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Chapter 8 The Asian World. I. China A. Sui Dynasty 589 – 615 AD * followed the 6 Dynasties. Emperor Yang Chian * extended Grand Canal (1000 miles long) links Yellow ( Haung He) & Yangtze Rivers worlds oldest & longest canal system. Grand Canal.

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slide1

Chapter 8

The Asian World

slide2

I. China

A. Sui Dynasty 589 – 615 AD

*followed the 6 Dynasties

slide3

Emperor Yang Chian

*extended Grand Canal (1000 miles long)

links Yellow (Haung He) & Yangtze Rivers

worlds oldest & longest canal system

slide5

B. Tang Dynasty 618 - 907

*China richest & most powerful nation in world

Chinese influence spreads: Japan, Korea, & S.E. Asia

slide6

Poetry of T\'angDyn.

Quiet Night Thoughts *by Li Po

“Beside my bed the bright moonbeams

bound almost as if there were frost

on the ground.”

Li Po

slide7

Woodblock Printing invented Tang Dyn. 704 AD

The Diamond Sutra (Buddhist Text)

*1st printed book 868 AD

Diamond Sutra

slide10

Empress Wu 683 AD

*civil service exam for gov. workers

slide11

Firelanceflamethrower

*evolved into cannon

slide12

C. Song Dynasty 960 – 1279

General Zhao Kuangyin

claimed Mandate of Heaven

(power to rule from god)

*China unified state

fight off invading Mongols

The Song Dynasty

960 A.D. - 1279 A.D.

slide13

Mandarins*Scholar- Gentry

wealthy elite scholars passed civil service exam

slide15

Neo-Confucianism

fulfillment in life from good moral principles

slide16

Chinese Cuisine food we know today dev.s

Ma Yu Ching’s(Bucket Chicken)

*worlds oldest restaurant 1153

slide17

Footbinding(wealthy classed girl’s)

feet tied with linen strips & toes tucked underneath

slide19

D. Yuan Dynasty 1271 - 1368

1st foreign dynasty in China

*Mongols control China

Kublai Khan “The Wise Khan”

Grandson of Genghis

founded Yuan Dyn.

slide20

Khanbaliq“The City of the Khan”

renamed Peking (today Beijing)

Xanadu Palace of Kublai

slide22

E. Ming Dynasty 1368 - 1644

Hung Wu (Zhu Yuan Zhang)

*Buddhist monk drove Mongols out

founded Ming Dyn.

slide23

White Lotus Society

*secret organization led revolt against Mongols

led by Buddhist Monks

Nanking Capital City

slide24

Emperor Yung La built

Forbidden City *Emperors Home

*Peking

slide25

Admiral Zhenghe1405 – 1433

Voyages of Exploration

Junks*Chinese Ships

1433 China isolates itself from World

slide28

A rare underglaze copper-red

Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) vase sold for HK$78.52 million (US$10.13 million) in Hong Kong on Tuesday, setting a world auction record for Ming porcelain.

May 30, 2006

slide29

II. Mongol Empire 1200\'s

*largest land empire in history

originated modern Mongolia

Mongol Empire

slide30

A. Genghis Khan (Universal Monarch)

*1st Mongol Emperor 1206

Temuchin**original name

greatest conquer in world history

slide32

“Mans highest joy, is in victory:

to conquer one’s enemies, to pursue them,

to deprive them of their possessions,

to make their beloved weep, to ride their horses,

and to embrace their wives & daughters!”

slide34

Golden Horde *Mongol cavalry “Horsemen from Hell”

*greatest nomadic fighting force of all time

ride up to 90 miles a day

slide38

B. Kublai Khan “The Great Khan”

(Grandson of Genghis)

*conquered all of China

Yuan Dynasty founder 1271

rebuidsPeking

slide39

Marco Polo * visits China 1271

Venice, Italy

The Travels of Marco Polo

&

Description of the World

books on his travels

“Prince of Liars” *nickname

Pasta *Chinese noodles to Italy

slide40

Marco Polo

&

Kublai Khan

slide41

Invasion of Japan Aug. 15, 1281

4,400 ships 150,000 warriors

Kamikaze (Divine Wind) *Typhoon saved Japan

slide43

Khanates*Mongol territories

1. Khanate of the Great Khan - China

2. Khanate of Jagatai - Turkey

3. Golden Horde Empire - Russia

Batu Khan (Kublai brother) controls Europe & Russia

4. Khanate of Persia

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III. Japan

Ainu *Prehistoric name

A. Geography

Archipelago chain of islands (3000 islands)

4 Main Islands:

Hokkaido

Honshu main islands

Kyushu

Shikkoku

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Mt. Fuji volcanic mt.

temples & shrines on slopes

slide47

B. Creation Myths:

1. AmaaterasuSun Goddess

*created Japan

1st Emperor 3 Gifts:

mirror, a jewel, & sword

slide48

Amaterasu & Jimmu

Create the World

slide50

C. Yayoi People

*early Japanese

clans*family groups (common ancestors)

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D. Shinto“Way of the Gods”

*main religion of Japan

stresses natures beauty

Kami*nature spirits inhabit trees, rivers, & mts.

slide56

E. Rise of Japanese State

1. Yamato Clan 300 AD

*strongest clan

Yamato*1st & only Japanese Dynasty

slide57

Prince Shotoku*unified clans of Japan

Seventeen Article Constitution

created centralized gov. under supreme ruler

slide58

Selective Borrowing *mainly from China

Zen Buddhism

Philosophy Confucianism & Taoism

slide59

F. Feudal Japan

Emperor

Shogun (General) *most powerful Samurai

Daimyo (Great Name)*great landowners

Shogun Statue outside Imperial Palace

slide60

Samurai(Those Who Serve)*Warrior Knights

Ronin*Samurai without lords

slide65

Bushido*Way of the Warrior

*Samurai code of conduct

honor

loyalty

simplicity

courage

obedience to ones lord

Bushido

slide66

Seppuku or Hara-kari

*ceremonial suicide

slide71

G. Nara Period 710 AD – 794 AD

Nara*1st permanent capital

Fujiwara Clan 800 - 1100\'s

*take power from Yamato Emperor

*Emperor becomes figurehead

Fujiwara

slide72

Oldest wooden building in world

Nara Period approx. 750 AD

slide73

H. Heian Period 794 AD

new capital city Heian(modern Kyoto)

“The City of Peace & Tranquility”

slide75

I. Kamakura Shogunate

YoritomoMinamoto*1st Shogun

defeated warring clans

Minamoto

slide76

Kamikaze *Divine Wind 1281

saved Japan from Mongol invasion

slide77

J. Ashikaga 1338 - 1500

*Feudal wars bt.Daimyo

slide78

Onin War 1467 - 1477

*civil war bt. Samurais

slide79

K. Hideyoshi“The Bald Rat” 1580

*end to feudal warfare

*defeated warring Samurai

slide82

M. Portuguese 1543

*1st European nation to trade with Japan

The first Portuguese ship at Nagasaki

slide83

Francis Xavier *Jesuit Priest

*brought Christianity to Japan

300,000 Christians 1600 AD

slide84

1639 Shogun expelled all Europeans

Japan isolated itself

slide85

N. Nagasaki

*only Japanese port open to world

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