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African Culture & Colonialism. Tara Reyelts’ Senior Capstone Presentation. Key Terms Defined. Colonialism - a monopoly exercised by the leaders of an imperialist country, usually based on economic pressures in the dependent country or territory

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African Culture & Colonialism

Tara Reyelts’ Senior Capstone Presentation


Key terms defined
Key Terms Defined

  • Colonialism - a monopoly exercised by the leaders of an imperialist country, usually based on economic pressures in the dependent country or territory

  • Colonization – the establishment of colonies in a place other than the homeland

  • Culture - manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively

  • Hegemony - leadership or dominance of one country or social group over others

  • Imperialism - a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force


Capstone integrative project
Capstone Integrative Project

The Colonial Project: Language and Colonization

in East Africa

  • Comparison of Kenya and Tanzania

  • 20th century colonial & post-colonial periods

  • English and Swahili are official languages in each country


Frantz Fanon

(1925-1961)

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o

(1938--)


Results of research similarities
Results of Research: Similarities

  • Missionaries started the colonizing process

  • Swahili was imposed in education, then English followed

  • Swahili was a language of wider communication

  • Hierarchy of languages: English > Swahili > local

  • Educated elite vs. the common colonized subjects


Results of research differences
Results of Research: Differences

Colonial Kenya

  • Aggressively oppressed by British

  • Bloody struggle for independence

    Independent Kenya

  • Little change from colonial period

  • English widely spoken

Colonial Tanzania

  • Relatively peaceful relations with British

  • Non-violent gain of independence

    Independent Tanzania

  • Revulsion of British culture & remnants of colonialism

  • Swahili widely spoken


Creating an independent major
Creating an Independent Major

  • The Proposal http://pages.stolaf.edu/cis-treyelts/

    • Themes

      • Literature and oral tradition

      • Variations of history

      • Cultural mixing

      • Colonialism

    • Questions

      • How is Africa portrayed? Is this accurate?

      • Good and bad effects of colonialism?


Required courses
Required Courses

  • ART 269, African Art History

  • ENGL 206, Top: South African Literature

  • ENGL 211, Hemingway in East Africa

  • ENGL 399, Sem: West African Feminist Literature

  • FREN 232B, Intermediate French II

  • HIST 151, Slavery in African History

  • HIST 189A, Top: Women in African Colonial History

  • HIST 292, Muslim Societies in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • HIST 298, IS/Slavery West Africa

  • MUSIC 237, World Music

  • SOAN 236, The Arab World

  • SOAN 398, IR: Gender and Sexuality in the Maghreb


Women in african colonial history
Women in African Colonial History

  • African feminist literature

  • Colonial literature on Africa

    • Primary sources

    • Secondary sources

  • Historical methodology

    • Oral tradition

    • Life history method


French 232
French 232

  • Francophone Africa and Caribbean

  • Themes

    • Identity

    • Colonialism

    • Negritude








Web portfolio
Web Portfolio

http://pages.stolaf.edu/cis-treyelts/


Colonialism
Colonialism

  • Neo-colonialism – new form of colonialism, using capitalist and cultural imperialism to oppress another country

  • Neo-colonial vs. Post-colonial era

  • Strategic placement of power with educated elite

  • Political corruption in African governments

  • Cultural exchange vs. colonialism

  • My potential perpetuation of colonialism

  • We must acknowledge the issues


Future plans
Future Plans

Michigan State University

PhD program in African History



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