in 1991 and revised in 1997.
BS 8800:2004 “Guide to occupational health and safety management systems”, the first publication in 1996.
ILO OSH: 2001 “Guidelines on Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems”
OHSAS 18001:2007 - Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems - Requirements 6
Top Management Responsibilities in OHS
OHS Policy and OHS organisation
Responsibilities and rights in OHS
Integration of OHS into business operations ISGIP OHS-MS
8. 2. Challenge: Occupational Health This topic will be explained more in detail in the afternoon by Dr. Froneberg.
The challenge is huge.
Our Project will focus on SMEs participating in the project, and training of 500 health professionals in workplace health surveillance and diagnosing occupational diseases. 8
9. 3. Challenge: OHS-IMS OHS-IMS (Occupational Health and Safety Information Management System).
The starting point will be the revision of the present Turkish Notification System for Occupational Accidents and Diseases.
Additional components include: Information about Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) producers, OHS Reports and Measurements from Workplaces and Reports from Working Conditions based on reports from the Labour Inspection Board. 9
10. OHS – Information Management System 10
11. Why records from accidents and diseases are important? We need reliable statistics for compensation purposes and for prevention purposes.
Turkish statistics, which are based on information from the SSI, need to be improved and they are still far from EU best practices.
The situation has created a vast underreporting practice because of:
- lack of knowledge and understanding by employers.
- lack of incentives for reporting.
- some economic sectors are not covered (self-employed and public sector).
- underutilization of modern information methods (web-reporting) 11
12. Examples from underreporting The fatal accident rate per 100,000 workers is around 15 in Turkey, as it is between 2-5 in Finland, Germany and the Netherlands.
There are around 1,000 fatal accidents per year in Turkey, and around 100,000 non-fatal accidents (more than 3 days absenteeism).
According the ILO these should be around 4,100 fatal accidents incl. agriculture and public sector, and around 3.1 million non-fatal accidents. 12
13. Missing incentives in Turkey (1) Example 1: Denmark – Prevention Fund
a) Allocating a certain percentage of employers’ contributions
directly to the implementation of preventive measures,
b) Incentive for prevention is through the implementation of
premium decrease for good performance.
Example 2: Germany – Statutory Accident Insurance for the Butchery Industry (FBG)
a) In the Premium Variation Programme, the member company
can be reimbursed for up to 10% of annual fee for good
b) The Discount Programme is similar, but if the number of accidents
has remained under the branch average for the past five years, an
additional reduction of up to 5% is given to company.
c) The Funding Programme helps to prevent future accidents and
occupational diseases. Introducing good prevention measures in
the company can be funded by FBG using up to 5% of the annual
14. Missing incentives in Turkey (2) Example 3: Finland – Premium Discount Program-me for Farmers’ Occupational Accidents Insurance
a) Insured persons who have had no occupational accident or disease
claims during the past 12 months will receive a 10% reduction.
b) Thereafter each claim-free year adds another 10% reduction up to
a maximum of 50% off after five consecutive claim-free years.
15. 15 With these challenges. Where do we stand now? Working in selected 128 SMEs
16. ISGIP methods & manuals OHS-MS Guides
Customised for Metals, Construction, and Mining
Risk Assessment methods
3T RAind , for manufacturing (user manual)
3t RAcon , for construction (user manual)
3T for mining (under preparation)
OHS-MS Rating (Assessment)
Based on a check-list
Monitoring methods (observation)
Elmeriind, for manufacturing (user manual)
TR, for construction (user manual) 16
17. Summary Taking the positive experiences from 128 SME to all Turkish SMEs will remain as main task for all partners involved in the Project:
MoLSS (DGOHS, LIB and SSI)
Chambers of Industries and Commerce
Universities and Health institutions
Professional Associations and Consultants
Press and Public Media 17
18. 18 DINLEDIGINIZ IÇIN TESEKKÜRLER! Thank you for your attention!