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Chapter 8 The Asian World PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 8 The Asian World. I. China A. Sui Dynasty 589 – 615 AD * followed the 6 Dynasties. Emperor Yang Chian * extended Grand Canal (1000 miles long) links Yellow ( Haung He) & Yangtze Rivers worlds oldest & longest canal system. Grand Canal.

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Chapter 8 The Asian World

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Chapter 8 the asian world

Chapter 8

The Asian World


Chapter 8 the asian world

I. China

A. Sui Dynasty 589 – 615 AD

*followed the 6 Dynasties


Chapter 8 the asian world

Emperor Yang Chian

*extended Grand Canal (1000 miles long)

links Yellow (Haung He) & Yangtze Rivers

worlds oldest & longest canal system


Chapter 8 the asian world

Grand Canal


Chapter 8 the asian world

B. Tang Dynasty 618 - 907

*China richest & most powerful nation in world

Chinese influence spreads: Japan, Korea, & S.E. Asia


Chapter 8 the asian world

Poetry of T'angDyn.

Quiet Night Thoughts *by Li Po

“Beside my bed the bright moonbeams

bound almost as if there were frost

on the ground.”

Li Po


Chapter 8 the asian world

Woodblock Printing invented Tang Dyn. 704 AD

The Diamond Sutra (Buddhist Text)

*1st printed book 868 AD

Diamond Sutra


Chapter 8 the asian world

Fine Porcelain Pottery = China


Chapter 8 the asian world

Zen Buddhism *meditation means to enlightenment


Chapter 8 the asian world

Empress Wu 683 AD

*civil service exam for gov. workers


Chapter 8 the asian world

Firelanceflamethrower

*evolved into cannon


Chapter 8 the asian world

C. Song Dynasty 960 – 1279

General Zhao Kuangyin

claimed Mandate of Heaven

(power to rule from god)

*China unified state

fight off invading Mongols

The Song Dynasty

960 A.D. - 1279 A.D.


Chapter 8 the asian world

Mandarins*Scholar- Gentry

wealthy elite scholars passed civil service exam


Chapter 8 the asian world

Landscape (mountain – water) painting

Tao“Way of Nature”


Chapter 8 the asian world

Neo-Confucianism

fulfillment in life from good moral principles


Chapter 8 the asian world

Chinese Cuisine food we know today dev.s

Ma Yu Ching’s(Bucket Chicken)

*worlds oldest restaurant 1153


Chapter 8 the asian world

Footbinding(wealthy classed girl’s)

feet tied with linen strips & toes tucked underneath


Chapter 8 the asian world

D. Yuan Dynasty 1271 - 1368

1st foreign dynasty in China

*Mongols control China

Kublai Khan “The Wise Khan”

Grandson of Genghis

founded Yuan Dyn.


Chapter 8 the asian world

Khanbaliq“The City of the Khan”

renamed Peking (today Beijing)

Xanadu Palace of Kublai


Chapter 8 the asian world

Marco Polo visits China *YaunDyn.


Chapter 8 the asian world

E. Ming Dynasty 1368 - 1644

Hung Wu (Zhu Yuan Zhang)

*Buddhist monk drove Mongols out

founded Ming Dyn.


Chapter 8 the asian world

White Lotus Society

*secret organization led revolt against Mongols

led by Buddhist Monks

Nanking Capital City


Chapter 8 the asian world

Emperor Yung La built

Forbidden City *Emperors Home

*Peking


Chapter 8 the asian world

Admiral Zhenghe1405 – 1433

Voyages of Exploration

Junks*Chinese Ships

1433 China isolates itself from World


Chapter 8 the asian world

Ming Vases today priceless


Chapter 8 the asian world

A rare underglaze copper-red

Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) vase sold for HK$78.52 million (US$10.13 million) in Hong Kong on Tuesday, setting a world auction record for Ming porcelain.

May 30, 2006


Chapter 8 the asian world

II. Mongol Empire 1200's

*largest land empire in history

originated modern Mongolia

Mongol Empire


Chapter 8 the asian world

A. Genghis Khan (Universal Monarch)

*1st Mongol Emperor 1206

Temuchin**original name

greatest conquer in world history


Chapter 8 the asian world

“Mans highest joy, is in victory:

to conquer one’s enemies, to pursue them,

to deprive them of their possessions,

to make their beloved weep, to ride their horses,

and to embrace their wives & daughters!”


Chapter 8 the asian world

Great Wall of China completed to keep him out

1215 destroyed Peking


Chapter 8 the asian world

Golden Horde *Mongol cavalry “Horsemen from Hell”

*greatest nomadic fighting force of all time

ride up to 90 miles a day


Chapter 8 the asian world

Takhi*Mongol ponies


Chapter 8 the asian world

Yam *Pony Express


Chapter 8 the asian world

B. Kublai Khan “The Great Khan”

(Grandson of Genghis)

*conquered all of China

Yuan Dynasty founder 1271

rebuidsPeking


Chapter 8 the asian world

Marco Polo * visits China 1271

Venice, Italy

The Travels of Marco Polo

&

Description of the World

books on his travels

“Prince of Liars” *nickname

Pasta *Chinese noodles to Italy


Chapter 8 the asian world

Marco Polo

&

Kublai Khan


Chapter 8 the asian world

Invasion of Japan Aug. 15, 1281

4,400 ships 150,000 warriors

Kamikaze (Divine Wind) *Typhoon saved Japan


Chapter 8 the asian world

Khanates*Mongol territories

1. Khanate of the Great Khan - China

2. Khanate of Jagatai - Turkey

3. Golden Horde Empire - Russia

Batu Khan (Kublai brother) controls Europe & Russia

4. Khanate of Persia


Chapter 8 the asian world

III. Japan

Ainu *Prehistoric name

A. Geography

Archipelago chain of islands (3000 islands)

4 Main Islands:

Hokkaido

Honshu main islands

Kyushu

Shikkoku


Chapter 8 the asian world

Mt. Fuji volcanic mt.

temples & shrines on slopes


Chapter 8 the asian world

B. Creation Myths:

1. AmaaterasuSun Goddess

*created Japan

1st Emperor 3 Gifts:

mirror, a jewel, & sword


Chapter 8 the asian world

Amaterasu & Jimmu

Create the World


Chapter 8 the asian world

2.Jimmu 1st Emperor? (mythical) 660 BC

descended from Amaterasu


Chapter 8 the asian world

C. Yayoi People

*early Japanese

clans*family groups (common ancestors)


Chapter 8 the asian world

D. Shinto“Way of the Gods”

*main religion of Japan

stresses natures beauty

Kami*nature spirits inhabit trees, rivers, & mts.


Chapter 8 the asian world

Shinto Temple


Chapter 8 the asian world

Shinto Priests


Chapter 8 the asian world

E. Rise of Japanese State

1. Yamato Clan 300 AD

*strongest clan

Yamato*1st & only Japanese Dynasty


Chapter 8 the asian world

Prince Shotoku*unified clans of Japan

Seventeen Article Constitution

created centralized gov. under supreme ruler


Chapter 8 the asian world

Selective Borrowing *mainly from China

Zen Buddhism

Philosophy Confucianism & Taoism


Chapter 8 the asian world

F. Feudal Japan

Emperor

Shogun (General) *most powerful Samurai

Daimyo (Great Name)*great landowners

Shogun Statue outside Imperial Palace


Chapter 8 the asian world

Samurai(Those Who Serve)*Warrior Knights

Ronin*Samurai without lords


Chapter 8 the asian world

Ninja *spies & assassins


Chapter 8 the asian world

Bushido*Way of the Warrior

*Samurai code of conduct

honor

loyalty

simplicity

courage

obedience to ones lord

Bushido


Chapter 8 the asian world

Seppuku or Hara-kari

*ceremonial suicide


Chapter 8 the asian world

G. Nara Period 710 AD – 794 AD

Nara*1st permanent capital

Fujiwara Clan 800 - 1100's

*take power from Yamato Emperor

*Emperor becomes figurehead

Fujiwara


Chapter 8 the asian world

Oldest wooden building in world

Nara Period approx. 750 AD


Chapter 8 the asian world

H. Heian Period 794 AD

new capital city Heian(modern Kyoto)

“The City of Peace & Tranquility”


Chapter 8 the asian world

The Tale of Genji*worlds 1st novel 1000 AD

by Lady Murasaki


Chapter 8 the asian world

I. Kamakura Shogunate

YoritomoMinamoto*1st Shogun

defeated warring clans

Minamoto


Chapter 8 the asian world

Kamikaze *Divine Wind 1281

saved Japan from Mongol invasion


Chapter 8 the asian world

J. Ashikaga 1338 - 1500

*Feudal wars bt.Daimyo


Chapter 8 the asian world

Onin War 1467 - 1477

*civil war bt. Samurais


Chapter 8 the asian world

K. Hideyoshi“The Bald Rat” 1580

*end to feudal warfare

*defeated warring Samurai


Chapter 8 the asian world

L. Tokugawa “Great Peace” 1603 - 1868

*unites Japan

Tokugawa


Chapter 8 the asian world

Edo(Tokyo) *Capital City


Chapter 8 the asian world

M. Portuguese 1543

*1st European nation to trade with Japan

The first Portuguese ship at Nagasaki


Chapter 8 the asian world

Francis Xavier *Jesuit Priest

*brought Christianity to Japan

300,000 Christians 1600 AD


Chapter 8 the asian world

1639 Shogun expelled all Europeans

Japan isolated itself


Chapter 8 the asian world

N. Nagasaki

*only Japanese port open to world


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