Public School Compulsory Attendance. What Do You Think?. TPS – Think, Pair, Share Should there be a compulsory attendance age? If so, what should it be? Should there be exceptions? Defend your opinion!. What does Iowa law say?. Iowa Code – Section 299.1a.
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TPS – Think, Pair, Share
Defend your opinion!
Explanation: The child’s parent, guardian, or legal or actual custodian is required to cause the child to attend some public school, an accredited nonpublic school, or competent private instruction.
For the vast majority of students, they must attend school from kindergarten through their sophomore year of high school.
The adult in their life is responsible and liable for making this happen.
299.1b: student shall not receive an intermediate of full driver’s license until age eighteen
299.6: adult required to attend mediation
The court may order a convicted adult to perform unpaid community service instead of any fine or imprisonment
The adult may file an affidavit listing the reasonable efforts made by the adult to cause the child’s attendance and the adult shall not be criminally liable for the child’s nonattendance
There is no federal law regarding compulsory attendance
Many laws regulating what happens in public schools, but not that public schools must exist
All states have some type of compulsory attendance law enacted
Griffin v. County School Board of Prince Edward County (US Supreme Court: 1964) – If a state chooses to provide public education, it must be open and available to all children.
Plyer v. Doe (US Supreme Court: 1982) – Undocumented children cannot be denied a public education.
Johnson v. Charles City Community Schools Board of Education (Iowa Supreme Court: 1985) – “Amish Exception” does not apply to all religions
In re Interest of Rebekah T. (Nebraska Court of Appeals: 2002) – Adults home schooling students can be found neglectful if not providing “proper education”.
State v. Priest (Louisiana Supreme Court: 1946) – A married person is exempt from compulsory attendance.
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972) – Amish children are exempt from compulsory attendance laws for high school.
Maack v. School District of Lincoln (Nebraska Supreme Court: 1992) – Excluding unimmunized children from school is OK.
All that I looked at referenced Iowa Code.
Many had identical language to Iowa Code.
Some variety of if minimal number of days was stated, and if so how many.
Ronda Cedillo – attendance officer for North high school
Arin Renaud – social worker for Harding middle school
I couldn’t find contact info for judge who handles DMPS truancy court…
Support moving compulsory attendance age to eighteen
Establish a way for students to be held responsible as well as parents
Implementation and enforcement would be difficult to execute effectively
Found in common law doctrine
As a parent to all persons, a state has the inherent prerogative to provide for the commonwealth and individual welfare
A state has the authority to protect those who are not legally competent to act in their own behalf
High school diploma recipients make an average of $8,400 more per year than high school dropouts
High school graduates contribute more to a state's economy and require less state assistance than high school dropouts
Dropouts are more likely to be incarcerated