Chemical management
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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT. CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT. Agency Missions: OSHA – Protection of employees from workplace injury and illness. EPA – Protection of people, animals and the environment from chemical injury. DOT – Safety of shipments during transportation: road, rail, air, sea or pipeline.

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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

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Chemical management

CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT


Chemical management1

CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Agency Missions:

    • OSHA – Protection of employees from workplace injury and illness.

    • EPA – Protection of people, animals and the environment from chemical injury.

    • DOT – Safety of shipments during transportation: road, rail, air, sea or pipeline.


Chemical management2

CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • OSHA

    • Process Safety Management

      • Methods to ensure highest risk process hazards are identified and controlled.

    • Hazard Communication

      • Methods to ensure workers are familiar with hazards associated with process chemicals

    • Flammable Liquids/Gases

      • Methods to ensure fire prevention

    • Airborne Contaminants

      • PELs


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • OSHA has State equivalents – State OSHA Plans.

    • State plans may be more restrictive than the federal OSHA plan.

  • OSHA relies on industry standards.

    • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standards

    • American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standards

  • OSHA uses “performance standards”.


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Major Laws of Environmental Protection

    • Clean Air Act

    • Clean Water Act

    • Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (Hazardous Waste)

      • Superfund Amendments & Reauthorization Act

    • Toxic Substances Control Act

    • Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • States have their own environmental protection programs IN ADDITION TO the federal programs.

  • Environmental programs set attainment levels and demand that industry meet the goals.


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Clean Air Act controls emissions to the atmosphere from stationary (plants, stacks, terminals, etc.) and non-stationary (cars, trucks, buses, etc.) sources. Primarily controls CO, O3, PM10 and a list of “Hazardous Air Pollutants.”


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Clean Water Act controls the quality of the drinking water and surface waters of the U.S.A. Sets minimum concentrations of a list of “priority pollutants” and requires that drinking water achieve required quality.

    • Controls industrial discharges to waterways directly or via wastewater treatment plants.


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • RCRA controls the accumulation, transportation, and disposal of manufacturing wastes.

    • Industry generates wastes. RCRA has raised the cost of disposal to a level that source reduction is cost-effective.

    • Improper disposal results in criminal sanctions:

      • Fines

      • Jail

      • Community Service


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • TSCA controls the chemicals that may be used for manufacturing in the U.S.

    • TSCA also controls special chemicals such as asbestos and PCBs.

  • FIFRA controls the use of pesticides by the control of manufacturing and distribution.


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Various Industry Standards provide guidance for managing chemicals.

    • Article 79 Uniform Fire Code – Flammable Liquids

    • NFPA 30 – Flammable and Combustible Liquid Code

    • NFPA 77 – Recommended Practice on Static Electricity

  • And many others …


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • OSHA requires that employers provide a healthy workplace. PELs are used to provide a level of exposure that is not harmful to employees.

    • Employers frequently control exposures to ½ PEL or to the “lowest achievable level.”

    • Engineering controls are the primary method for hazard control.

    • Work procedures are the secondary method for hazard control

    • Personal protective equipment is used when other controls are not feasible or are inadequate


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Employee Training is a major component of safe chemical management

    • Training must be thorough, frequent and focused on specific work tasks.

    • Management must support training by providing adequate time and funding.

    • Supervisors must lead by example.


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Emergency Management

    • Prepare for and prevent emergencies

      • Fires

      • Spills/releases

      • Injuries

    • Emergency response must be part of basic work procedures and employees must be trained.

      • Evacuation

      • Fire brigade

      • Spill response

      • Medical response


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Incident Investigations

    • All incidents, regardless of severity, must be investigated – and lessons learned used for prevention

    • Formal investigation of serious incidents

    • Accountability at all levels

      • Management of Plant at which incident occurred through employees and investigation team.


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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Proper and Safe Chemical Management

    • Part of the facility culture

    • Part of every employee’s activity

    • Recognition of safety improvement

  • Safety is everyone’s responsibility.


Some examples

Some Examples


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