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Conditional Sentences. Types of Conditional Sentences. Type 0 : To express universal truth Type 1 : To express present or future activities which are true or likely Type 2 : To express present or future activities which are impossible or unlikely to happen

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Types of conditional sentences
Types of Conditional Sentences

  • Type 0: To express universal truth

  • Type 1: To express present or future activities which are true or likely

  • Type 2: To express present or future activities which are impossible or unlikely to happen

  • Type 3: To deal with past situations

Conditional Sentences


Type 0 to express universal truth
Type 0: To expressuniversal truth

Form: Present tense, Present tense

*** The conjunction “IF” can be replaced by “WHEN”

  • e.g. a. If we ice under the sun, it melts quickly.

    b. When we ice under the sun, it quickly.

put

put

melts

T

Ex.

Conditional Sentences


Type 1 to express present or future activities which are true or likely
Type 1: To express present or future activities which are true orlikely

Form: Present tense, Present future tense (can / may)

  • e.g. If it rains tomorrow, we will not go on a picnic.

    If it should rain tomorrow, we willnot go on a picnic.

    OR Should it rain tomorrow, we will not go on a picnic.

T

Ex.

Conditional Sentences


Type 2 to express present or future activities which are impossible or unlikely to happen
Type 2: To express present or future activities which are impossible or unlikely to happen

Form: Past tense, Past future tense

*** Use “WERE” for all persons

  • e.g. a. If it rained tomorrow, we would not go on a picnic.

    b. If Peter were here, we would win.

    OR Were Peter here, we wouldwin.

T

Ex.

Conditional Sentences


Type 3 to deal with past situations the action mentioned did not actually happen
Type 3: To deal with past situations. The action mentioned did not actually happen.

Form: Past perfect tense, Past future perfect tense

*** The word “IF” can be omitted but the subject and the verb should exchange position.

  • e.g. If it had rained yesterday, we would not have gone on a picnic.

    OR Had it rained yesterday, we would not have gone on a picnic.

T

Ex.

Conditional Sentences


If i a pair of wings i to the places i like most
If Ia pair of wings,Ito the places I like most.

could have

would fly

Conditional Sentences


I’ve just bought a new bicycle. Can you help me fix it up now?

B

Oh, sorry! I’m busy now. If I time, I certainly you.

A

had

would

help

Conditional Sentences


This town is very beautiful. I really want to have a ride round the town.

A

It’s a pity that I don’t have a car. If I one, I you for a ride round the town.

B

wouldtake

had

Conditional Sentences


This town is very beautiful. I really want to have a ride round the town.

A

B

It’s a pity that I don’t know how to drive. If I how to drive, I you for a ride round the town.

knew

would take

Conditional Sentences


I don’t think it’ll rain tomorrow. round the town.

A

B

If it tomorrow, we cycling again.

rained

would not go

rained

If it tomorrow, I at home.

would stay

Conditional Sentences


Conditional Sentences round the town.


There was a ferry accident last night. Fortunately, we were late, and so we escaped the collision.

If we the 7:20 ferry, we .

had taken

would have died

If we the ferry, wethe collision.

had taken

would

not have escaped

Conditional Sentences


Communication game
Communication Game late, and so we escaped the collision.

  • If you could change your age, what age would you rather be?

  • If you could live any place in the world, where would it be?

  • If you could take only three people with you on a trip around the world, whom would you take?

Conditional Sentences


Exercise
Exercise late, and so we escaped the collision.

Type O

  • General situations

    • Who do you go to see if you are sick?

    • What do people bring if it rains?

    • What does your teacher do if you are late for school?

    • How do you feel if you do not sleep very well?

    • How do you feel if someone is rude to you?

Conditional Sentences


Type 1 late, and so we escaped the collision.

B. Present Conditional

  • What may happen if the bus driver does not slow down?

  • What will they do if it continues to rain?

  • Where will people be sent to if they break the law?

  • If Steven misses the last train home, where can he stay?

  • If Eddie is naughty, what will he not get from his parents?

  • What will happen to the ship if it goes out in the typhoon?

Conditional Sentences


Type 2 late, and so we escaped the collision.

  • Past Conditional

    • If Terry took more exercise, what would happen to him?

    • If Betty ate less sweets, what would happen to her?

    • If Dora had your address, what would she send you?

    • What would happen if Mary did not study for the test?

    • What would happen if Dick missed the bus?

    • What would happen if the factory closed down?

    • What would you do if you had a lot of money?

    • If tomorrow were your birthday, what would you buy?

Conditional Sentences


Type 3 late, and so we escaped the collision.

D. Perfect Conditional

  • What would have happened if it had rained yesterday?

  • What would have happened if Shirley had been to the party?

  • What would have happened if Anna had been late to the office?

  • What would have happened if Diana had missed the train?

  • What would have happened if Susan had not been careful?

Conditional Sentences


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