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بررسی و کنترل PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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بررسی و کنترل. همه گیری ها. دکتر سید منصور رضوی. تعریف واژه ها. تعریف واژه ها. ابتلای فردی (Sporadic). بومی (Endemic). همه گیری (Epidemic). جهانگیری (Pandemic). بومی در بین حیوانات (Enzootic). همه گیری در بین حیوانات (Epizootic). همه گیری در بین پرندگان (Epornitic). تعریف واژه ها.

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بررسی و کنترل

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(Sporadic)

(Endemic)

(Epidemic)

(Pandemic)

(Enzootic)

(Epizootic)

(Epornitic)


(Epidemic):

(Expected Occurrence) .

.


(Outbreak):

.

.


(Cluster):

.

20 .

: ...


(Aberration):

.

:

4 5 .

2S


.


() .

Epidemic


E 1370-1369 .

Outbreak


1370 1374 .

Epidemic


19 1373 .

Cluster


16 1978.

Cluster


2003 .

Pandemic


1364

Epizootic


.

Pandemic


.

Sporadic


16000 1370 16087 1371 .

Aberration


1385

Epornitic


.

Epidemic


:

.


:

Outbreak Investigation

:

Cluster Investigation

(Small Area Analyses)

: -


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:


:

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:

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( ).

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(Propagated Epidemic) :

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15

10

A

5

(Index Case)


20

15

10

5

1989

1990


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(Trend).

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:

Suspected Diagnosis

Probable Diagnosis

Confirmed Diagnosis

15 20 .


:

: ...


:


:

...

.

...

Spot Map (Map Spotting) .


:

.

...


Spot Map

. .


Suspected Diagnosis

: - ... .


Probable Diagnosis

+ + .


Confirmed Diagnosis

.


Map Spot:

A12 (5 7 ) () .

3 4 .

6 .

3 18 (8 10 ) .

Spot Map .


Spot Map:

A

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A


High Risk At Risk:

High Risk :

. : .

At Risk :

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:

:

Index Case

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< 0.05


:

:

- ...


:


.


:

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Case Investigation:

A. 76 . . .

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Suspected Diagnosis .

15 .

..


: .

: .

: .


:

3 600 .

.

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.


3 At Risk

.



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At Risk .

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6 .



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