CLIMATE. Weather is the condition of the atmosphere in a place for a short period of time. Climate is the average weather condition of a place for a longer period of time. Different Climate in the 3 zones:. Torrid Zone -------- Tropical Climate ( wet and dry seasons)
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Weatheris the condition of the atmosphere in a place for a short period of time.
Climateis the average weather condition of a place for a longer period of time.
( wet and dry seasons)
*The climate in higher places is cooler than in lowlands.
*As height increases, air becomes thinner or less dense (can’t hold much heat)
*For every 1 000 ft increase in height, the temperature drops by 3.5 ºC. ( 1 000 km ---- decrease of 7 ºC)
* Example: Baguio and Tagaytay
- the distance of a place North or South of the equator.
- Wind is moving air. It is formed by the unequal heating of the Earth’s surface.
- The Philippines’ geographical location contributes to its prevailing wind systems:
a. Northeast Monsoon – Hanging Amihan; from Nov to March; blows from Siberia towards the Philippines; brings the cold temperature from northern hemisphere(winter).
b. Southwest Monsoon – Hanging Habagat; from June to October; develops because of the cold air mass coming from the south, Australia, where it is winter. This cold front meets the warm front in the Philippines and causes the rainy season in the western part of the country.
c. Trade Winds – from March to early May; blows from the North Pacific Ocean and reach the Philippines from the east. It brings rain only to the eastern part of the country.
Philippines is located in the Torrid Zone, with tropical climate and also with:
*4 types of climate :
Type 1- Two pronounced and 2 season: dry from December to May, and wet
from June to September (Ilocos, Zambales, Central Luzon)
Type 2- No dry season with maximum rainfall in Dec to Jan. (Catanduanes,
Camarines Sur/Norte, Samar, Leyte, eastern Mindanao)
Type 3- Short dry season that lasts only from 1 to 3 months with no very
pronounced maximum rain period. (Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Viscaya,
Kalinga, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao)
Type 4- Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year. (Batanes,
Northeastern Luzon, western part of Camarines Sur/Norte, Albay,
* 2 seasons (wet and dry)
- The Philippines has very little changes in temperature but there are great
changes in rainfall because of its topography.
* Climate Change- is a broader term that refers to long term changes inclimate, including average temperature and precipitation.