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Hours of Service in Canada. Hours of Service. The new federal regulation will come into effect on January 1, 2007. http://canadagazette.gc.ca/partII/2005/20051116/html/sor313-e.html

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Hours of service
Hours of Service

  • The new federal regulation will come into effect on January 1, 2007. http://canadagazette.gc.ca/partII/2005/20051116/html/sor313-e.html

  • Hours of Service regulations are spelled out in federal legislation under the Motor Vehicle Transportation Act (MVTA), applicable to extra-provincial operations.

  • Application Guide is available on the CCMTA website www.ccmta.ca


What is a commercial vehicle
What is a Commercial Vehicle?

  • A commercial motor vehicle is defined as:

    • Truck, truck tractor, trailer or any combination of these with a registered gross vehicle weight of greater than 4,500Kg (10,000lbs)

    • Bus with a designed seating capacity of greater than 10 passenger

  • Exemptions

    • 2 & 3 axle truck hauling primary products of the farm, forest sea or lake (and the return trip)

    • Emergency vehicles

    • City bus

    • Disaster relief

    • Personal Use (with restrictions)


History
History

  • Current regulations introduced in the late 80’s based on the US hours of service rules.

  • limitations on the hours a commercial vehicle driver can drive/work on a daily/weekly basis.


Reason for change
Reason for change

Current HOS rules :

  • Not based on a day (24 hour period);

  • Allow 16 hours of driving in a “day”;

  • Allow 26 hours of driving in a 30 hour period (using off duty time reduction);

  • Do not limit a driver’s work shift;

  • Allow a driver to work everyday;

  • And………


Continued
Continued …

Difficulty of identifying the cycle the driver is using

  • Driver changes cycles whenever he/she wants

  • No requirement to declare the cycle on the daily log sheet


Principal problems with current the rules
Principal problems with current the rules

Little rest, long working hours and irregular rest periods.

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

13

13

13

3

10

6

24-hour period

Off-duty: 8 h

Driving : 16 h (13+3)

24-hour period

Off-duty : 8 h

Driving : 16 h (10+6)


Continued1
Continued …

Length of the "work shift"(36 hours).

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

6

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

6

1

2

1

2

2

1

2

2

2

1

1

1

Shift

Length: 36 hours

Off-duty: 21 hours

Driving: 13 hours

Work: 15 hours


New hos
New HOS

  • New rules incorporate

    • current sleep and fatigue research

    • takes into consideration the bodies circadian rhythm,

    • driver’s health (opportunity to obtain restorative sleep)

    • irregular work shifts and

    • sleep debt


The top 12 changes are
The “top 12” changes are...

  • increase minimum daily off-duty time by 25% (8hrs to 10hrs)

  • reduce daily on-duty time by 7% (15 hrs to 14 hrs) *w/o deferral

  • reduce daily driving time by 18% (16 hrs to 13 hrs) *w/o deferral

  • eliminate the “Time Reduction”(once-a-week)

  • restrict driver’s work shift to 16 hours (Tour of Duty)

  • requirement for driver to elect a cycle and reset provisions

  • standards for sleeper berths (split times, design, construction)


Top 12 changes con t
Top 12 changes (con’t)

8. mandatory 24-hour off-duty period in previous 14 days (regardless of on-duty accumulation)

9. 48 hour averaging

10. allowing drivers to use a CMV for personal use (with restrictions)

11. shared responsibility for compliance (carrier, driver, dispatch, tour agency, consultant)

12. additional authority for enforcement officers - “out-of-service” orders


The 3 basic rules
The 3 Basic Rules

  • “Daily” Rules

  • “Work Shift” Rules

  • Cycle Rules


1 what is a day
1 . What is a “day”

  • Day is defined as:

    “In respect of a driver, means a 24-hour period that begins at the hour designated by the motor carrier for the duration of the driver’s cycle”


Hours of service1

Current

Drive up to 16 hours in a day

No limit to on-duty time in a day

No specified off-duty time for a day

Rule

Minimum of 10 hours of off-duty must be taken every day.

Off-duty periods >30 mins.

Maximum of 13 hours driving in a day. (w/o deferral)

No driving after 14 hours of on-duty in a day. (w/o deferral)

Hours of Service

Daily Requirements


Daily limits a simple 3 point check for compliance

10 hours off-duty

* 8 hours

10

13

Daily Limits - a simple 3-point check for compliance

24-hour period

Off-duty ≥ 10

Driving ≤ 13

1

1

No driving after 14 hours On-duty

* Not required in the rules for the day


Hours of service2

OFF DUTY > 10

Off-Duty Periods must be at least 30 minutes long or they do not count toward the 10 hours.

DRIVING < 13

NO DRIVING > 14

Hours of Service

Daily Requirements


2 what is a work shift
2. What is a “Work Shift”

  • Work shift starts at the conclusion of 8 consecutive hours off duty (or equivalent)

  • Work shift ends with the next 8 consecutive hours off duty (or equivalent)


Hours of service3

Current

After 13 hours of driving you have to take 8 consecutive hours before you can drive again

After 15 hours of on-duty you have to take 8 consecutive hours before you can drive again

New Rule

After 13 hours of driving you have to take 8 consecutive hours before you can drive again

After 14 hours of on-duty you have to take 8 consecutive hours before you can drive again

Hours of Service

Work Shift Rules


Hours of service4

Current

No restriction on length of work shift

Off-duty periods extend the time between shifts

Rule

Maximum of 16 hour (elapsed time)

Time period which starts the instant you are on duty after having just taken minimum 8 hours consecutive off duty

Includes all time and activities

8 consecutive hours off-duty resets the work shift.

Sleeper berth rest periods are not counted in the 16 hour duty period when they qualify for the sleeper berth rest provision

Hours of Service

Work Shift Rules Cont’d


What are the rules for the work shift
What are the rules for the work shift?

8 consecutive hours

8 consecutive hours

Shift Reset

End

Work Shift ≤ 16 hours

Driving time ≤ 13 hours

No driving after 14 hours on-duty


WORK SHIFT

Mandatory Off-Duty TimeAfter 16 Hours Work Shift

14

8 consecutive hours

8

2


Hours of service5

Current

May reduce the 8-consecutive hour off-duty period to a minimum of 4 hours- once in a 7 day period

Rule

Driver may reduce the daily off duty requirement by the 2 “other” hours of off duty time and this time is added to the 8 consecutive hours on Day 2. This provision may be exercised every 2nd day if a driver chooses.

Declaration on log

Hours of Service

Deferral Option


Daily off duty time deferral 48 hour averaging

8

11.5

4.5

12

11

1

Daily Off Duty Time Deferral (48 Hour Averaging)

Day 1

10 Hours (8 + the 2 deferred from Day 1)

Day 2


3 what are the cycles
3. What are the cycles?

  • Cycle is defined as:

    (a) cycle 1, under which on-duty time is accumulated over a period of 7 days

    (b) cycle 2, under which on-duty time is accumulated over a period of 14 days


Hours of service6

Current

Must be in compliance with 1 of the 3 cycles

Three cycles:

60 hours/7 days,

70 hours/8 days,

120 hours/14 days (24-hour off-duty prior to 75th hour on-duty)

switching allowed

New Rule

Two cycles (must elect one)

Cycle 1: 70 hours/7 days,

Cycle 2: 120 hours/14 days (must take 24 consecutive hours off-duty prior to 70th hour)

cycle switching only allowed after completing required off-duty period

Cycle 1: 36 hours (also reset)

Cycle 2: 72 hours (also reset)

Hours of Service

Cycles


Illustration of cycle 1 70 hrs 7 days

8 h.

1

12 h.

2

10 h.

3

11 h.

4

0 h.

5

13 h.

3 h.

6

? h.

7

13 h.

1

8 h.

2

12 h.

3

10 h.

4

11 h.

5

0 h.

6

? h.

7

S

S

S

M

M

M

T

T

T

W

W

W

T

T

T

F

F

F

S

S

S

13 h.

8 h.

12 h.

1

10 h.

2

11 h.

3

0 h.

4

? h.

7

3 h.

5

10 h.

6

Illustration of Cycle 1 (70 hrs/7 days)

Accumulated Day 1-6:

54 h

Available:

16 h

Accumulated Day 1-6:

46 h

Available:

24 h

Accumulated Day 1-6:

44 h

Available:

26 h


Hours of service7

Current

Only required for 14 day cycle

Rule

Mandatory 24 consecutive hours off duty in preceding 14 days

Hours of Service

Mandatory24-hours Off-Duty


Mandatory 24 hrs off in preceding 14 days
Mandatory 24 hrs. off in preceding 14 days

  • to address perceived problem of driving every day of the year

  • driver must have at least one 24-hour consecutive off-duty period in preceding 14 days

  • applies regardless of amount of on-duty time accumulated

2007


Hours of service8

Current

Commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers using a sleeper berth must take 8 hours off-duty, but may split the sleeper-berth time into two periods provided neither is less than 2 hours.

Rule

Single drivers using a sleeper berth must take 10 hours off-duty, but may split the sleeper-berth time into two periods provided neither is less than 2 hours

Team drivers using a sleeper berth must take 8 hours off-duty, but may split the sleeper-berth time into two periods provided neither is less than 4 hours

Hours of Service

SleeperBerth


Hours of service9

Current

Commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers using a sleeper berth must take 8 hours off- duty, but may split the sleeper-berth time into two periods provided neither is less than 2 hours.

NewRule

Must still comply with “Daily Requirements”:

Maximum of 13 hours driving

No driving after 14 hours on-duty

Minimum of 10 hours off-duty

No driving after accumulating (prior and subsequent to the period):

13 hours driving

14 hours on-duty

16 hours in the work shift·

Hours of Service

Sleeper Berth


Sleeper berth single driver
Sleeper Berth (Single Driver)

3 + 7 = 10 hours

Off-duty ≥ 10

Driving ≤ 13

No driving after 14 hours On-duty

  • Driving< 13

  • No Driving after 14 hours On-Duty

  • No Driving after 16th hour since last sleeper period


Sleeper berth team driver
Sleeper Berth (Team Driver)

4 + 4 = 8 hours

2

8

12

2

  • Driving< 13

  • No Driving after 14 hours On-Duty

  • No Driving after 16th hour since last sleeper period


Hours of service10

Current

Suitable accommodation, constructed and maintained for sleeper

Rule

Must meet prescribed standards specified in Schedule 1

Hours of Service

Sleeper Berth Specifications


Hours of service11

Current

Date

Driver (co-driver) name/signature

Carrier name, address

Unit#’s / License#’s

Duty Status (grid) – current to

Odometer reading

Location of change of duty status

Km’s driven

Rule

Same as old, plus

Principle place of business

Cycle declaration

48 hour averaging designation

Personal use

Hours of Service

Contents of Daily Log


Hours of service12
Hours of Service

Contents of Daily Log

NOTE: If you extend your driving, on-duty or elapsed time (work shift) because of an emergency or adverse driving conditions, you must record the reason for doing so in the “Remarks” Section


Hours of service13

Current

Exempt from a daily log if:

instructed to drive within 160 km;

returns to and goes off duty within 15 hours; and

operator keeps accurate on duty status records

New Rule

Exempt from a daily log if:

operates CMV within 160 km;

returns to home terminal each day to begin an 8 hour off-duty period;

carrier maintains accurate and legible records for each day indicating;

hour at which each duty status begins & ends:

total hours spent in each status;

elected cycle;

records kept for 6 months; and

not subject to an HOS permit

Hours of Service

Daily Log Exemption




Hours of service14

Current

Driving time means all time spent at the controls of a CMV operated on a highway- driver must show as “DRIVING”

Rule

Is not considered to be “On Duty” provided that:

CMV is unloaded

Not towing a trailer

Maximum of 75 km/day

Odometer readings are recorded

Driver is not subject of an OOS declaration

Hours of Service

Personal Use Exemption


Hours of service15

Current

Driver and Operator are responsible to ensure compliance

Rule

No person shall permit, or request a person to contravene the regulation

Hours of Service

Responsibilities



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