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Water Scarcity: Tomorrow’s Problem. Alex Hall Shane Schwikert Mike Jen. What We Will Address. What’s the Problem? Hypothesis Relevant Research and Findings Future Concerns Preventative Measures “Take Home Message”. Hypothesis.

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Water scarcity tomorrow s problem

Water Scarcity: Tomorrow’s Problem

Alex Hall

Shane Schwikert

Mike Jen


What we will address
What We Will Address

  • What’s the Problem?

  • Hypothesis

  • Relevant Research and Findings

  • Future Concerns

  • Preventative Measures

  • “Take Home Message”


Hypothesis
Hypothesis

If global water scarcity issues are not addressed today, it will greatly limit future sustainability.

(www.watsys.sr.unh.edu/.../girl-water_sm.jpg)


Introduction
Introduction

  • Effects of water scarcity not felt everywhere

  • However, one billion people lack access to clean drinking water (1/6 world population)

(www.nadir.org/.../txt/2002/waterscarcity.htm)


Introduction cont d
Introduction Cont’d

  • Water is not being recycled efficiently

  • Water pollution rate is higher than natural purification rate

  • Only 0.009% of earth’s water is readily available for use (Al-Sofi, 1994)


Results and discussion
Results and Discussion

  • Lack of abundant usable water creates tension among countries

  • Many countries are at a geographic, water-deprived disadvantage

  • Treaties that do exist are localized and generally ineffective



Results and discussion2
Results and Discussion

Graph with 0% recycled water


Results and discussions
Results and Discussions

Graph with 70% recycled water


Implications
Implications

(www.infoforhealth.org/pr/m14/fig5a.gif)


Implications cont d
Implications Cont’d

  • Many global implications

    • Health Care

      • 10,000-20,000 children killed by water-related diseases everyday

  • Environmental

    • 20% of all freshwater fish species are now threatened or endangered (Gleick, 2001)


Implications cont d1
Implications Cont’d

(www.waternunc.com/.../waterscarity2025.jpg)


Solutions
Solutions

  • Implement efficient recycling/reclaimation system for irrigation water

    • 3.4 Billion gallons drinking water saved, enough to support 31,000 families

    • Only 2.3% wastewater is currently recycled

    • $26 Million could be saved in Los Angeles County in water transportation costs if efficient recycling implemented (Arrandale, 2002)


Our solutions
Our Solutions

  • Develop and mandate more efficient household water heaters

    • Heated Pipes

    • Better Insulation throughout system

    • Effects: Conservation, lower heating costs

(Shane’s Basement)


Our solutions1
Our Solutions

  • Compose new multinational treaties to address:

    • Water sharing

    • Eliminating unequal distribution

    • Allocate with regard to aridity of region


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Consumption continues to steadily increase while water remains limited

  • Must be addressed for future sustainability

  • More than one solution is needed to solve problem

(http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/wah20-e/grafik/Tafel1_2.jpg)


Citations
Citations

Arrandale, Thomas. (2002). Our Drinking Water Will Come From…Where? Governing: 50-56.

Gleick, Robert. (2001). Making Every Drop Count. Scientific American 284: 40-45.

Al-Sofi, Mohammad Abdul-Kareem. (1994). Water Scarcity - The Challenge of The Future. Elsevier Science 98: 425-435.


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